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2014 Speakers

M.J. Akbar
M.J. Akbar
National Spokesperson, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)

Mr. M.J. Akbar is a leading Indian author, columnist, and public figure. His books include India: The Siege Within, Nehru: The Making of India, Kashmir: Behind the Vale, The Shade of Swords, Blood Brothers, and Tinderbox: The Past and Future of Pakistan, which examines how the foundational impulse of theocracy has turned the first Islamic state in the post-colonial era into a nation that has become a sanctuary for jihadists determined to spread instability through terrorism. Mr. Akbar joined the present ruling party, BJP, before the general elections in which Prime Minister Narendra Modi won a historic victory, and served as the party spokesperson during the polls and thereafter.

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Irakli Alasania
Irakli Alasania
Former Minister of Defense, Ministry of Defense, Georgia

Irakli Alasania is a Georgian political leader who forged a liberal political movement after resigning in protest as Georgia’s Ambassador to the United Nations in 2008. In 2012, his ‘Free Democrats’ party alongside other political institutions established the Georgian Dream coalition and swept the 2012 parliamentary elections. He served as the Minister of Defense of Georgia from 2012 to 2014. Minister Alasania’s career as a diplomat, intelligence and defense official, has been committed to the peaceful reintegration of Georgia and strengthening of both its security and quality of life for the thousands of citizens displaced by the 1992-1993 civil war. He has held notable roles within the Ministry of State Security, headed the Abkhazian Government-in–Exile, and served as the Georgian President’s Special Envoy for the Georgian-Abkhaz Peace Talks. Born on December 21, 1973 in Batumi, Georgia, he holds a B.A. in International Law from Tbilisi State University (1990-1995) and is a graduate of the Georgian Academy of Security (1994-1996). He is married to Natia Panjikidze with two children.

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Alyssa Ayres
Alyssa Ayres
Senior Fellow for India, Pakistan, and South Asia, Council on Foreign Relations

Dr. Ayres is Senior Fellow for India, Pakistan, and South Asia at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). She served previously as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia during 2010–2013, covering all issues across a dynamic region of 1.3 billion people, and providing policy direction and support for four US embassies and four consulates. Her book on nationalism, culture, and politics in Pakistan, Speaking Like a State, was published worldwide by Cambridge University Press in 2009, and received the American Institute of Pakistan Studies book prize for 2011–2012. In her current position at CFR, she has two projects, one focused on India’s role in the world, and the other, supported by the MacArthur Foundation, on the new geopolitics of China, India, and Pakistan. She directs the US Relations with South Asia Roundtable Series, contributes regularly to the blog Asia Unbound on CFR.org, as well as Forbes.com.

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John Allen
John Allen
Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL, United States Department of State

General John R. Allen, US Marine Corps (Ret.) was named the Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL by President Obama on September 12, 2014. He is a distinguished fellow in the Foreign Policy program at Brookings, working within the Center on 21st Century Security and Intelligence. From July 2011 to February 2013, General Allen commanded the NATO International Security Assistance Force and United States Forces in Afghanistan. Prior to assuming command of the NATO and US forces in Afghanistan, Allen commanded at every level in the Marine Corps through Marine Expeditionary Brigade. As a general officer, Allen served as the principal director of Asia/Pacific policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, a position he held for nearly three years. He remains a permanent and active member of the Council on Foreign Relations. General Allen holds a B.S. in operations analysis from the U.S. Naval Academy, a M.A. in national security studies from Georgetown University, a M.S. in strategic intelligence from the Defense Intelligence College, and a M.S. in national security strategy from the National Defense University.

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James Appathurai
James Appathurai
Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs and Security Policy and the Secretary General's Special Representative for Caucasus and Central Asia, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Mr. James Appathurai is NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs and Security Policy and the Secretary General’s Special Representative for the Caucasus and Central Asia. James Appathurai was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary General in December 2010. As DASG, he is responsible for NATO’s political relations with countries across the globe, international organizations, enlargement, and arms control. He provides policy advice on political issues affecting the security of the Alliance. He is responsible for implementing and developing NATO’s relations with all its partner countries and organizations, including through Political Agreements, Partnership Cooperation Programmes, and other bilateral and multilateral arrangements. He chairs the meetings of Political Counsellors in NATO, and, in support of the Assistant Secretary General directs the Political Affairs and Security Policy Division of NATO. As the Secretary General’s Special Representative, he is responsible for carrying forward the Alliance’s policy in the two strategically important regions of the Caucasus and Central Asia.

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Michael Auslin
Michael Auslin
Resident Scholar, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research and Columnist, Wall Street Journal

Dr. Michael Auslin is a columnist for the Wall Street Journal and a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) for Public Policy Research in Washington DC, where he is a director in Asian and Security Studies. Prior to joining AEI, Dr. Auslin was associate professor of history at Yale University. Dr. Auslin is a prolific author and his books include the new release, Pacific Cosmopolitans: A Cultural History of U.S.-Japan Relations (Harvard University Press, 2011). Dr. Auslin received the Nakasone Yasuhiro Award for Excellence in 2010, and has been named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum, a Marshall Memorial Fellow by the German Marshall Fund, and an Asia 21 Fellow by the Asia Society, in addition to being a former Fulbright and Japan Foundation Scholar. He received a B.Sc. from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Shlomo Avineri
Shlomo Avineri
Professor of Political Science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Dr. Shlomo Avineri is Professor of Political Science at Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. He is a graduate of Hebrew University and the London School of Economics and served as Director-General of Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the government of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. He held visiting appointments at Yale, Cornell, University of California, Cardozo School of Law, Australian National University, Oxford, and Northwestern University. He has been a fellow at the Brookings Institution, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Institute for World Economy and International Relations, and Collegium Budapest. In 1996, he received the Israel Prize, the country’s highest civilian decoration. His most recent book is Theodor Herzl and the Foundation of the Jewish State.

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Joo Seung Baek
Joo Seung Baek
Vice Minister of National Defence, Republic of Korea

Dr. Baek Seung Joo, Vice Minister of the Ministry of National Defense (MND) of the Republic of Korea (ROK), filled in as an advisory member to the president transition team in 2012-2013. Before joining the MND, he was a senior researcher at the government-funded think tank, Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA), and served as the Director of the Center for Security & Strategy from 2006 to 2009. As a renowned North Korean expert, he has actively participated in more than 100 research projects and served as an advisor for the MND and other security-related ministries and agencies. His main research interests are North Korean nuclear program, inter-Korean relations, military security in Northeast Asia, and unification strategy. His recent publications include “Characteristics of the North Korean Suc- cession System in the Post-Kim Jong-Il Era and Prospects for the Adjustment of Its Policy,” which is widely known among North Korean experts. Along with his active research activities, he also served as advisory professor for the ROK government during the second inter-Korean summit in 2007. 

 

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John Baird
John Baird
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

Minister John Baird was first elected to the House of Commons in 2006 and re-elected in 2008 and 2011. In February 2006, Mr. Baird was sworn in as President of the Treasury Board. In January 2007, he was named Minister of the Environment and, in October 2008, he became Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities. In August 2010, he was named Leader of the Government in the House of Commons. From November 2010 to January 2011, he undertook additional responsibilities as Minister of the Environment. He was named to his current portfolio following the federal election of May 2011. Prior to entering federal politics, Mr. Baird was a member of Ontario’s provincial legislature. During that time, he served as Minister of Community and Social Services, Energy, Francophone Affairs, Children and Youth Services, and as Government House Leader.  In 2008, he was named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum. Mr. Baird holds a Bachelor of Arts in political studies from Queen’s University.

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James Baker
James Baker
Principle Deputy Director, Joint Strategic Plans and Policy and Strategist to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

As Principal Deputy Director, Mr. Baker is charged with leading and maturing a culture of strategic thinking within the organization, conducting independent “red cell” analysis of current policies, and providing creative strategic perspectives on the full array of political-military issues facing Joint Staff leaders. As Strategist to the Chairman, Mr. Baker develops short-and long-range initiatives in reaction to ongoing changes in the geostrategic balance, including diplomatic, economic, technological, or military trends. He conducts outreach to world-class academics, intellectuals, strategists and think tank representatives and provides their insights directly to the Chairman. Mr. Baker is a distinguished graduate of the National War College, and a member of the Council of Foreign Relations. He holds four graduate degrees, two in engineering disciplines and two in security studies from military institutions. He is an alumnus of Harvard’s Advanced Management Program, MIT’s Seminar XXI program, and the Army’s Air Assault School.

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Falah Mustafa Bakir
Falah Mustafa Bakir
Head of the Department of Foreign Relations, Kurdistan Regional Government

Minister Falah Mustafa Bakir has been serving as the Head of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Department of Foreign Relations since September 2006. He was the KRG’s liaison officer to the Coalition Provisional Authority in 2003 and to the Multi-National Forces’ Korean Contingent stationed in Erbil in 2004. He also served as a Senior Adviser to the KRG Prime Minister from 2002 until 2004. He spent four years as the KRG Deputy Minister of Agriculture & Irrigation, from 1999 to 2002. He Joined the KDP’s Foreign Relations office in 1991 and was appointed as KDP Public Relations Officer from 1996 to 1999. Minister Bakir obtained his undergraduate degree at the University of Mosul, his graduate degree in development studies at the University of Bath in the United Kingdom, and a senior manager’s executive program certificate at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. He is fully fluent in Kurdish, English, and Arabic.

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Ehud Barak
Ehud Barak
Former Prime Minister and Minister of Defense, Israel

The Honorable Ehud Barak served as Prime Minister of Israel from 1999 to 2001. During his tenure, Prime Minister Barak led the country out of prolonged recession and into an economic boom, with 5.9% annual growth (9% 3rd Q), record foreign investments, near zero inflation, a halved deficit and significantly decreased external debt. However, the core of the Barak government’s effort was devoted to the peace process: in May 2000 Prime Minister Barak ordered the withdrawal of the Israeli Defense Forces from South Lebanon ending 18 tragic and bloody years of Israel’s presence there. Before being elected Prime Minister, Barak completed an illustrious 36-year career in the Israeli Defense Forces as the most decorated soldier in its history. Additionally, he served as Chief of the General Staff of the IDF where he was involved in the negotiation and implementation of the 1994 peace treaty with Jordan. Barak also served his country as Minister of the Interior, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Defense Minister. Mr. Barak received his B.S. in Mathematics and Physics from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and his M.SC in Economic Engineering Systems at Stanford University in California.

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Kevin Baron
Kevin Baron
Executive Editor, Defense One

Kevin Baron is Executive Editor of Defense One, Atlantic Media’s national security news, analysis and events brand. For more than 15 years in Washington, Baron has covered the military, the Pentagon, Congress, and politics for Foreign Policy, National Journal, Stars and Stripes, the Boston Globe, and the Center for Public Integrity. Baron is Vice President of the Pentagon Press Association. He is twice a recipient of the George Polk Award, among others. Baron earned a master’s degree from George Washington University and bachelor’s from the University of Richmond. Raised in Florida, Baron lives in Northern Virginia with his three sons. 

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John Barrasso
John Barrasso
Senator, United States

Senator John Barrasso was sworn in to the United States Senate in 2007 having represented the people of Natrona County in the Wyoming State Senate. Barrasso was then elected to the United States Senate on November 4, 2008 and reelected in 2012 to his first full term. Barrasso is known by many as Wyoming’s Doctor. He has a long and recognized career in both medicine and public service. During 24 years as an orthopedic surgeon in Casper, Barrasso served as President of the Wyoming Medical Society and was named Wyoming Physician of the Year. He also served as medical director of the Wyoming Health Fairs, bringing low-cost health screening exams to people all around the Cowboy State. Senator Barrasso serves on the Republican leadership team as the Chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee. He also serves as Chairman of the Senate Western Caucus. Senator Barrasso serves on the Energy and Natural Resources Committee, the Environment and Public Works Committee, the Indian Affairs Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. A strong advocate for the people of Wyoming, Senator Bar- rasso works hard to ensure that Wyoming’s voice is heard. Barrasso has three children – Peter, Emma and Hadley. He and his wife Bobbi live in Casper. 

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Steven Blaney
Steven Blaney
Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, Canada

Minister Steven Blaney was first elected to the House of Commons in 2006 and re-elected in 2008 and 2011. In July 2013, Mr. Blaney was appointed Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness. Previously, he was appointed Minister of Veterans Affairs in May 2011, and to the additional position of Minister for La Francophonie in February 2013. Mr. Blaney was appointed Vice-Chair of the Conservative Quebec Caucus and in October 2008 he became Chair of that Caucus. He served on the standing committees on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development, and on Environment and Sustainable Development. In May 2007, Mr. Blaney became Chair of the Standing Committee on Official Languages, which strives to promote linguistic duality throughout the country. After he graduated from the Université de Sherbrooke, Mr. Blaney became a civil engineer in 1988 and then obtained a Master of Business Administration in 2002 in Lévis. Mr. Blaney is married to Marie Bouchard and has two children.

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Øystein Bø
Øystein Bø
State Secretary, Royal Norwegian Ministry of Defense

Mr. Øystein Bø currently serves as the State Secretary at the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Defense. Bø has served in the Norwegian Foreign Service since 1990, in various capacities. He worked at the Norwegian Embassy in Sarajevo, where he was seconded as legal advisor to the High Representative in Bosnia (OHR). He has also been the chief of staff for the Foreign Minister, and served as Deputy Chief of Mission at the Norwegian Delegation to NATO. During 2010-2013 Mr. Bø was the Permament Secretary in Parliament for the Standing Committee on Defense and Foreign Affairs. Øystein Bø holds a law degree from the University of Oslo from 1989, and served in the Royal Norwegian Army from 1982-1993. 

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Peter Boehm
Peter Boehm
Associate Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

A career foreign service officer, Peter M. Boehm was appointed Associate Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in November 2012.  He had most recently served as Ambassador to Germany. Among other assignments, he has served as Assistant Deputy Minister for the Americas, North America, and consular affairs at Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, where he was also the department’s first chief political/economic officer. Abroad, he was Minister (political and public affairs) at the Canadian embassy in Washington (2001-04) and Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the Organization of American States (1997-2001). In his current capacity, Peter M. Boehm also serves as personal representative (sherpa) of the Prime Minister for the G-7 leaders’ Summits, as well as the Nuclear Security Summit. Born in Kitchener, Ontario, Peter M. Boehm holds a Ph.D. in History from the University of Edinburgh, an M.A. from the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University and an Honors B.A. in English and History from Wilfrid Laurier University.

 

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Susan Bonner
Susan Bonner
Host, World at Six, CBC Radio

As the host of CBC Radio’s World at Six, Susan Bonner draws on decades of experience to guide Canadians through the major news stories of the day on the flagship newscast. For close to 30 years she’s been a CBC reporter with postings in just about every province as well as a decade in CBC’s parliamentary bureau and most recently four years in Washington. Born in Montreal, Susan earned a journalism degree from Ryerson University in Toronto. She learned about Canada on its front lines, joining CBC in 1985 as a national summer trainee. To beat any central Canada bent out of her, she was promptly sent west where she spent several years working in Saskatoon and Calgary. To balance things out she went to Halifax where she honed her love of political reporting. That led to a posting in Montreal in the post Meech Lake turbulence. Susan also spent several years in Toronto as a writer and producer but was lured back into reporting in the late 90s, covering the economy. From there she went to Ottawa for a decade of reporting on the end of Liberal dominance, the tumultuous minority government era and the birth and rise of Stephen Harper’s conservative government. Susan has recently come home from an exhilarating stint in CBC’s Washington bureau, covering the Obama government and all the major global issues that dominate the US capital. She lives in Toronto with her husband and son.

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Ralf Brauksiepe
Ralf Brauksiepe
Parliamentary State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Defense, Germany

Dr. Ralf Brauksiepe was born in 1967 in Hattingen. He earned his university entrance qualification in 1986, and then studied Economic Sciences at Ruhr University in Bochum, supported by a scholarship from the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung. In 1990 he received his Master’s Degree in Economics. Between 1990 and 1995 he worked as Research Assistant at the Institute of Development Research and Development Policy at Ruhr University, and in 1995 he earned his Doctorate (Dr. rer. Oec.). Between 1996 and 1998 he worked as Research Assistant at the Seminar for Economic and Financial Policy of the Faculty of Economics at Ruhr University. Since 1998, he has been a Member of the German Bundestag. From 2009 to 2013, he was Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Since December 2013, he has been Parliamentary State Secretary at the German Federal Ministry of Defense.

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Darrell Bricker
Darrell Bricker
Global Chief Executive Officer, Ipsos Public Affairs

Dr. Darrell Bricker holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from Carleton University, and a B.A. and M.A. from Wilfrid Laurier University. He has been awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree by Wilfrid Laurier University, which named him one of their top 100 graduates in the last 100 years. Dr. Bricker has written five national best-selling books. His latest, The Big Shift (with John Ibbitson), is a major release with Harper Collins. Dr. Bricker is a popular public speaker who regularly engages with audiences around the world. He has written articles for publications as diverse as Canada’s The Globe and Mail and France’s Le Monde. Dr. Bricker is the Honorary Colonel of the Queen’s York Rangers, a reserve regiment in the Canadian Army. He has received commendations from the Commanders of Canada’s Army and Navy, and has been awarded the Diamond Jubilee Medal for community service.

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Ian Brodie
Ian Brodie
Research Director, School of Public Policy, University of Calgary

Ian Brodie is Research Director at the School of Public Policy and teaches in the School’s Master of Public Policy (MPP) program. From 2009 to 2013, he worked at the Inter-American Development Bank. From 2005 to 2008, he was Chief of Staff to Canada’s Prime Minister, Stephen Harper. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.a

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Rosa Brooks
Rosa Brooks
Senior Fellow, New America Foundation and Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center

Ms. Rosa Brooks is a Senior Fellow at the New America Foundation, a columnist for Foreign Policy, and a Professor of Law at Georgetown University. From 2009-2011, she served as Counselor to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. Brooks has worked in the past at the US Department of State, for Human Rights Watch, for the Open Society Foundation, as a weekly op-ed columnist for the Los Angeles Times, and as an associate professor at the University of Virginia School of Law. Her writing has appeared in dozens of national and international publications, and her next book, By Other Means: How Everything Became War and the Military Became Everything, will be published in 2015 by Simon and Schuster. Brooks received her J.D. from Yale, her B.A. from Harvard, and a master’s degree from Oxford. She has two children, and is married to an active duty officer in the US Army’s Special Forces. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Gerry Brownlee
Gerry Brownlee
Minister of Defence, Leader of the House and MP for Ilam, New Zealand

Gerry Brownlee is the Member of Parliament for the Christchurch constituency of Ilam, a seat he has held comfortably since 1996. Ranked number three in Cabinet, he is Minister of Defence, Leader of the House (with responsibility for the Government’s legislative programme), Minister Responsible for the Earthquake Commission, and Minister for Canterbury Earthquake Recovery. He became Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Minister since soon after a devastating 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch on September 4, 2010. His role got much larger following the 22nd of February 2011 when a 6.3 magnitude quake hit the city, killing 185 people and resulting in widespread residential and commercial property destruction. The earthquakes, and the subsequent rebuild of New Zealand’s second largest city, are New Zealand’s costliest event. Following a long involvement in the National Party he won the constituency of Ilam in 1996. During his political career he has served as Junior Whip and Deputy Leader of the National Party, Minister for Economic Development, Minister of Energy and Resources, Associate Minister for the Rugby World Cup and Minister of Transport. Gerry has always been involved in the local community and served on the Riccarton Bush Trust. He is a strong advocate for sport and cultural activity for all New Zealanders.

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Cengiz Çandar
Cengiz Çandar
Journalist, Radikal and Al Monitor

Mr. Cengiz Çandar is an expert on the Middle East and the Balkans and has worked for leading Turkish newspapers. Currently, he is the senior political columnist for the daily Radikal in Istanbul and a columnist for Al Monitor, the online outlet on the Middle East. From 1997 to 2011, he was a lecturer at Bilgi and Kültür University in Istanbul. Between 1999 and 2000, he conducted research as public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and was a senior fellow at the United States Institute of Peace. Mr. Çandar served as a special adviser to Turkish President Turgut Özal between 1991 and 1993.

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Scott Carpenter
Scott Carpenter
Deputy Director, Google Ideas

Mr. Scott Carpenter is the Deputy Director of Google Ideas, where he is responsible for driving the portfolio addressing illicit networks as well as advising on its strategy in three other key areas: confronting violent extremism, expanding freedom of expression in closed societies, and securing citizens in weak states. Prior to joining Google, Scott founded and directed Project Fikra as the Keston Family Fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, an effort to use connective technologies to share ideas among Arab democrats and connect them with each other, and to policy makers in the US, Europe, and elsewhere. Previously, Scott served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of Near East Affairs where he helped conceive and implement the Middle East Partnership Initiative before being named Coordinator for the Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative. His other roles in government include Director of Governance for the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq and Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Human Rights and Democracy.

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Wendy Chamberlin
Wendy Chamberlin
President, Middle East Institute

Wendy Chamberlin has been President of the Middle East Institute since 2007. Previously, as Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees from 2004 to 2007, she supervised the administration of the UN humanitarian organization. A 29-year veteran of the US Foreign Service, she was Ambassador to Pakistan from 2001 to 2002, where she played a key role in securing Pakistan’s cooperation in the US-led campaign against al-Qaeda in Afghanistan in the wake of the terrorist attacks against the US on September 11. Ambassador Chamberlin served as Director of Global Affairs and Counter-terrorism at the National Security Council and as Deputy in the Bureau of International Counter-Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. Other assignments included US Ambassador to the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (1996-1999), Director of Press and Public Affairs for the Near East Bureau (1991-1993), Deputy Chief of Mission in Kuala Lumpur (1993-1996), Arab-Israeli affairs (1982-1984), and postings in Morocco, Pakistan, Malaysia, Laos, and Zaire.

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Joe Cirincione
Joe Cirincione
President, Ploughshares Fund

Joe Cirincione is President of Ploughshares Fund, a global security foundation. He previously served as Vice President for National Security and International Policy at the Center for American Progress and as Director for Non-Proliferation at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is the author of the books Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World Before It Is Too Late and Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons. He has also authored and edited five other books on nuclear weapons and national security policy. Mr. Cirincione serves on the Secretary of State’s International Security Advisory Board, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and teaches at the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. He worked for nine years in the US House of Representatives on the professional staff of the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Government Operations.

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Steve Clemons
Steve Clemons
Washington Editor-at-Large, The Atlantic and Editor-in-Chief AtlanticLIVE & QuartzLIVE

Mr. Steve Clemons is Washington Editor-At-Large for The Atlantic and Editor-in-Chief of AtlanticLIVE and QuartzLIVE. He is also Editor-at-Large for Quartz. At AtlanticLIVE, The Atlantic’s premium events division, Clemons develops concepts and editorial content and leads programs as an interviewer, moderator, and host. Clemons joined The Atlantic in June 2011 from the New America Foundation, a think tank devoted to pragmatic, non-ideological policy innovation, and intellectual entrepreneurship. He helped launch the Foundation twelve years ago, served as its Executive Vice President for eight years, founded its American Strategy Program, and continues to serve there as a Senior Fellow. Mr. Clemons also served as Executive Vice President of the Economic Strategy Institute, as Senior Policy Advisor on Economic and International Affairs to Senator Jeff Bingaman (D-NM), and as the first Executive Director of the Nixon Center. He is also a member of the World Economic Forum Council on Geopolitical Risk.

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Tom Cotton
Tom Cotton
Senator-elect, United States

Tom Cotton is the Senator-elect for the State of Arkansas. A native of Dardanelle, Tom graduated from Harvard and Harvard Law School. He clerked for the US Court of Appeals and practiced law before joining the United States Army as an infantry officer. Tom spent nearly five years on active duty, deploying to both Iraq and Afghanistan. Tom’s military decorations include the Bronze Star Medal, Combat Infantryman Badge, and Ranger tab. Most recently, Tom worked as a management consultant for McKinsey & Co. He began his first term in Congress in January 2013 and currently sits on the Financial Services and Foreign Affairs Committees.

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Ted Cruz
Ted Cruz
Senator, United States

In 2012, Ted Cruz was elected as the 34th US Senator from Texas. A passionate fighter for limited government, economic growth, and the Constitution, Sen. Cruz serves on several committees, including the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Judiciary. Before being elected, Ted served under Attorney General Greg Abbott as the Solicitor General of Texas, the State’s chief lawyer before the US Supreme Court. He has authored more than 80 US Supreme Court briefs and argued 43 oral arguments, including nine before the US Supreme Court. Prior to becoming Solicitor General, he served during the Bush Administration at the Federal Trade Commission and the US Department of Justice. After graduating from Harvard Law, Ted served as a law clerk to Chief Justice William Rehnquist on the US Supreme Court. Ted and his wife Heidi live with their two daughters in his hometown of Houston, Texas.

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Arnaud Danjean
Arnaud Danjean
Member, Subcommittee on Security and Defense, European Parliament

Mr. Arnaud Danjean, 43, is Member of the European Parliament (France, EPP/UMP), first elected in June 2009. He was Chairman of the Security and Defense Subcommittee (2009-2014). Re-elected in May 2009, he is still Member of the Foreign Affairs Committee and of the Subcommittee on Security and Defense. Member of the French center-right party UMP, he has also, since 2010, served as an elected member of the Regional Assembly of Burgund. Graduating with a degree in political sciences and international affairs at Paris Political Studies Institute (1993), he started his career as a civil servant within the French Ministry of Defense, mainly working as an advisor to the French External Intelligence Directorate (DGSE), specialized on Balkan crisis, with an assignment in Sarajevo (95-98). He then joined the French Permanent mission to the UN in Geneva (2002-2005) and served as an advisor to French Foreign Ministers from 2005 to 2007.

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Howard Dean
Howard Dean
Senior Strategic Advisor, McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP and Former Governor of Vermont

Howard Dean served as Governor of Vermont for six terms from 1991 to 2003 – the second longest serving governor in the state. He gained national prominence as a leading Democratic candidate in the 2004 Presidential election. Dean was elected as Chairman of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) in 2005, serving until 2009. As Chair, Dean was lead strategist, spokesman, and fundraiser for the DNC. He is credited with pioneering an energetic 50-state strategy and the development of 21st century campaign tools that helped Democrats make historic gains in the 2006 and 2008 elections. Dean has also served as Chairman of the National Governors’ Association, the Democratic Governors’ Association, as well as the New England Governors’ Conference while serving as Governor of Vermont. He is the founder of Democracy for America, a MSNBC contributor, and serves on the Board of Directors for National Democratic Institute (NDI). Before entering politics Dean worked as a physician. Dean currently works as an independent consultant focusing on the areas of health care, early childhood development, alternative energy, and the expansion of grassroots politics and democracy around the world. He serves on the Board of the National Democratic Institute and focuses on Ukraine, Moldova, and the Balkans. He has also spent time in China and Myanmar. He also continues to be active in Democratic Party politics.

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Paula Dobriansky
Paula Dobriansky
Senior Fellow, The Future of Diplomacy Project, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University

Ambassador Paula J. Dobriansky is a Senior Fellow at Harvard University’s JFK Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Chair, National Board of Directors of the World Affairs Councils of America. From 2010–2012, she was Senior Vice President and Global Head of Government and Regulatory Affairs at Thomson Reuters, and also held the Distinguished National Security Chair at the US Naval Academy. She served as Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs (2001-2009) and from 2007-2009, as the President’s Special Envoy to Northern Ireland. She received the Secretary of State’s highest honor, the Distinguished Service Medal, for her work in these positions. Other high level government positions include: Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, Deputy Head of the US Delegation to the 1990 Copenhagen Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), and Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council, the White House. From 1997- 2001, she served as Senior Vice President and Director of the Washington Office of the Council on Foreign Relations and was the first George F. Kennan Senior Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Ambassador Dobriansky received a B.S.F.S. summa cum laude in International Politics from Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and a M.A. and Ph.D. in Soviet political/military affairs from Harvard University.

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Gary Doer
Gary Doer
Ambassador of Canada to the United States of America, Embassy of Canada to the United States

In October 2009, Gary Doer assumed his responsibilities as Canada’s 23rd representative to the United States of America. Prior to taking up his current position in Washington, Ambassador Doer served as Premier of Manitoba for ten years. During that time, he worked extensively with US governors to enhance Canada-US cooperation on trade, agriculture, water protection, climate change, and renewable energy. Ambassador Doer won three consecutive elections as Premier of Manitoba with successive increased majorities. In 2005, he was named by Business Week magazine as one of the top 20 international leaders on climate change. His government introduced balanced budgets during each of his ten years in office while reducing many taxes, including a plan to eliminate small business tax. As Premier, he led strategic investments in health care, education, training, and infrastructure. Ambassador Doer hails from Winnipeg. He is married with two daughters.

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Lyse Doucet
Lyse Doucet
Chief International Correspondent, BBC

Ms. Lyse Doucet is the BBC’s award winning Chief International Correspondent who attended the forum in 2009 and 2013. She is a presenter for BBC World News TV and BBC World Service radio and is often deployed to anchor special news coverage from the field and report across the BBC. She played a key role in the BBC’s coverage of the “Arab Uprisings “ across the Middle East and North Africa. She is a regular visitor to Afghanistan and Pakistan from where she has been reporting for the past two decades. Her work has also focused on major natural disasters including the Indian Ocean tsunami, and more recently Pakistan floods. Before joining the BBC’s team of presenters in 1999, Ms. Doucet spent 15 years as a BBC foreign correspondent with postings in Jerusalem, Tehran, Amman, Kabul, Islamabad, and Abidjan. Ms. Doucet was born in eastern Canada and has a Masters degree in International Relations from the University of Toronto and a BA Honours from Queen’s University at Kingston. 

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Jill Dougherty
Jill Dougherty
Public Policy Scholar, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

Jill Dougherty is a Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC. Her area of expertise is Russia and the former Soviet Union. Previously she worked as a correspondent for CNN, serving as Moscow Bureau Chief; White House Correspondent; Managing Editor Asia/Pacific based in Hong Kong; US Affairs Editor; and Foreign Affairs Correspondent covering the State Department. In January of this year, after three decades with CNN, she left to pursue research on the Russian media as a Fellow at Harvard University’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy. Ms. Dougherty received her B.A. in Slavic Languages and Literature from the University of Michigan and her M.A. from Georgetown University. She wrote her master’s thesis on Russia’s Soft Power Diplomacy and has written numerous articles on Russia and the Russia media.

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Comfort Ero
Comfort Ero
Program Director, Africa, Crisis Group

As Crisis Group’s Africa Program Director, Comfort Ero oversees the organization’s work in West, Central, Southern and Horn of Africa. She first joined the organization in 2001 as West Africa Project Director, after serving for three years as the Political Affairs Officer and Policy Advisor to the Special Representative of the Secretary General in Liberia. Prior to Crisis Group, she was Deputy Director of the Africa Program at the International Center for Transitional Justice. Previously, she was Research Fellow at the Conflict, Security, and Development Group at King’s College, and a Research Associate for the International Institute for Strategic Studies. Her areas of expertise include conflict prevention, management and resolution, mediation, peacekeeping, transitional justice, and Africa’s politics and international relations. She has a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics, University of London.    

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Philippe  Errera
Philippe Errera
Director, Strategic Affairs, Ministry of Defense, France

From 2011 to 2013, Philippe Errera was Ambassador, France Permanent Representative to NATO. Philippe Errera served as Chief of Staff (2009-2010) and, previously, Advisor for Strategic and Multilateral Affairs (2007-2009) to the Minister of Foreign and European affairs. Previously, he was Director for Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation (2006-2007), and deputy director of the Centre d’Analyse et de Prévision (Policy planning) at the Quai d’Orsay since April 2003.He was posted in Washington, DC as an exchange diplomat at the US Department of State’s Bureau of European Affairs (1998-99), and as counselor in charge of politico-military affairs at the French Embassy (1999-2003). Philippe Errera began his career at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the Office of EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (1996). He holds a degree from the Paris Institute of Political Studies and is a graduate of the National School of Government (ENA, 1996).

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Richard  Fadden
Richard Fadden
Deputy Minister

Mr. Fadden assumed his role as Deputy Minister of National Defence in 2013. The Deputy Minister of National Defence is appointed under the National Defence Act by the Governor-in-Council (the Cabinet), on the advice of the Prime Minister. From 2009-2013, he was Director of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service. Prior to this, he was Deputy Minister of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (2006-2009) and President of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (2002-2005). Mr. Fadden holds a Graduate Diploma in Law from the University of Ottawa, a Bachelor of Laws from the Université de Montréal, and a Bachelor of Political Science from McGill University. He is a native of the Province of Quebec and is a member of the Bar of that province. He is married with two children.

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Michael Fallon
Michael Fallon
Secretary of State for Defence, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom

The Right Honorable Michael Fallon MP was appointed Defence Secretary on July 15, 2014. He has been the Conservative MP for Sevenoaks, Kent since 1997. Fallon was educated at Epsom College and the University of St. Andrews. Fallon was MP for Darlington from 1983 to 1992. He was a minister in the Department for Education and Science from 1990 to 1992. More recently he has held positions on the Treasury Select Committee and was Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party. He was appointed Minister for Business and Enterprise in September 2012 and Minister of State for Energy in March 2013. In 2014 he also became Minister for Portsmouth. Fallon is a former director of Bannatyne Fitness Ltd (fitness clubs), Quality Care Homes plc (nursing homes), Just Learning Ltd (nurseries), Attendo AB (Scandinavian social and health care), and Tullett Prebon plc (inter-dealing broking). Fallon is married and has 2 children.

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Dean Fealk
Dean Fealk
Partner and Group Chair, DLA Piper

Dean Fealk serves as outside general counsel to the Halifax International Security Forum. He is also a partner at global law firm DLA Piper. He advises leading multinational companies on a wide range of legal and strategic issues related to international business. Dean is active in business and civic leadership in California, serving on the board of directors of the Bay Area Council and the California Business Roundtable. He is an appointed advisor to the US Department of Commerce and the US Trade Representative. He represented California as the Governor’s trade and investment delegate to China and Mexico. Dean is a Fulbright Scholar, Marshall Memorial Fellow, and Truman National Security Fellow. He is a graduate of Leadership San Francisco and the executive leadership program at Harvard Business School.

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Christopher Fomunyoh
Christopher Fomunyoh
Senior Associate and Regional Director for Central and West Africa, National Democratic Institute

Dr. Christopher Fomunyoh has organized and advised international election observation missions to nearly a dozen African countries, and designed and supervised country specific democracy support programs with civic organizations, political parties, and legislative bodies in nearly twenty African countries. As an expert on democratization in Africa, Dr. Fomunyoh makes frequent guest appearances on major radio and television networks including CNN, BBC, NewsHour, and National Public Radio and provides interviews for major national and international newspapers, including the Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Washington Post, and Le Monde. He has published a number of articles in academic journals on African politics and democratization. Dr. Fomunyoh holds a Licence en Droit from Yaoundé University in Cameroon, a master’s degree (LL.M.) in international law from Harvard Law School, and a Ph.D. in political science from Boston University.

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Ralf Fücks
Ralf Fücks
President, Heinrich Böll Stiftung

Ralf Fücks was born in 1951 in Edenkoben (Palatinate). Ralf Fücks joined the Green Party in 1982. In 1985 he was elected to the Bremen state parliament. He served as Co-President for the national Green Party in 1989-1990. He returned to regional politics in Bremen in 1991, serving as Deputy Mayor and as Senator for Urban Development and Environmental Protection. Ralf Fücks has been a member of the executive board of the Heinrich Böll Foundation since 1996. Together with his colleagues, he rebuilt the foundation completely, moving its headquarters to Berlin. In November 2011, he was re-elected for a fourth term. The primary focus of his work is on sustainable development, reshaping the welfare state, migration, the future of European integration, and on foreign policy. He is responsible for the divisions of domestic political education, Europe and North America, German-Israeli-Relations as well as for the foundation’s scholarship program. He is a regular contributor to numerous newspapers and political periodicals and co-author to numerous books. He is the author of the book “Intelligent Wachsen – Die grüne Revolution (Intelligent Growth – The Green Revolution),” which released on February 25, 2013.

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Tulsi Gabbard
Tulsi Gabbard
Member of the House of Representatives, United States

Tulsi Gabbard was born in Leloaloa, American Samoa in 1981, the fourth of five children. At the age of two, Tulsi and her family settled in Hawai’i where as a teenager, she co-founded the Healthy Hawai’i Coalition, a non-profit teaching children to take care of themselves and the environment. An advocate for environmental policy, Tulsi ran for the Hawai’i State Legislature in 2002 and became the youngest person ever elected. A year later, Tulsi joined the Hawai’i National Guard to serve Hawaii’s citizens and our country. In 2004, Tulsi voluntarily deployed to Iraq with her fellow Soldiers of the 29th Brigade eventually serving two tours of combat duty in the Middle East. Tulsi was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal during Operation Iraqi Freedom, was the first female Distinguished Honor Graduate at Fort McClellan’s Officer Candidate School, and was the first woman to ever receive an award of appreciation from the Kuwaiti military on her second overseas tour. Tulsi continues to serve as a Captain in the Hawai’i National Guard’s 29th Brigade Combat Team. Representing Hawaii’s 2nd Congressional District, Tulsi is one of the first two female combat veterans and the first Hindu to ever serve as a member of the US Congress.

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Evan Garcia
Evan Garcia
Undersecretary for Policy, Department of Foreign Affairs, Philippines

Foreign Affairs Undersecretary Evan P. Garcia, born in Vietnam, is a career foreign service officer. He joined the Foreign Service in 1982. In 2010-2013, he was the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and Permanent Representative of the Philippine Mission to the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva, Switzerland. Prior to this, Undersecretary Garcia served in various capacities in the home office such as the Office of Asian and Pacific Affairs, Office of ASEAN Affairs, and the Office of the Secretary. In his foreign assignments, he has served in the Philippine Embassy in Tokyo (Economic Officer, Consul and Head of the Economic Section), and in Washington DC (Political Officer, Acting Consul General, Head of the Political Section and Acting Deputy Chief of Mission). He has a License in International Relations and Political Science from the Graduate Institute for International Studies in Geneva and a Bachelor of Science Degree of Foreign Service, Magna Cum Laude, from the University of the Philippines in Diliman. Undersecretary Garcia was conferred the Gawad Mabini Award with the rank of Dakilang Kasugo and Dakilang Kamanong on 14 August 2007 for his substantive contributions in the interest of the government and public welfare. Undersecretary Garcia is married to Ambassador Jocelyn Batoon-Garcia with whom he has one son.

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John K. Glenn
John K. Glenn
Policy Director, US Global Leadershp Coalition

Dr. John K. Glenn is Policy Director of the US Global Leadership Coalition, a coalition of senior business, military, and NGO leaders that advocates for strengthening global development and national security. He is also adjunct faculty at the Elliott School for Public Affairs at George Washington University, where he teaches the graduate seminar on transatlantic relations in the 21st century. He previously served as Director of Foreign Policy at the German Marshall Fund of the United States where he led Transatlantic Trends, an annual survey of foreign policy attitudes in the United States and Europe, and as Executive Director of the Council for European Studies. He has written numerous scholarly books, articles, and policy briefs on contentious politics, social movements, and democratization. He holds a Ph.D. and M.A. in Sociology from Harvard University and a bachelor’s degree from Oberlin College. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Diba Nigar Göksel 
Diba Nigar Göksel 
Editor-in-Chief, Turkish Policy Quarterly

D. Nigar Göksel has been Editor-in-Chief of the Istanbul-based Turkish Policy Quarterly (TPQ) since 2002. She was simultaneously Senior Analyst at the European Stability Initiative (ESI) between 2004-11, where she covered Turkey and the Caucasus. In Spring 2014, she joined Madrid-based think tank FRIDE as Associate Fellow, focusing on the Black Sea region. She is a regular contributor to the German Marshall Fund’s ‘On Turkey’ series and writes frequently for Al Jazeera International. Nigar is also registered in Turkey as an independent consultant for political analysis and project management. She has designed a range of reconciliation and civil society capacity-building initiatives in Turkey and the South Caucasus. Earlier in her career she acted as Country Director for IREX (International Research and Exchanges Board), Project Manager at TESEV (Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation) and International Relations Coordinator at the ARI Movement. From 1998 to 2000 she worked at the Azerbaijan Embassy in Washington, DC, and briefly at the Washington office of the Turkish Industrialists and Businessmens’ Association (TÜSİAD-US).

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Camille Grand
Camille Grand
Director, Foundation for Strategic Research

Dr. Camille Grand has been the Director of the Foundation for Strategic Research, the leading French think tank on defense and security, since September 2008. Prior to this assignment, he was Deputy Director for disarmament and multilateral affairs in the directorate for strategic, security, and disarmament affairs of the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. Dr. Grand was previously the deputy diplomatic adviser to French Defense Minister Mrs. Alliot-Marie. He also served as an expert on nuclear policy and nonproliferation in the Strategic Affairs Department of the French Ministry of Defense. Dr. Grand has taught graduate courses in international and security affairs at Sciences Po Paris and at the École Nationale d’Administration. Dr. Grand primarily focuses on current strategic affairs, including European security, nuclear policy, nonproliferation, and disarmament.

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Frank Grass
Frank Grass
Chief, United States National Guard Bureau

General Frank J. Grass serves as the 27th Chief of the National Guard Bureau and as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In this capacity, he serves as a military advisor to the President, Secretary of Defense, and National Security Council and is the Department of Defense’s official channel of communication to the Governors and State Adjutants General on all matters pertaining to the National Guard. He is responsible for ensuring the more than 460,000 Army and Air National Guard personnel are accessible, capable and ready to protect the homeland and to provide combat resources to the Army and Air Force. Prior to his current assignment, General Grass served as Deputy Commander, United States Northern Command and Vice Commander, United States Element, North American Aerospace Defense Command (USELEMNORAD) at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. As Deputy Commander, United States Northern Command, General Grass helped lead the command to anticipate, prepare, and respond to threats and aggression aimed at the United States, its territories, and interests within the assigned area of responsibility and, as directed by the President or Secretary of Defense, provide Defense Support of Civil Authorities, including consequence management operations.

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Jerrold Green
Jerrold Green
President and Chief Executive Officer, Pacific Council on International Policy

Dr. Jerrold D. Green is the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Pacific Council on International Policy in Los Angeles. He is also a Research Professor of Communications at the University of Southern California. Green has lived and worked in Egypt, where he was a Fulbright Fellow, Iran, and Israel. Dr. Green is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the US Department of State Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy (ACIEP), and the Board of Advisors of the University of California at Berkeley Program on Entrepreneurship & Development in the Middle East. He is currently a member of the United States Secretary of the Navy Advisory Panel where he was awarded the Department of the Navy Distinguished Civilian Service Award for his service. Green has written widely on Middle East themes focusing on American Middle East policy, the role of religion in the region, inter-Arab relations, and Iranian politics.

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Maryscott Greenwood
Maryscott Greenwood
Senior Managing Director, McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP

Maryscott “Scotty” Greenwood is Senior Managing Director for Government Relations and International Trade at McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP, a top 100 law firm in the United States.  Scotty leads the firm’s Federal Group as well as the Canada/US practice group.  Scotty also serves as President of Strategic Management LLC, the firm’s consulting subsidiary. Scotty serves as senior advisor to the Canadian-American Business Council. Scotty’s civic involvement includes serving on the Boards of Directors of the Foundation for Art and Preservation in Embassies, the World Affairs Council  DC; the Advisory Boards of the United States Studies Program of the University of Alberta, and the Association of Canadian Studies in the US; and the Advisory Committee of the G(irls) 20 Summit. Scotty also serves as a Director on the McKenna Long Foundation. Before joining the firm, Scotty received a Presidential Appointment to serve in the US foreign service at the United States Embassy in Canada. From 1993-1997, she was Director of Intergovernmental Affairs for the City of Atlanta. Scotty served on the White House Interagency Task Force on Olympic Security and worked on various other projects related to the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games.

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Abdullah  Gül
Abdullah Gül
11th President of the Republic of Turkey

Abdullah Gül was the 11th President of Turkey from 2007 to 2014. A founding member of the AK Party (Justice and Development Party), he served as Prime Minister from 2002 to 2003 and Foreign Minister from 2003 to 2007 at the AK Party governments. Before the AK Party, Mr. Gül was a member of the Virtue Party, where he led the Reformist Movement. He was both a member of and a MP from the Welfare Party, where he served in leading Parliamentary commissions, represented Turkey at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and held the positions of Spokesperson and Minister of State in the 1996 coalition government. Mr. Gül holds a Ph.D. from Istanbul University in Economics. Before his political career, he worked at the Islamic Development Bank in Jeddah from 1983 to 1991. He is married to Hayrünnisa Gül and is the father of three children.

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Joseph Hall
Joseph Hall
Vice President, Halifax International Security Forum

Joseph Hall is the founding Vice President of the Halifax International Security Forum. Based overseas for 15 years, he returned to the US in 2011 to join the leadership of the Forum. Joe has more than 30 years experience in nonprofit management and fundraising and has served on the boards of directors of national advocacy organizations and philanthropic institutions in the US and abroad. Joe previously served as senior advisor for the Middle East and North Africa and senior director for Lebanon for the National Democratic Institute in Beirut. Since 1997, he has provided strategic advice to political parties and civic organizations throughout the Middle East, West Africa, and the former Soviet Union and has directed election observation and civic programs in the West Bank and Gaza, Azerbaijan, Sierra Leone, Jordan, Egypt, and Lebanon. Joe opened the first NDI office in Cairo in 2005 and led the NDI team during the Egyptian revolution of 2011.

 

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Cecil Haney
Cecil Haney
Commander, United States Strategic Command

Admiral Cecil D. Haney, a native of Washington, DC is a 1978 graduate of the United States Naval Academy. His career as a submariner includes assignments aboard USS John C. Calhoun (SSBN 630), USS Frank Cable (AS 40), USS Hyman G. Rickover (SSN 709), USS Asheville (SSN 758), and Submarine Squadron 8, culminating in command of USS Honolulu (SSN 718). Subsequent fleet command assignments include Submarine Squadron 1 and Submarine Group 2. Admiral Haney’s shore duty tours include administrative assistant for enlisted affairs at Naval Reactors; congressional appropriations liaison officer for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Comptroller); Deputy Chief of Staff of Plans, Policies and Requirements, US Pacific Fleet (N5N8); Director, Submarine Warfare Division (N87); Director, Naval Warfare Integration Group (N00X); Deputy Commander, US Strategic Command and recently Commander, US Pacific Fleet. Admiral Haney holds master’s degrees in Engineering Acoustics and System Technology from the Naval Post Graduate School, and a master’s degree in National Security Strategy from the National Defense University. Admiral Haney’s decorations include the Navy Distinguished Service Medal (two awards), Defense Superior Service Medal (two awards), Legion of Merit (four awards), Navy Commendation Medal (three awards), Navy Achievement Medal (two awards), and various campaign and unit awards. In addition, he was the 1998 Vice Admiral James Bond Stockdale Leadership Award recipient.

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Husain Haqqani
Husain Haqqani
Director, South and Central Asia, Hudson Institute

Husain Haqqani served as Pakistan’s ambassador to the United States from 2008-2011 and is widely credited with managing a difficult partnership during a critical phase in the global war on terrorism. He is currently Director for South and Central Asia at Hudson Institute in Washington, DC. He has been a journalist, academic and diplomat in addition to serving as advisor to four Pakistani Prime Ministers, including the late Benazir Bhutto. His 2005 book Pakistan Between Mosque and Military was acclaimed for explaining the roots of Pakistan’s foreign and domestic policies. His latest book Magnificent Delusions: US, Pakistan and the Global Jihad which came out in November 2013 has been described as “timely, valuable and objective” by former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright.

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Jane Harman
Jane Harman
Director, President, and CEO, Woodrow Wilson Center

Jane Harman resigned from Congress February 28, 2011 to join the Woodrow Wilson Center as its first female Director, President and CEO. Representing the aerospace center of California during nine terms in Congress, she served on all the major security committees: six years on Armed Services, eight years on Intelligence, and eight on Homeland Security.  During her long public career, Harman has been recognized as a national expert at the nexus of security and public policy issues.  She received the Defense Department Medal for Distinguished Service in 1998, the CIA Seal Medal in 2007, and the CIA Director’s Award and the Director of National Intelligence Distinguished Public Service Medal in 2011.  She is a member of the Defense Policy Board, State Department Foreign Policy Board, the Director of National Intelligence’s Senior Advisory Group, the Homeland Security Advisory Committee.   She was a member of the CIA External Advisory Board from 2011 to 2013.  Harman is a Trustee of the Aspen Institute and the University of Southern California.  A product of Los Angeles public schools, Harman is a magna cum laude graduate of Smith College, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and Harvard Law School. Prior to serving in Congress, she was a top aide in the United States Senate, Deputy Cabinet Secretary to President Jimmy Carter, Special Counsel to the Department of Defense, and in private law practice. She has four adult children and four grandchildren.

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Sasha  Havlicek
Sasha Havlicek
Chief Executive Officer, Institute for Strategic Dialogue

As ISD’s co-founding CEO, Sasha leads the organization’s government advisory work, research and action programmes in the fields of counter-extremism, counter-terrorism and European foreign policy. In this capacity she advises a number of Western governments and the private sector and has spearheaded a series of transformative initiatives including: a global network of former extremists (AVE); a partnership with Google Ideas to counter online radicalization; the first pan-European Muslim professional mentoring network; a transatlantic task force with Turkey on counter-terrorism; and a leadership programme for young professionals from Afghanistan to Bosnia, run with Oxford University. Previously she served as Senior Director at the East-West Institute (EWI), heading up their conflict resolution and transitions work. Sasha chairs the intergovernmental Policy Planners’ Network on counter-radicalization, and co-chairs the EU’s Internet Radicalization working group. She is on the board of Sisters Against Violent Extremism (SAVE), is a member of the European Council on Foreign Relations, and is a regular commentator on the BBC, Channel 4 News, Radio 4, and other networks. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Bruce Heyman
Bruce Heyman
United States Ambassador to Canada, the Embassy of the United States in Ottawa

Bruce Heyman presented his letter of credence to the Governor General of Canada on April 8, 2014, having been confirmed as President Obama’s personal representative to Canada and sworn in on March 26, 2014. He is a 33-year veteran of Goldman Sachs, where he served as a regional managing director of the Midwest private wealth management group, which covers 13 states and half of Canada, from 1999 until 2013. Mr. Heyman has served as a board member for the Chicago Council on Global Affairs and the Northwestern Memorial Hospital Foundation. He also served as an advisor to the Fix the Debt CEO Council of the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget. He has been a member of the Economic Club of Chicago, the Executives’ Club of Chicago, and the Facing History and Ourselves Chicago Advisory Board. A magna cum laude graduate with both a B.A. and an M.B.A. from Vanderbilt University, Mr. Heyman is past president of the Alumni Board and a former member of the Board of Visitors at the Owen Graduate School of Management. He is married to the former Vicki Simons of Ashland, Kentucky. They have three grown children, David, Liza, and Caroline, and two grandchildren, Emma and Clara.

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Michelle Howard
Michelle Howard
Vice Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy

Admiral Michelle Howard currently serves as the 38th Vice Chief of Naval Operations. On July 1, 2014, she made US Navy history as the first female promoted to the rank of four-star admiral and the first African-American woman to attain a four-star rank in the history of the Department of Defense. On March 12, 1999 she took command of USS Rushmore becoming the first African American woman to command a ship in the US Navy. She has made numerous shipboard deployments. She supported operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm in the Arabian Gulf, Operation Joint Endeavor in the Adriatic, and conducted operations and training with the naval services of seven African nations off the coast of Western Africa. As commander of Amphibious Squadron Seven, she conducted tsunami relief efforts in Indonesia and maritime security operations in the North Arabian Gulf. She also commanded Expeditionary Strike Group Two and Task Force 151, a multi-national counter-piracy effort in the US Central Command theater.

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Heather Hurlburt
Heather Hurlburt
Director, New Models of Policy Change Project, New America

Ms. Heather Hurlburt directs the New Models of Policy Change project at New America in Washington. Previously, she was the Executive Director of the National Security Network. From 1995-2001, she served in the Clinton Administration as special assistant and speechwriter to the President, speechwriter for Secretaries of State Albright, and Christopher, and member of the State Department’s Policy Planning staff. Ms. Hurlburt has also worked for Human Rights First, the International Crisis Group, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the Congressional Helsinki Commission. She is a frequent media commentator and co-hosts the monthly #Drezburt security program for bloggingheads.tv. Ms. Hurlburt holds a B.A. from Brown University and M.A. from the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Toomas Hendrik Ilves
President, Republic of Estonia

Toomas Hendrik Ilves was born to an Estonian family living in Stockholm, Sweden in 1953. He graduated from Columbia University and went on to receive his M.A. in Psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. From 1993 to 1996, Mr. Ilves served as the Ambassador of the Republic of Estonia to the United States and Canada. Upon returning to Europe, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the North Atlantic Institute, and he went on to be elected a Member of the Estonian Parliament and a Member of the European Parliament, where he was vice-president of the Foreign Affairs Committee. In 2006, Mr. Ilves was elected President of the Republic of Estonia and re-elected for a second term in 2011. During his time in office, President Ilves has served as Chairman of the EU Task Force on eHealth and Chairman of the European Cloud Partnership Steering Board. With a long-standing interest in programming, he has promoted Estonia’s IT-development since the country restored its independence. President Ilves has spoken and written extensively at integration, transatlantic relations, e-government, cyber security, and other related topics. He is married and has a son and two daughters.

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Bruce Jackson
Bruce Jackson
Founder and President, Project on Transitional Democracies

Mr. Bruce Jackson is the Founder and President of the Project on Transitional Democracies, a multi-year endeavor aimed at accelerating the pace of reform in post-1989 democracies and advancing the date for the integration of these democracies into the institutions of the Euro-Atlantic. From 1979 to 1990, Mr. Jackson served in the United States Army as a military intelligence officer. He also worked in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and served as Vice President for Strategy and Planning at Lockheed Martin Corporation. Mr. Jackson also served as President of the US Committee on NATO. He has been recognized for his work on democratic change and European integration by numerous governments and has written extensively on the engagement of Russia and Eastern European democracies by the EU and the US.

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Charles Jacoby
Charles Jacoby
Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command and United States Northern Command

General Charles H. Jacoby, Jr. is the Commander of North American Aerospace Defense Command and United States Northern Command, headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. A 1978 West Point graduate, he holds an M.A. in History from the University of Michigan. He has commanded at the platoon, company, battalion, joint task force, corps, and US Army Alaska levels, as well as being the Commanding General, Multi-National Corps–Iraq, and Deputy Commanding General, Combined Joint Task Force-76, and Operation ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan. Prior to his current assignment, General Jacoby was Director, Strategic Plans and Policy (J5), The Joint Staff, Pentagon.

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Tim Kaine
Tim Kaine
Senator, United States

Tim Kaine is a US Senator from the Commonwealth of Virginia. Kaine, a member of the Armed Services Committee and Chairman of the Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs, has actively shaped US national security policy since joining the Senate. Kaine has also emerged as a leader on the issue of war powers, launching a bipartisan effort with Senator John McCain to reform the 1973 War Powers Resolution that clearly defines Congress’s role in decisions of war. Kaine began his public service career by taking a year off from law school to work with Jesuit missionaries in Honduras. Kaine entered political life in 1994, serving as a Councilman and then Mayor of Richmond, Virginia until 2001. Kaine was elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 2001 and Virginia’s 70th Governor in 2005. Last year, Kaine helped lead the US Congressional delegation to the 2013 Halifax International Security Forum.

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Mikhail Kasyanov
Mikhail Kasyanov
Former Prime Minister of Russia; Co-Leader, Republican Party of People's Freedom

Mikhail Kasyanov, Prime Minister of Russia in 2000-2004, is one of Russia’s democratic opposition leaders, Co-Leader of the Republican Party of People’s Freedom (PARNAS). The party has been initiating massive protests against lawlessness, corruption, and Putin’s aggression in Ukraine. As Prime Minister, Kasyanov’s cabinet launched comprehensive structural reforms and implemented systemic transformation measures. Kasyanov was a candidate for president in 2008, but was denied participation on political grounds. Having been elected political leader of People’s Democratic Union Party (PDU), in 2006 and 2007 Kasyanov initiated and led Marches of Dissenters, the first large protests against anti-democratic drift in Russia. Prior to serving as Prime Minister, Kasyanov served as Finance Minister, Deputy Finance Minister, and Head of the External Debt Department. His time as Finance Minister saw Russia’s first non-deficit budget.

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John Kelly
John Kelly
Commander, United States Southern Command; Representative, Commandant of the Marine Corps

General John Kelly was born and raised in Boston, MA. He enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1970 and was discharged as a sergeant in 1972. Following graduation from the University of Massachusetts in 1976, he was commissioned and served in command positions from platoon through Marine Expeditionary Force. He also served as the Commandant’s Liaison Officer to the US House of Representatives, Special Assistant to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, and the Legislative Assistant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps. As Commanding General of First Marine Expeditionary Force (FWD), he led Multinational Force-West in Al Anbar and western Nineveh provinces of Iraq. General Kelly most recently served as the Senior Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Secretaries Robert Gates and Leon Panetta, before taking command of United States Southern Command in November 2012.

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Roderich Kiesewetter
Roderich Kiesewetter
Member of Bundestag, Germany

Mr. Roderich Kiesewetter is an elected Member of the German Bundestag from the constituency Aalen-Heidenheim in Baden-Württemberg. He is the Representative of the CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group on the Committee of Foreign Affairs and on the Committee of Inquiry regarding the surveillance of German citizens by the US National Security Agency (NSA) as well as the President of the Reserve Association. Mr. Kiesewetter, a retired Colonel (German Army), studied economics in Munich and Austin, Texas, and underwent general staff officers’ training at the Bundeswehr Command and Staff College from 1995 to 1997. His professional career has involved various command and staff positions, including at the EU Council in Brussels, NATO HQ in Brussels and Mons, the German Federal Ministry of Defense, the position of battalion commander, and several operations abroad. From 2006 onwards he served as head of the Chief of Staff’s office (Executive Offices) at NATO Headquarters in Mons.

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Suat Kınıklıoğlu
Suat Kınıklıoğlu
Visiting Senior Fellow, Center for American Progress

Mr. Suat Kınıklıoğlu is Visiting Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress in Washington. Mr. Kınıklıoğlu is also a columnist for Today’s Zaman and Radikal in Turkey. In 2014 he managed the local election campaign of CHP Ankara mayoral candidate, Mansur Yavas. From 2007 to 2011, he served as a Member of Parliament. Mr. Kınıklıoğlu was spokesman of the Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee and chairman of the Turkey-US Inter-Parliamentary Friendship Group. He was founding director of the German Marshall Fund office in Ankara. Mr. Kınıklıoğlu began his career as liaison officer in the Turkish Air Force in 1986. He earned a B.Sc. in Electronics from the Turkish Air Force Academy, a B.A. in Political Science from Carleton University in Canada, and a M.A. in International Relations from Bilkent University in Ankara.

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Adam Kinzinger
Adam Kinzinger
Representative, United States

Adam Kinzinger was first sworn into the United States House of Representatives in January 2011. He serves as the Representative for the Sixteenth Congressional District of Illinois and was appointed to the Energy and Commerce Committee as well as the Foreign Affairs Committee. Kinzinger also serves as a Deputy Republican Whip. At the age of 34, Kinzinger is one of the youngest Members of Congress and was named on of Time Magazine’s 40 under 40 “Rising stars in American Politics.” Kinzinger became active in his community early on. As a 20-year old sophomore at Illinois State University (ISU), he challenged a three-term incumbent for the McLean Country Board. Kinzinger advocated for restoring local government back into the hands of the people and won a seat on the board, becoming one of the youngest board members in McLean County history. After serving on the McLean County Board for five years, Kinzinger joined the United States Air Force. He currently holds the rank of Major. 

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Rachel Kleinfeld
Rachel Kleinfeld
Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; President Emeritus, Truman National Security Project

Dr. Rachel Kleinfeld is a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she works on issues of security and governance in post-conflict, transitioning, corrupt, or violent states. She served as the founding CEO of the Truman National Security Project from 2004 through 2012. Rachel has consulted for the World Bank, the EU, and multiple government agencies, international organizations, and private foundations. In 2011, Secretary Hillary Clinton appointed her to the Foreign Affairs Policy Board, the advisory body to the US Secretary of State, on which she served until 2014. Rachel authored Advancing Rule of Law Reform Abroad: Next Generation Reform, which Foreign Affairs named one of the best foreign policy books of 2012, and co-authored Let There Be Light: A Market-Based Solution to Electrifying the Developing World. She received her B.A. from Yale University and her M. Phil and D. Phil in International Relations from St. Antony’s College, Oxford, which she attended as a Rhodes Scholar. She was born and raised in a log house on a dirt road in her beloved Fairbanks, Alaska. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Kathleen Koch
Kathleen Koch
Author, Journalist, and Founder of LeadersLink

Ms. Kathleen Koch is a Washington-based author, speaker, moderator, freelance journalist, and founder and executive director of LeadersLink, the first non-profit to harness and share elected officials’ disaster lessons learned to help communities better prevent, prepare for, and recover from similar crises. Koch developed her expertise while covering numerous disasters for CNN including Hurricane Katrina. She anchored two prize-winning documentaries on the recovery of her hometown, Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, and recorded its journey in a best-selling book, Rising from Katrina, which was named Best Non-fiction in the Southeast Region in the 2011 Independent Publisher Book Awards. For 18 years, Koch was a CNN Washington correspondent specializing in aviation reporting and covering the Pentagon, White House, and Capitol Hill where she received multiple awards including the Peabody. Koch currently writes op-eds for publications including CNN.com, USA Today, and U.S. News & World Report.

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David J. Kramer
David J. Kramer
Senior Director for Human Rights and Democracy, The McCain Institute for International Leadership

Mr. David J. Kramer has attended the Forum since 2009, most recently as Senior Director for Human Rights and Democracy at The McCain Institute for International Leadership, part of Arizona State University. Mr. Kramer served as the President of Freedom House from 2010 to 2014. Prior to joining Freedom House, Mr. Kramer was a Senior Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States. Before joining GMF, Mr. Kramer served as Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor from 2008 to 2009. He also was a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, responsible for Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus affairs as well as regional non-proliferation issues. Previously, he served as a Professional Staff Member in the Secretary of State’s Office of Policy Planning. Mr. Kramer has also served as an Adjunct Professor at the Elliott School for International Affairs at The George Washington University. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Halifax International Security Forum.

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Karin Landgren
Karin Landgren
Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Liberia

Appointed as Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) to the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), Ms. Landgren assumes her duties in Monrovia on July 20, 2012. Previously, Ms. Landgren was the Special Representative of the Secretary-General to Burundi and Head of the United Nations Mission in Burundi. Until January 2011, she served as Representative of the Secretary-General to Nepal, where she oversaw the implementation of the mandate and eventual closure of the special political mission. Ms. Landgren worked extensively on humanitarian and refugee issues as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Eritrea and Singapore, and during postings to India and the Philippines, before serving as the Organization’s legal adviser in 1994-1998.  Between 1998 and 2008, she served as the first head of child protection for the United Nations Children’s Fund. Ms. Landgren has published and lectured on post-conflict, humanitarian, refugee, and child-protection issues, and holds a B.S. (Economics) in international relations and a master’s degree in international law (LL.M.) from the London School of Economics.  

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Thomas Lawson
Thomas Lawson
Chief of Defence Staff, Canadian Forces, Canada

General Thomas J. Lawson was appointed the Canadian Forces’ Chief of the Defence Staff in October 2012. Previously, he was posted to Peter- son Air Force Base, Colorado, where he assumed responsibility as the deputy commander North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). In 2009, he was appointed Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. In May 2007, he was appointed Commandant of the Royal Military College in Kingston. In 2006, he completed a year as a Wing Commander before being promoted to Brigadier-General. General Lawson joined the CF Transformation Team in 2005 where he led the stand-up of the Strategic Joint Staff organization. He has held numerous other positions within the Royal Canadian Air Force. General Lawson has a M.A. in Public Administration from Auburn University and an electrical engineering degree from the Royal Military College of Canada.

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Paul J. LeBlanc
Paul J. LeBlanc
President, Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency

Mr. Paul J. LeBlanc assumed the responsibilities of president of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA) on November 15, 2010. Mr. LeBlanc joined ACOA in 1987 to support the newly created Agency as Director General of Human Resources. Over the years, he has held numerous positions with the Agency, including Director General, Development (entrepreneurship, tourism, and trade); Corporate Secretary; Vice-President, Prince Edward Island; Vice-President, Finance and Corporate Services; and Senior Vice-President, Policy and Programs. Mr. LeBlanc left ACOA in September 2004 to join the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, where he held the position of Senior Assistant Deputy Minister of Socio-Economic Policy and Regional Operations. He rejoined ACOA in September 2006 as Executive Vice President. Mr. LeBlanc was educated at Université de Moncton, where he completed bachelor’s degrees in psychology and social work and a MBA. 

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Natalia Loukacheva
Natalia Loukacheva
Canada Research Chair, Aboriginal Governance and Law, University of Northern British Columbia

Natalia Loukacheva Ph.D., S.J.D., is Canada Research Chair in ‘Aboriginal Governance and Law’ and Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Northern British Columbia. She was a Research Associate at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto (2004-2013); the first visiting Fridtjof Nansen Professor of Arctic Studies, University of Akureyri, (Norway-Iceland initiative of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, 2013). She is also an Adjunct Professor at Osgoode Hall Law School LL.M. program on energy and infrastructure, York University, a Research Fellow with the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute and Associate Scientist with Stefansson Arctic Institute. She was the founding Director of the Graduate Polar Law Program and taught Polar law at the University of Akureyri (2008-10). Dr. Loukacheva is the author of numerous publications on legal and political issues in the Arctic, Polar law, Indigenous Peoples’ rights and governance in the North.

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Gal Luft
Gal Luft
Co-Director, Institute for the Analysis of Global Security

Dr. Gal Luft is co-director of the Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS) a Washington-based think tank focused on energy security. He is an adviser to the United States Energy Security Council and Co-chairman of the Global Forum on Energy Security in Beijing. He specializes in strategy, geopolitics, energy security, cyber security, and natural resources. Newsweek Magazine called him a “tireless and independent advocate of energy security,” the business magazine Poder called him “one of the most recognizable figures in modern energy and security issues,” and Esquire Magazine included him in its list of America’s Best and Brightest. Dr. Luft has published numerous studies and articles on security and energy issues in various newspapers and numerous publications. He is co-author of Energy Security Challenges for the 21st Century (2009), Turning Oil into Salt: Energy Independence Through Fuel Choice (2009), and Petropoly: The Collapse of America’s Energy Security Paradigm (2012). He is author of Beer, Bacon and Bullets: Culture in Coalition Warfare from Gallipoli to Iraq. He appears frequently in the media and consults to various think tanks and news organizations world-wide. Dr. Luft holds degrees in international relations, inter- national economics, and strategic studies and a doctorate in strategic studies from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University.

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Peter MacKay
Peter MacKay
Minister of Justice and Attorney General, Department of Justice, Canada

Peter MacKay was born in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. After graduating from Acadia University, he studied law at Dalhousie University and was called to the Nova Scotia Bar in June 1991. Mr. MacKay opened a private law practice in New Glasgow, specializing in criminal and family law. In 1993, he accepted an appointment as Crown Attorney for the Central Region of Nova Scotia. Peter MacKay was first elected to Parliament in 1997. In his first five years, he served as House Leader for the Progressive Conservative (PC) caucus. On May 31, 2003, he became Leader of the PC Party of Canada. In 2004, he was named Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. In July 2013, Mr. MacKay was appointed Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. Previously, he was Minister of National Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. Mr. MacKay has been a philanthropist and advocate for numerous charitable organizations, including Big Brothers Big Sisters Canada and Right to Play. He is married to international human rights activist and founder of Stop Child Executions, Mrs. Nazanin Afshin-Jam-Mackay. They have a beautiful baby boy, Kian Alexander.

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Scott Malcomson
Scott Malcomson
Director of Communications, International Crisis Group

Over three decades, Scott Malcomson worked as a reporter and editor in both alternative and mainstream journalism, focused mainly on foreign coverage including in Central and South America, the Caribbean, Africa, Central Asia, and throughout Europe. He was foreign editor of the New York Times Magazine from 2004 to 2011 and edited foreign-affairs Op-Eds for the Times in 2001-2. He has been an official at the UN and the US State Department, and is now Director of Communications at International Crisis Group. Malcomson is the author of Tuturani (1990) on the central and south Pacific island states as they entered the postcolonial period; Empire’s Edge (1993) on Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, and Uzbekistan after the Cold War; One Drop of Blood (2000), an award-winning history of race in America; and Generation’s End (2010), a memoir of American foreign policy in the period from 9/11 to the UN mission bombing in Baghdad. 

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Pippa Malmgren
Pippa Malmgren
Founder, DRPM Group

Dr. Pippa Malmgren runs DRPM Group, which advises institutional investors worldwide about the risks they can’t quantify easily: politics, policy, and geopolitics. She served in the White House and on the National Economic Council (NEC) and helped negotiate the Patriot Act and Sarbanes Oxley. After 9/11, she managed terrorism risks to the economy on the NEC. She ran strategy for UBS and was the Chief Currency Strategist at Bankers Trust. Pippa is a guest anchor on both Bloomberg and CNBC. She serves on advisory boards at MIT, Indiana University, the Ditchley Foundation and participates in the British Ministry of Defence working group on Global Strategic Trends. She will soon release two new books: Signals in 2014 and in 2015 Geopolitics for Investors for the CFA. Her M.Sc. and Ph.D. are from the London School of Economics.

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Bill McCaffrey
Bill McCaffrey
President and Chief Executive Officer, MEG Energy Corporation

Bill McCaffrey is the Founder, President, and CEO of MEG Energy Corp, which was formed in 1999. Under his leadership, in just 10 years MEG grew to become one of the largest private oil and gas companies in Canada, focused on bitumen development and production. Independent reservoir engineers estimate that MEG has 2.96 billion barrels of proved and probable reserves and 3.7 billion barrels of contingent resources. If the categories were combined, this would be roughly equivalent to 24% of total US proven oil reserves. The company went public with an IPO in August 2010, is currently producing over 70,000 barrels per day, and is working on plans to grow bitumen production capacity to over 100,000 barrels per day in 2017. Corporate assets include ownership of major pipeline and tank terminal infrastructure linking its bitumen leases to key energy hubs in Edmonton, Alberta and beyond. To fund its growth, MEG has raised more than $8.0 billion in equity and debt in the last ten years. In 2006 MEG received the E&P sector’s “Deal of the Year” for the company’s innovative institutional Term Loan B debt transaction. In 2010, Oilsands Review Magazine awarded MEG the Producer of the Year award, and MEG’s public offering was awarded IPO of the year.

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John McCain
John McCain
Senator, United States

The Honorable John McCain is a Republican Senator of the state of Arizona. He was first elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986. Senator McCain attended college at the United States Naval Academy and launched a 22-year career as a naval aviator upon his graduation. Senator McCain’s last Navy duty assignment was to serve as the naval liaison to the United States Senate. He retired from the Navy in 1981. His naval honors include the Silver Star, Bronze Star, Legion of Merit, Purple Heart, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. In 1982, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona, serving until his election to the U.S. Senate. Senator McCain is currently the ranking member on the Senate Armed Services Committee. He also serves on the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions; Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; and the Committee on Indian Affairs.

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Jeanne Meserve
Jeanne Meserve
Senior Fellow, Homeland Security Policy Institute, George Washington University

Ms. Jeanne Meserve has been an anchor and correspondent for CNN and ABC News, winning two Emmy Awards, a Peabody Award, and an Edward R. Murrow Award. As Director of Training for The Communication Center she now travels the world providing executive coaching to clients from top corporations, government, educational institutions, and non-profit organizations. Meserve also moderates interviews and policy debates for the World Health Organization, the Aspen Institute, and other academic and policy groups. She continues to do voiceover and on camera work, and is a Senior Fellow at the George Washington University Homeland Security Policy Institute and a member of the Aspen Institute Homeland Security Advisory Committee. A graduate of Middlebury College, Meserve is a recipient of the college’s Alumni Achievement Award. Find her on Twitter: @JeanneMeserve.

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Vladimir Milov
Vladimir Milov
President, Institute of Energy Policy

Mr. Vladimir Milov is a Russian opposition politician, publicist, economist, and energy expert. He is the former Deputy Minister of Energy of Russia (2002) and author of major energy reform concepts, including the concept of market restructuring and unbundling of Gazprom, which was banned from implementation by President Vladimir Putin. Mr. Milov is also founder and president of the Institute of Energy Policy, a leading independent energy policy think tank (since 2003). He is a columnist for major Russian political and business editions, including Vedomosti, Gazeta.Ru, and Forbes Russia. Since 2008, Mr. Milov had joined Russian opposition politics, writing a critical report on the first eight years of Vladimir Putin’s presidency titled Putin: The Results. He is the leader of the ‘Democratic Choice’ opposition party.

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Saad Mohseni
Saad Mohseni
Chairman and CEO, Moby Group

Saad Mohseni is Chairman and Chief Executive of MOBY Group. Established in 2002 by Saad and his siblings, MOBY Group is a leading media and entertainment company with a focus on emerging markets in South and Central Asia, the Middle East, and beyond. Prior to establishing MOBY Group, Saad headed the equities and corporate finance division at one of Australia’s leading investment banks.   He was born in England where his father was serving as an Afghan diplomat, and spent his early years in Kabul, Islamabad, and Tokyo before immigrating to Melbourne, Australia. Saad served as an Economic Advisor to the Afghan government from 2002 to 2004, where he assisted in the development of the Afghan Investment Support Agency, Industrial Parks Commission, and the High Commission for Investment. In 2011, Time Magazine recognized him as one of the 100 Most Influential People in the world, citing his impact as a shaper of public opinion in Afghanistan through open criticism of the government and challenging of social conventions ingrained by years of Taliban rule. In 2013, Foreign Policy magazine recognized him as one of their 100 Global Thinkers.

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Pauline Neville-Jones
Pauline Neville-Jones
Chairman, Cyber Security Advisory Panel to the Bank of England

Baroness Pauline Neville-Jones is a member of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and Chairman of the Advisory Panel to the Bank of England on Cyber Security. From 2010 to 2011 she was Minister of State in the Home Office responsible for Security and Counter terrorism and a member of the National Security Council. On stepping down from government she became the Prime Minister’s Special Representative to Business on Cyber Security until March 2014. Pauline has a background in government and the private sector. She was a career member of the Diplomatic Service from 1963 to 1996 during which time she was Head of the Foreign Affairs and Defence Secretariat in the Cabinet Office, Chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee, Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet. Among other places, she served in Washington, DC, the European Commission (as Chef de Cabinet to a British Commissioner), and Germany. As Political Director in the FCO, she led the UK delegation to the Dayton Peace negotiations on Bosnia. She became Managing Director for business development at NatWest Markets, the investment banking arm of the NatWest Group in 1996 and non executive Chairman of the defence technology group, QinetiQ, from 2004 to 2007. She was a Governor of the BBC from 1997 to 2004. She became David Cameron’s National Security Adviser in opposition from 2007-2010, and was responsible for the creation of the National Security Council.

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Rob Nicholson
Rob Nicholson
Minister of National Defence, Department of National Defence, Canada

Minister Rob Nicholson serves as the Member of Parliament for Niagara Falls. He was first elected in 1984 and re-elected in 1988, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2011. In July 2013, Mr. Nicholson was named Minister of National Defence. Previously, he was appointed Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister for Democratic Reform and Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. During his first term in Parliament, Mr. Nicholson served as Minister for Science and Minister responsible for Small Business, as well as Parliamentary Secretary to the Leader of the Government and Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. Mr. Nicholson holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Queen’s University and a law degree from the University of Windsor. A lifelong resident of Niagara Falls, he practiced law and was involved in municipal politics. Mr. Nicholson is married to Arlene and is the father of three children.

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Masashi Nishihara
Masashi Nishihara
President, Research Institute for Peace and Security

Masashi Nishihara is President of the Research Institute for Peace and Security. Previously, he served as President of the National Defense Academy, where he was a Professor of International Relations. Among others, Nishihara is a member of the Trilateral Commission and a member of the Experts and Eminent Persons Group under the ASEAN Regional Forum. He served on Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi’s task force on external relations and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s experts panel on the establishment of a national security council. Nishihara has published extensively on Japanese foreign and security policy issues. He has obtained his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Michigan.

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Natalie Nougayrede
Natalie Nougayrede
Foreign Affairs Columnist, Member of the Editorial Board, The Guardian

Natalie Nougayrède, 48 years old, is a member of The Guardian’s Editorial board, a columnist and Foreign Affairs commentator. She was previously Executive Editor of Le Monde. A former foreign correspondent (Moscow) and diplomatic correspondent for Le Monde, she has covered international security issues and the post-Soviet transitions since the 1990s.

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Tolu Ogunlesi
Tolu Ogunlesi
West Africa Editor, The Africa Report

Tolu Ogunlesi is a Nigerian journalist and blogger, and West Africa Editor at The Africa Report. Between 2009 and 2011 he was Features Editor and Editorial Board member at NEXT newspaper, and, since 2013, a weekly columnist for Daily Punch. He is a regular contributor to Al Jazeera, CNN, the London Guardian, and Financial Times, among others. He is a two-time winner of the CNN Multi-choice African Journalism Awards, for Arts & Culture (2009), and Business & Economics (2013); and a 2013 Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Creative Arts Fellow. He lives in Lagos, Nigeria, and tweets from @toluogunlesi

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Japheth Omojuwa
Japheth Omojuwa
Editor, AfricanLiberty.org

Japheth Joshua ‘JJ’ Omojuwa is an international public speaker, social media expert, blogger, socio-economic and political commentator, and columnist for two of Nigeria’s most respected newspapers, The Punch and Leadership Newspapers. His blog, Omojuwa.com is Nigeria’s political blog of the year. JJ recently concluded a six-month stint as a lecturer (on Africa: Democratic prospects and challenges) at Free University of Berlin. JJ was ranked 29th of 100 Most Influential Black People on Digital/Social Mediain April 2014 alongside Barack Obama, Beyonce, Oprah Winfrey amongst others. JJ is a well sought after international speaker and has graced platforms from Rio to Berlin, Cape Town to New York, including several Universities around the world. He participated as a panelist at a side event during the 2013 United Nations General Assembly. JJ has over 156,000 followers on Twitter with over 6,000 new followers every week. His tweets reach over one million people every day. 

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Jacqueline O’Neill
Jacqueline O’Neill
Director, The Institute for Inclusive Security

Ms. Jacqueline O’Neill co-leads The Institute for Inclusive Security, an organization that increases the inclusion of women in peace and security processes around the world. She oversees policy, training, research, and regional programs. With a focus on strengthening security sector reform and assistance through the inclusion of women from affected communities, Ms. O’Neill consults regularly with NATO, UN, OSCE, and other organizations, as well as with national police and military forces. Before joining Inclusive Security in 2006, she was concurrently at the UN Mission in Sudan and at Khartoum’s Ahfad University for Women. Previously, Ms. O’Neill was a policy adviser to Canada’s Secretary of State for Asia-Pacific. Along with former Lt. General Roméo Dallaire, she helped found an initiative to address the issue of child soldiers. She has a bachelor’s degree from the University of Alberta and a master’s degree from Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Dixon Osburn
Dixon Osburn
Executive Director, Center for Justice and Accountability

Mr. Dixon Osburn is the Executive Director of the Center for Justice and Accountability, the leading US-based organization pursuing international human rights abusers through litigation. Mr. Osburn served as the Director of Law and Security at Human Rights First from 2010 until this spring, where he led efforts to end counterterrorism policies that violate the rule of law, including unlawful detention at Guantanamo, the lethal targeting by drone of suspected terrorists outside the laws of armed conflict, and the use of torture. He currently serves as an Adjunct Fellow at the American Security Project. Previously, Mr. Osburn co-founded and served as Executive Director of Servicemembers Legal Defense Network that spearheaded the repeal of ‘Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell.’ Mr. Osburn has published extensively and has served as a national spokesperson in print, on radio, and on television. He received his J.D./M.B.A. from Georgetown University and a B.A. with distinction from Stanford University. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Jean-Paul Paloméros
Jean-Paul Paloméros
Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

General Jean-Paul Paloméros was confirmed by the North Atlantic Council as Supreme Allied Commander Transformation in August 2012. From 2009 to 2012, General Paloméros served as Air Force Chief of Staff. In 2005, he was appointed Vice-Chief of Staff of the French Air Force, where he implemented a new organization named “Air 2010.” Throughout his career he acquired extensive experience both as an operational commander and as a fighter pilot, having flown 82 combat missions and more than 3,500 flying hours. General Paloméros graduated from the Royal Air Force Staff College in 1993 where he was awarded the Curtis Prize by the Chief of the Air Staff of Great Britain. He joined the French Air Force Academy in 1973 and qualified as a fighter pilot in 1976. He was awarded the rank of Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honor and is an Officer of the National Order of Merit, in addition to holding the Aeronautical Medal.

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Bob Paulson
Bob Paulson
Commissioner, Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Commissioner Bob Paulson joined the RCMP in 1986 in Chilliwack, British Columbia. Prior to joining the RCMP, Commissioner Paulson served for almost seven years in the Canadian Armed Forces. From 1986 to 2005, Commissioner Paulson policed in various locations in British Columbia at the municipal, provincial and federal policing levels. This included work related to unsolved homicides, aboriginal and community policing, and investigating organized crime. In 2005, Commissioner Paulson transferred to National Headquarters in Ottawa, where he served in Major and Organized Crime Intelligence Branch and National Security Criminal Operations. In November 2008, he was promoted to Assistant Commissioner, National Security Criminal Investigations and then Assistant Commissioner, Contract and Aboriginal Policing Services. In November 2010, he was appointed Deputy Commissioner, Federal Policing. Commissioner Paulson became the 23rd Commissioner of the RCMP on November 21, 2011. In November of 2012, Commissioner Paulson was elected to the Executive Committee of Interpol as the Delegate for the Americas. He has two sons and two daughters. Commissioner Paulson and his wife Ms. Erin O’Gorman reside in Ottawa.

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Petr Pavel
Petr Pavel
Chief of Defense, Czech Armed Forces

General Petr Pavel was born November 1, 1961 in Planá, Czech Republic. A graduate of the Military Secondary School and College, his academic background includes Staff College in Camberley, Royal College of Defense Studies, and King’s College in London. General Pavel began his military career in 1983 as platoon leader, company, and battalion commander. In 1990, he served with Military Intelligence, was commander of Special Forces Brigade in 1997-99, and then served in postings in Belgium, Netherlands and the United States. In 2002-07, he was Special Forces Commander, Deputy Joint Force Commander, and Deputy Director of Minister of Defense Force Development – Operations Division. In 2007-09, he served as Czech Deputy Military Representative in the EU and Czech National Military Representative at SHAPE in 2010-11. General Pavel served in the United Nations Protection Force in 1992-93; in 2003, he was national military representative at US Central Command in Florida and in Qatar for Operation Enduring Freedom. General Pavel was appointed Chief of Defense by the President of the Czech Republic on June 29, 2012.

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Milica Pejanovic-Djurisic
Milica Pejanovic-Djurisic
Minister of Defense, Ministry of Defense, Montenegro

Dr. Milica Pejanovic-Djurisic graduated from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering (Podgorica) and obtained her master’s degree and Ph.D. in telecommunications from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering (Belgrade). Dr. Pejanovic-Djurisic speaks English, French, and Italian. She is married and has two sons. The social and political engagements of Dr. Pejanovic-Djurisic include serving as a member of the Presidency of the Republic of Montenegro in the first direct elections in (1990-92); a Member of Parliament (1992-2001); Vice-president (1992-97) and President (1997-98) of the Democratic Party of Socialists; ambassador of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (2004-06); and ambassador of Montenegro to France, the Principality of Monaco and UNESCO (2007-10). She was appointed Minister of Defense on March 13, 2012.

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David Perkins
David Perkins
Commanding General, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command

General David G. Perkins commands the US Army Training and Doctrine Command and is responsible for selecting and recruiting every US Army soldier, training and educating Army professionals, and designing the future US Army. His numerous senior leadership positions include Special Assistant to the Speaker of the House, 104th US Congress; Battalion Commander during Operation Able Sentry; Brigade Commander for the invasion of Iraq; Executive Assistant to the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and Division Commander during the transition of U.S. Forces from Iraq in 2010-2011. General Perkins commanded the US Army’s premier education and leader development institution at Fort Leavenworth, responsible for managing training development and support, developing US Army doctrine, and synchronizing leader development. A native of New Hampshire, he graduated from the US Military Academy, holds a master’s degree in mechanical engineering as well as a master’s degree in national security and strategic studies.

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Tom Perriello
Tom Perriello
Special Representative, Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review, United States Department of State

Mr. Perriello was elected to the US House of Representatives from Virginia’s Fifth District. He served on the Veterans Affairs Committee and received distinguished marks from the Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans Association. He was a founding member of Leader Hoyer’s National Security Working Group, and received the Truman National Security Project’s annual award for wise leadership on foreign policy. Tom Perriello is the Special Representative for the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review, appointed by Secretary of State John Kerry in February 2014. Mr. Perriello previously served as a Congressman from Virginia, Special Advisor to the Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, a conflict analyst, and CEO of Center for American Progress Action. He has worked and conducted research in a dozen countries and taught courses on transitional justice. Outside of government, Mr. Perriello has co-founded and managed justice entrepreneurship platforms and faith-based organizations advancing human rights, poverty reduction, and sustainability. He supported the peace processes in Sierra Leone and Darfur and has conducted periodic research in Afghanistan on justice and security. He is from Charlottesville, VA and is a graduate of Yale College and Yale Law School.

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J. Peter Pham
J. Peter Pham
Director, Africa Center, Atlantic Council

J. Peter Pham is the Director of the Atlantic Council’s Africa Center. He is also the incumbent vice president of the Association for the Study of the Middle East and Africa (ASMEA), and is Editor-in-Chief of ASMEA’s Journal of the Middle East and Africa. Pham was previously Senior Vice President of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy, and Editor of its bimonthly journal, American Foreign Policy Interests. He was also a tenured Associate Professor of justice studies, political science, and Africana studies at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia, where he was Director of the Nelson Institute for International and Public Affairs. Pham is the author of more than 300 essays and reviews and the author, editor, or translator of over a dozen books, most recently, Somalia: How to Fix Africa’ Most Failed State (Tafelberg, 2013), co-authored with Greg Mills and David Kilcullen. He has served on the Senior Advisory Group of the US Africa Command.

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Ilya Ponomarev
Ilya Ponomarev
MP; Chairman, Innovations and Venture Capital Subcommittee, Russian Parliament - State Duma

Ilya Ponomarev has more than 20 years of prominent political stance, complemented with international operational and investment experience working in high technology industries with primary focus on IT and energy. Currently Ilya is an opposition member of Russian Parliament – State Duma, Social Democrat representing Novosibirsk – the capital of Siberia, and is chairing Innovations and Venture Capital (formerly Hi-Tech development) subcommittee, introducing legislation to support emerging innovation economy in Russia. In May 2014 Ilya Ponomarev was named Counsellor for Strategic Development and Investments for city of Novosibirsk, the largest municipality in Russia. Ilya Ponomarev holds BSc in Physics from Moscow State University and Master of Public Administration from Russian State Social University. Until late 2013 Ilya Ponomarev was member of Central Committee, Political Party “Fair Russia” (Social Democrats); at the beginning of 2014 took part in formation of new political party “Alliance of Greens and Social-Democrats.”

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Mike Pompeo
Mike Pompeo
Member of the House of Representatives, United States

Congressman Mike Pompeo is a second term congressman from the 4th District. As a teenager, he enrolled at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He graduated first in his class from West Point in 1986 and then served as a cavalry officer patrolling the Iron Curtain before the fall of the Berlin Wall. He also served with the 2nd Squadron, 7th Cavalry in the Fourth Infantry Division. After earning a law degree, Mike returned to his mother’s family roots in South Central Kansas and founded Thayer Aerospace, where he served as CEO for more than a decade. He then became President of Sentry International. Mike serves on two major committees: Energy and Commerce and the House Intelligence Committee. In Congress, Mike has focused on freeing private enterprise to succeed as well as defending our individual Constitutional rights.  Mike has been at the center of debates regarding fiscal responsibility and halting regulatory overreach, particularly with respect to production agriculture, and reducing the imposition of burdens on entrepreneurs and small businesses. Mike and his wife Susan have been active leaders in the community and are both involved in many activities in support of Susan’s alma mater, Wichita State University.

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Michael Rogers
Michael Rogers
Commander, United States Cyber Command; Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Agency

Admiral Mike Rogers assumed his present duties as Commander, US Cyber Command and Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service in April 2014. Since becoming a flag officer in 2007, Rogers served as the Director for Intelligence for both the Joint Chiefs of Staff and US Pacific Command, and most recently as Commander, US Fleet Cyber Command/US TENTH Fleet. His joint and naval service both afloat and ashore has been extensive to include service on a numbered fleet staff, carrier strike group, and various Naval Security Group elements. Rogers is a native of Chicago and attended Auburn University, graduating in 1981 and receiving his commission via the Navy ROTC. He is also a graduate of the National War College and the Naval War College, holding a Master’s of Science in National Security Strategy.

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Gideon Rose
Gideon Rose
Editor, Foreign Affairs

Dr. Gideon Rose is the Editor of Foreign Affairs. He served as Managing Editor of the magazine from December 2000 to September 2010. From 1995-2000 he was Olin Senior Fellow and Deputy Director of National Security Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, and from 1994-95 he served as Associate Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs on the staff of the National Security Council. In 1986-87 he was Assistant Editor at The National Interest, and in 1985-86 held the same position at The Public Interest. He has taught American foreign policy at Columbia and Princeton universities. Mr. Rose received a B.A. in Classics from Yale University and a Ph.D. from the Department of Government at Harvard University. His recent works included How Wars End (Simon & Schuster, 2010), Understanding the War on Terror (edited with James F. Hoge, Jr.; Council on Foreign Relations, 2005) and America and the World: Debating the New Shape of International Politics (edited with James F. Hoge, Jr.; Council on Foreign Relations, 2002).

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Luis Rubio
Luis Rubio
Chairman, Center of Research for Development

Luis Rubio is Chairman of CIDAC (Center of Research for Development), an independent research institution. He is a prolific writer on political, economic, financial, and international subjects. Before joining CIDAC, in the 1970’s he was planning director of Citibank in Mexico and served as an adviser to Mexico’s Secretary of the Treasury. He is a contributing editor of Reforma and Winner of the APRA book award 1985. In 1993 he was given the Dag Hammarskjöld award and in 1998 the National Journalism Award for op-ed pieces. He is author and editor of forty six books, including “Mexico Matters: Change in Mexico and it impact upon the United States” and his most recent book is NAFTA at Twenty: a political and strategic perspective. He holds a diploma in Financial Management, a MMBA, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in political science are from Brandeis University.

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Daniel Runde
Daniel Runde
Director, Projeect on Prosperity and Development, Center for Strategic and International Studies

Daniel Runde is Director of the Project on Prosperity and Development (PPD) at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. PPD focuses on the role of private actors and emerging donors in development. Previously, Mr. Runde was head of the Foundations Unit for the Department of Partnerships and Advisory Service Operations at the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the private-sector arm of the World Bank Group, where he successfully positioned IFC as a partner of choice for private and corporate philanthropy. From 2005 to 2007, he was Director of the Office of Global Development Alliances (GDA) at the US Agency for International Development (USAID), and he led the GDA partnership initiative by providing training, networks, staff, funds, and advice to establish and strengthen alliances. Earlier in his career, Mr. Runde worked for both  CitiBank and BankBoston in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He started his career with Alex. Brown & Sons, Inc. in Baltimore. Mr. Runde received an M.P.P from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and a B.A., cum laude, from Dartmouth College.

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Lobsang Sangay
Lobsang Sangay
Sikyong, Central Tibetan Administration

Sikyong Dr. Lobsang Sangay has served as the democratically elected head of the Tibetan people and the political successor to His Holiness the Dalai Lama since August 8, 2011. He attended Delhi University, was selected as a Fulbright scholar, and obtained his master’s degree and Doctorate in Law from Harvard Law School, where he was later appointed a Senior Fellow. In an effort to promote Track II Diplomacy, he organized seven major conferences for Chinese, Tibetan, Indian, and Western scholars on contemporary Tibet. Dr. Sangay has been the recipient of multiple awards and honors, and testified before the US Senate in 2008 on the urgency of the Tibetan crisis. He has spoken at universities and think tanks around the world, and his writing has been widely published in international media. Dr. Sangay’s administration has taken major steps to energize the Tibetan people and generate political awareness and social engagement of Tibetans everywhere, including an emphasis on policies that promote widespread, high-quality education and youth empowerment.

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Andrei Sannikov
Andrei Sannikov
Chairman, European Belarus Foundation

Born in 1954 in Minsk, Belarus, Andrei Sannikov is a career diplomat. He worked in the Foreign Ministry of Belarus, Deputy Foreign Minister in 1995-96; he resigned in protest against Lukashenko’s policy in 1996. He has been active in civil society and opposition politics, and in 1997, co-founded the civil initiative Charter ’97. In 2008, he initiated the civil campaign European Belarus, which advocates the integration of Belarus into Euro-Atlantic community and membership in the European Union. Sannikov was a candidate in the 2010 presidential election in Belarus, and had the second highest percentage of the popular votes. He was incarcerated in a Minsk KGB facility for peacefully protesting at a demonstration after the elections. Recognized by Amnesty International as prisoner of conscience, he was released on April 2012 and had to go into exile. In 2005, he was awarded the Bruno Kreisky Prize for human rights protection. Sannikov continues to campaign for the interests of a democratic Belarus. 

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Mike Savage
Mike Savage
Mayor, Halifax Regional Municipality

Skilled team builder, experienced business person and public servant, community volunteer and strong advocate for Halifax, Mike Savage was elected Mayor of Halifax on October 20, 2012. As a member of parliament for Dartmouth-Cole Harbour from 2004 until 2011, Mayor Savage was active in serving his constituents and playing a national role as Official Opposition Critic for Human Resources and Skills and Status of Persons with Disabilities, and as Chair of the Liberal Caucus Committee on Post-Secondary Education and Research.

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Randy Scheunemann
Randy Scheunemann
President, Orion Strategies

Mr. Randy Scheunemann is a foreign policy analyst based in Washingto, DC. From 2007-2008, Mr. Scheunemann served as Director of Foreign Policy and National Security for the McCain-Palin 2008 campaign. In 2002, he founded the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (CLI) to promote freedom for the Iraqi people. In 2001, Scheunemann served as a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense. From 1999-2000, Scheunemann served as Defense and Foreign Policy Coordinator for the “McCain 2000” presidential campaign. During 1996, Mr. Scheunemann was a senior adviser to Republican Presidential Candidate Bob Dole. Previously, Mr. Scheunemann served as National Security Adviser to Senate Republican and Majority Leaders Bob Dole and Trent Lott, and also served on the staffs of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and the House Republican Policy Committee. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Adam Schiff
Adam Schiff
Member of the House of Representatives, United States

Congressman Adam B. Schiff represents California’s 28th Congressional District. Throughout his tenure in Congress, Schiff has focused on improving our economy, bolstering national security, strengthening our communities, helping small businesses and improving education, safety and health care for our children. In his 7th term in the House of Representatives, Schiff currently serves on the House Appropriations Committee and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Schiff has also been a leader on national security efforts and has pushed for a broader strategy that emphasizes diplomacy, intelligence reform, and efforts to stabilize countries that are at risk of becoming future failed states and havens for terrorists. As a member of the Appropriations subcommittee that funds NASA, Schiff has fought hard to preserve and expand the robotic missions undertaken by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory right here in La Cañada Flintridge. Prior to serving in the House of Representatives, Schiff completed a four-year term as State Senator for California’s 21st State Senate District. Born on June 22, 1960, Adam is a graduate of Stanford University and Harvard Law School.  He and his wife Eve have two children, a daughter, Alexa Marion, and a son, Elijah Harris.

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Robin Shepherd
Robin Shepherd
Publisher, The Commentator

Mr. Robin Shepherd is the owner/publisher of Britain’s fastest growing new media outlet, The Commentator. He is also a senior fellow of the Central European Policy Institute (CEPI), based in Bratislava, Slovakia. Mr. Shepherd has held senior fellowships with several top think tanks in the United States, Britain, and Europe. Before entering the think tank world a decade ago, he was a foreign correspondent, firstly for Reuters and subsequently The Times of London, where he was the Moscow bureau chief. He has been associated with Halifax International Security Forum since its inception and is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Péter Siklósi
Péter Siklósi
Deputy State Secretary for Defense Policy and Planning, Hungary

Péter Siklósi has been Deputy State Secretary for Defense Policy and Planning (Defense Policy Director) of the Hungarian Ministry of Defense since 2010. Prior to taking up the post, he worked as Defense Counsellor at the Hungarian Permanent Representation to NATO (2007-2010) and was head of the Defense Policy Department of the Ministry of Defense (2000-2007). His earlier assignments include posts of Defense Policy Advisor within the Prime Minister’s Office and the Parliament and that of a research fellow at the Institute for Strategic and Defense Studies. Mr. Siklósi was born in 1966, is a trained aircraft engineer and holds an M.A. in International Relations. He is an amateur cyclist.

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Jill Sinclair
Jill Sinclair
Executive Director, External Engagements and Partnerships, Canadian Defence Academy, Department of National Defence, Canada

Ms. Sinclair joined the Department of External Affairs in 1981 and has held diplomatic posts in Prague, Havana, and the Middle East. In September 2008, she joined the Department of National Defence as Assistant Deputy Minister (Policy) and in July 2014, was appointed Executive Director, External Engagements and Partnerships at the Canadian Defence Academy. In her new position, Ms. Sinclair will lead the institutionalization of national and international partnerships, in support of a Whole of Government approach, in matters related to excellence in the profession of arms and in the development of expertise in defence and international security issues. Her professional career has focused on issues of international and regional security and defence, and has included posts as Assistant Secretary to the Cabinet, Foreign and Defence Policy at the Privy Council Office; Canada’s Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process from September 2003 to 2006; Director General, International Security Bureau at the Department of Foreign Affairs; and Executive Director of the Canadian sponsored International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty.

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Julianne Smith
Julianne Smith
Senior Vice President, Beacon Global Strategies LLC; Former Deputy National Security Advisor to the Vice President

Ms. Julianne Smith is a Senior Vice President with Beacon Global Strategies, which she joined in August 2013. She is also the Director of the Strategy and Statecraft Program at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS). Prior to these positions, Smith served as the Deputy National Security Advisor to the Vice President from April 2012 to June 2013. Previously, she served as the Principal Director for European and NATO Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon. Before joining the Obama administration, Smith served as Director of the CSIS Europe Program. Earlier at CSIS, Smith served as Deputy Director of CSIS’s International Security Program. Before joining CSIS, she worked at the German Marshall Fund in the Foreign Policy Program. She also worked in Germany at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. Smith is a recipient of the American Academy in Berlin Public Policy Fellowship and the Fredin Memorial Scholarship for study at the Sorbonne. She received her B.A. from Xavier University and her M.A. from American University. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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David Smolansky
David Smolansky
Mayor, El Hatillo Municipality, Venezuela

David Smolansky is the mayor of the El Hatillo municipality in Caracas, Venezuela. Mr. Smolansky was elected as mayor in December 2013 and is currently the youngest mayor in Venezuela. Mr. Smolansky holds a B.A. in Journalism from Universidad Catolica Andres Bello and an M.A. in Political Science from Universidad Simon Bolivar. He was one of the leaders of Venezuela’s Student’s Movement, created in 2007 in opposition to the policies of Hugo Chavez’s government. Mr. Smolansky is a founding member of the political party Voluntad Popular, created by Leopoldo Lopez in 2009, and is currently a member of its National Board of Directors.

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Nancy Southern
Nancy Southern
Chair, President & Chief Executive Officer ATCO Ltd. & Canadian Utilities Limited

Nancy Southern is Chair, President, & Chief Executive Officer of ATCO Ltd. and Canadian Utilities Limited, an ATCO company. She has full responsibility for executing strategic direction and ongoing operations for both companies. Ms. Southern also serves as Executive Vice President of Spruce Meadows. She is a Director of AKITA Drilling Ltd., Sentgraf Enterprises Limited, and is an Honorary Director of the BMO Financial Group. Ms. Southern is a member of The U.S. Business Council, the Canadian Council of Chief Executives, the American Society of Corporate Executives, the C.D. Howe Institute and a Canadian Member of the Trilateral Commission. Additionally, she was appointed by the late Hon. Jim Flaherty, former Minister of Finance, as a member of his Economic Advisory Council and is a member of a committee led by Status of Women Minister, Kellie Leitch, to offer advice to the federal government on how to encourage more women on Canada’s corporate boards. In 2013, Ms. Southern received the T. Patrick Boyle Founder’s Award from the Fraser Institute for her entrepreneurial achievements and recognized accomplishments in the promotion of freedom and free markets. She has also been included in Fortune’s list of the “50 Most Powerful Women In Business: The Global 50” and named as one of “The 50 Most Important People in Canada” in Maclean’s.

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Janice Gross Stein
Janice Gross Stein
Director, Munk School of Global Affairs; Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management, Department of Political Science, University of Toronto

Ms. Janice Gross Stein is the Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management in the Department of Political Science and the Director of the Munk School for Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. She is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and an honorary foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She was the Massey Lecturer in 2001 and a Trudeau fellow. Ms. Stein was awarded the Molson Prize by the Canada Council for an outstanding contribution by a social scientist to public debate. She has received an Honorary Doctorate of Laws from the University of Alberta, the University of Cape Breton, and McMaster University. She is a member of the Order of Canada and the Order of Ontario. She is also a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Jonathan Tepperman
Jonathan Tepperman
Managing Editor, Foreign Affairs

Jonathan Tepperman has been the Managing Editor of Foreign Affairs magazine since February 2011. Tepperman first joined Foreign Affairs as a junior editor in 1998 and spent several years there before moving on to Newsweek International. There he served as Deputy Editor and ran (at various times) the Asia, Europe, Africa, Middle East, and Latin America sections, oversaw special projects, and wrote cover stories, opinion pieces, and a regular style column. Tepperman writes frequently about international politics for a range of publications, including the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, the New Republic, and others. In 2013, he served as a guest columnist for the International Herald Tribune. He is the co-editor of a number of books, including The US vs Al Qaeda: A History of the War on Terror and Iran and the Bomb: Solving the Persian Puzzle, and is currently writing a book on how to solve some of the world’s toughest problems. Additionally, Mr. Tepperman is a member of the Board of Directors and the Agenda Work Group of the Halifax International Security Forum.

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Sue Mi Terry
Sue Mi Terry
Senior Research Scholar, Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University

Sue Mi Terry is a Senior Research Scholar at the Columbia University Weatherhead East Asian Institute, a position she has held since 2011.  Previously, she was the National Intelligence Fellow in the David Rockefeller Studies Program at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York (2010-2011). Prior to coming to New York, she had a distinguished career in the US government. From 2009 to 2010, she was the Deputy National Intelligence Officer for East Asia at the National Intelligence Council (NIC).  Prior to joining the NIC, she served as the Director for Korea, Japan, and Oceanic Affairs at the National Security Council under both Presidents George W. Bush and Barak Obama (2008-2009).  Earlier in her career, she served as a Senior Analyst on Korean issues at the Central Intelligence Agency (2001-2008). Dr. Terry holds a Ph.D. (2001) and a Masters of Arts (1998) in International Relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from New York University (1993). 

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Hideshi Tokuchi
Hideshi Tokuchi
Vice-Minister for International Affairs, Ministry of Defense of Japan

Mr. Tokuchi entered the Japan Defense Agency (JDA) in 1979, and has been Vice-Minister for International Affairs, Ministry of Defense (MoD) of Japan since July 2014. Before assuming the current position, he took several positions in MoD, including Director Generals of Operations Bureau, Personnel and Education Bureau, Finance and Equipment Bureau as well as Defense Policy Bureau. As for his academic activities, Mr. Tokuchi was a visiting research fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS) of the US National Defense University (NDU) in Washington DC from July 1995 through November 1996, and has been teaching Japan’s defense policy at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) since summer 2002 as well as at Aoyama Gakuin University since fall 2006. He earned a degree of Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD) at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in 1986.

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Frances Townsend
Frances Townsend
Executive Vice President for Worldwide Government, Legal, and Business Affairs, MacAndrews and Forbes Holdings, Inc.

Frances Fragos Townsend is an Executive Vice President for World-wide Government, Legal, and Business Affairs at MacAndrews and Forbes Holdings, Inc. Previously she was a corporate partner with the law firm of Baker Botts, LLP. From 2004 to 2008, Ms. Townsend served as Assistant to President George W. Bush for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and chaired the Homeland Security Council. She also served as Deputy National Security Advisor for Combatting Terrorism from May 2003 to May 2004. Ms. Townsend spent 13 years at the US Department of Justice under the administrations of President George H. W. Bush, President Bill Clinton, and President George W. Bush. Ms. Townsend also serves on several government advisory and nonprofit boards. She is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. Ms. Townsend is an on-air Analyst for CNN and has regularly appeared on network and cable television as a foreign policy, counterterrorism, national and homeland security expert.

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Peter  Van Praagh
Peter Van Praagh
President, Halifax International Security Forum

Mr. Peter Van Praagh is the founding President of Halifax International Security Forum. Peter has served as Sr. Director for Foreign Policy at the Washington, DC-based German Marshall Fund of the United States, as Deputy Vice President of Programs at the National Endowment for Democracy in Washington, DC, and as Chief of Party for the National Democratic Institute both in the former Soviet Union and in Turkey. In 2006-07, Peter served as Senior Policy Advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada. Peter is a graduate of University College, the University of Toronto and the London School of Economics. He is married to Lena Van Praagh and has three children, Yasha, Sophia Joy, and Elizabeth.

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Alexander Vershbow
Alexander Vershbow
Deputy Secretary General, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Ambassador Alexander Vershbow is the Deputy Secretary General of NATO, the first American to serve in the position. He took up his position in February 2012 after serving for three years as the US Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, where he was responsible for US security and defense relations with Europe, Eurasia, the Middle East, and Africa. From 1977 to 2008, Vershbow was a career member of the US Foreign Service, serving as US Ambassador to NATO (1998-2001); Russia (2001-2005), and the Republic of Korea (2005-2008). Previous posts include Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European Affairs at the National Security Council (1994-97) and State Department Director for Soviet Union Affairs (1988-91). Vershbow, a native of Boston, Massachusetts, holds degrees from Yale and Columbia Universities in Russian/ East European Studies and International Relations.

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Kurt Volker
Kurt Volker
Executive Director, The McCain Institute for International Leadership

The Honorable Kurt Volker is Executive Director of the McCain Institute for International Leadership, part of Arizona State University, and a senior fellow at the Center for Trans-atlantic Relations at the Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies. He is a member of the Atlantic Council’s Strategic Advisory Group, serves on the board of the Wall Street Fund and is a trustee of the Institute for American Universities in Aix-en-Provence, France. He was a career member of the US Senior Foreign Service, with over 23 years of experience working on European policy under five US administrations. He served as ambassador to NATO, principal deputy assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs, and acting senior director for European and Eurasian affairs at the National Security Council. He holds a BA from Temple University and MA from the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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W. Bruce Weinrod
W. Bruce Weinrod
Senior Advisor, Global Impact, Inc.

Mr. W. Bruce Weinrod is an attorney and international business advisor. Mr. Weinrod has served as the Secretary of Defense Representative for Europe/Defense Advisor to the US Mission at NATO, and earlier as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for European and NATO policy as a Presidential appointee. In the private sector, Mr. Weinrod has advised companies regarding US and international regulatory, legislative and policy matters. He has also been a senior staff member on Capitol Hill, a US Senate-confirmed member of the Board of Directors of the US Institute of Peace; a Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; a Distinguished Research Fellow at the US National Defense University and a Leadership Fellow of the Japan Society. He is an International Board member of the Geneva Center for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces (DCAF) and serves on the US State Department’s Defense Trade Advisory Group (DTAG). He is also a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Jonathan Weisstub
Jonathan Weisstub
Senior Resident, Massey College, University of Toronto; Chairman of the Board, Halifax International Security Forum

Jonathan Weisstub is currently a Senior Resident at Massey College at the University of Toronto and serves as a strategic advisor to a number of publicly traded companies. Most recently he was the Executive Vice President, Corporate Development for Infrastructure Ontario where he was responsible for the privatization and review of a number of significant assets of the Province of Ontario. Prior to this appointment, he led government wide expenditure management initiatives for the Province’s $120 billion budget, as Assistant Deputy Minister and Head of the Program Review Secretariat within the Ontario Ministry of Finance. Jonathan also served as Vice President of Corporate Affairs for Gabriel Resources, a TSX listed gold company with a market capitalization of approximately $1 billion. Prior to joining Gabriel Resources, he practiced with the law firm of Stikeman Elliott LLP in the area of securities and corporate law, specializing in public and private mergers and acquisitions, as well as private equity transactions and corporate finance. Jonathan has also served as Senior Policy Advisor to the Prime Minister of Canada, from 2004 – 2006. Jonathan has a B.A. from McGill University, an M.Phil in Politics from Oxford University and a law degree from the University of Toronto. Jonathan is the Chairman of the Board of the Halifax International Security Forum.

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Paul Wells
Paul Wells
Political Editor, Maclean’s

Paul Wells is the political editor of Maclean’s magazine. A leading columnist on Canadian politics, he has also written extensively about politics in the United States and across the European Union, and on science and the arts. His bestselling 2013 book The Longer I’m Prime Minister: Stephen Harper and Canada has won three major prizes for non-fiction writing. He is a frequent analyst on English- and French-language television and radio.

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Alexis  Wichowski
Alexis Wichowski
Director of Media Analysis & Strategy, United States Mission to the United Nations, United States Dpartment of State

Alexis Wichowski is the Director of Media Analysis & Strategy at the US Department of State’s permanent mission to the United Nations. A former Presidential Management Fellow, she has worked with various State Department offices focused on diplomatic use of technology, including the Office of eDiplomacy’s Diplomatic Innovation Division and Secretary Clinton’s Office of Innovation. In addition, Wichowski is an adjunct assistant professor at Columbia SIPA, where her course “E-Government & Digital Diplomacy” was selected by students as one of SIPA’s top five courses out of almost 200 last year. Wichowski holds a Ph.D. in Information Science from the University at Albany, a BA in Chinese from Connecticut College and was a Fulbright scholar in China in 1996-97. Recent publications outlets include Foreign Affairs, The Atlantic, and a forthcoming book chapter in Routledge’s Doing Diplomacy in the Digital Age.

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Werner Wnendt
Werner Wnendt
Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office

Mr. Werner Wnendt was appointed Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Canada in September 2012. Prior to assuming his present position, he served as Associate Deputy Minister for Culture and Communication at the Federal Foreign Office in Berlin. From 2005 until 2007, Mr. Wnendt was Head of the OSCE Mission in Kosovo, having previously completed an assignment as Senior Deputy High Representative of the International Community to Bosnia and Herzegovina from 2003 to 2005. Between 2000 and 2003, Mr. Wnendt served as a foreign adviser to Germany’s Federal President. From 1998, he was Deputy Head of Mission at the German Embassy to the Czech Republic. Before that, he had been Chef de Cabinet to the Minister of State for European Integration in Germany’s Federal Government from 1995. Mr. Wnendt joined the German Foreign Service in 1980. He also held positions in missions to the European Union in Brussels, to the U.S., Pakistan and Kenya. Mr. Wnendt studied geosciences and law and has a master’s degree in geology. Before joining the Foreign Service, he worked from 1976 until 1978 for the German Development Agency in Myanmar. He is married and has five children.

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Christine Wormuth
Christine Wormuth
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, United States Department of Defense

Ms. Christine Wormuth was confirmed by the US Senate as the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy on June 19, 2014. Prior to her appointment as Under Secretary, Ms. Wormuth served as the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Strategy, Plans, and Force Development. In this role, Ms. Wormuth was responsible for advising the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy and Secretary of Defense on national security and defense policy development, as well as the integration and oversight of DoD policy and plans to achieve national security objectives. Before serving as DUSD(SPF), Ms. Wormuth was a Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Defense Policy and Strategy on the National Security Staff (NSS). She has also held the role of Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas’ Security Affairs in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. 

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Dov S. Zakheim
Dov S. Zakheim
Senior Advisor, Center for Strategic and International Studies; Senior Felllow CNA Corporation

Dov S. Zakheim is Senior Advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and Senior Fellow at the CNA Corporation. Previously he was Senior Vice President of Booz Allen Hamilton. From 2001 to April 2004 he was Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Chief Financial Officer for the Department of Defense; in addition, from 2002-2004 he was DOD’s coordinator of civilian programs in Afghanistan. From 1987 to 2001 he was a senior executive with System Planning Corporation. From 1985 until 1987, Dr. Zakheim was Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Planning and Resources. Dr. Zakheim has served on numerous government, corporate, non-profit, and charitable boards. A member of the Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan (2008-2011), he currently serves on the Commission on Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization, the Chief of Naval Operations Executive Panel, and the Defense Business Board, which he helped establish. He holds a B.A. from Columbia University and a doctorate from St. Antony College, University of Oxford.

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