LOCATION: Westin Lobby
The first plenary of Day Three opened with a recognition of how significant it was that cyber security made it on the Forum’s agenda. The discussion focused on the need for critical and flexible infrastructure to address current security challenges, particularly those involving new cyber threats. Panelists agreed that we are moving into a world of artificial intelligence, where our increasingly interconnected society will require more and more security. Cyber threats involve a variety of state and non-state actors. This is why solutions need to be implemented through joint partnerships between the government and the private sector. At the end of the session, speakers reminded the audience that there is no one-size fits all approach to curbing cyber threats. We should aim for resilience, as opposed to achieving perfect security.
“Privacy as we know it is gone.”
“You don’t have to be a great expert to become a successful penetrator of the system.”
“The whole challenge of cyber security is about to get a whole lot harder because of quantum computing.”
“Just because someone comes at us with cyber does not mean we have to respond in kind. We have to play to the strengths of our nation and those of our friends and allies.”
“The essence of good classification is keep it to a minimum.”
“The press has an incredibly important role … it has stood us in good stead. Is it challenging at times? Heck ya.”
Moderator Kathleen Koch opened the final plenary session by posing a question about the recent rise of nationalist feelings and what it means for the rest of the world. Are countries beginning to turn inward? The debate focused on ways to achieve a balance between the need for national self-determination and the creation of state institutions. It is also vital to ensure good governance, regardless of geography. Speakers made a theoretical distinction between characteristics of patriotism and nationalism. They then applied that theory to case studies such as Russia, the United States, Israel, and Kurdistan.
“We have to be careful about the assumption that there are things that have always existed called nations. We also should be careful about the assumption that every nation should necessarily have their own state.”
“Patriotism is not nationalism.”
“You can’t just make democracy by toppling tyrannical regimes and holding elections.”
“After the Mosul operations, this process will start.” – on Kurdish independence negotiations with Iraq
“The bad manner of nationalism is mobilizing the people against someone else.”
LOCATION: Atlantic Ballroom
WATCH: The Hon. Harjit Sajjan, Canada’s Defence Minister and President Peter Van Praagh deliver remarks to the press to close the 2016 Halifax International Security Forum.
“Republican Sen. John McCain issued a fiery warning to President-elect Donald Trump on the subject of torture Saturday. “I don’t give a damn what the president of the United States wants to do. We will not waterboard,” McCain told an audience at the annual Halifax International Security Forum. ‘We will not torture people … It doesn’t work.’”
“This equilibrium, if it is ruined, then it could actually lead to drastic consequences in other parts of the world,” Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze, the vice prime minister for European and Euro-Atlantic integration of Ukraine, told Defense News in an interview Saturday at the Halifax International Security Forum.”
“Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) pushed back on President-elect Donald Trump’s past praise for waterboarding Saturday, maintaining that the U.S. wouldn’t use it as an interrogation tactic. ‘I don’t give a damn what the president of the United States wants to do … we will not waterboard,’ McCain said at the Halifax International Security Forum, according to reporters.”
“Views differed sharply on the impact of Donald Trump’s presidency on issues from trade to historic alliances during the second day of an international gathering seized by what-if scenarios regarding the incoming U.S. administration. The Halifax International Security Forum is the first major international gathering of policy analysts, American and foreign politicians, and defence ministers since Trump won the U.S. election.”
“Senate Armed Services Chairman John McCain, R-Ariz., reiterated his plan for Syria at the Halifax International Security Forum Saturday, which includes establishing a no-fly zone and putting US boots on the ground at a time when US President-elect Donald Trump’s plan remains unknown or non-existent.”
“Top-ranking military officers are warning that climate change could severely impact global security as sea levels rise and prolonged droughts grip poorer nations. Speaking at the Halifax International Security Forum on Saturday, Dutch General Tom Middendorp warned that climate change is fuelling war worldwide.”