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2013 Speakers

Nazanin Afshin-Jam
Nazanin Afshin-Jam
President and Co-Founder, Stop Child Executions

Ms. Nazanin Afshin-Jam is an award-winning international human rights and democracy activist, public speaker and president and co-founder of Stop Child Executions. After a successful campaign to save a teenage girl on death row in Iran, she founded Stop Child Executions to help put an end to executions of juveniles worldwide. Ms. Afshin-Jam currently serves on the board of the Canadian Race Relations Foundation through an appointment from the Office of the Prime Minister of Canada to help eliminate racism and discrimination. As Miss Canada and 1st runner up at Miss World, she raised awareness and funds for various charitable organizations for suffering people and animals. She graduated with a B.A. in international relations and political science from the University of British Columbia and has an M.A. in diplomacy with a concentration in international conflict management from Norwich University.

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Mobashar Jawed Akbar
Mobashar Jawed Akbar
Editor-in-Chief, Sunday Guardian

Mr. M.J. Akbar is a leading Indian journalist and author. Mr. Akbar began his career as a trainee with the Times of India in 1971 before moving to the Illustrated Weekly of India, then India’s largest selling magazine, as sub-editor and feature writer. In 1973, Mr. Akbar was named editor of Onlooker. In 1976, Mr. Akbar moved to Calcutta to become editor ofSunday, India’s first genuine political weekly and a publication that fought press censorship and dictatorship. Mr. Akbar launched The Telegraph in 1982, won a seat in Lok Sabha (Parliament) in 1989, and left government in 1992 to return to writing.  In 1994, he began The Asian Age and served as Editor-in-Chief of the Deccan Chronicle. Mr. Akbar joined the Brookings Institution in 2006 as a Visiting Fellow in the Brookings Project on U.S. Policy Towards the Islamic World. In 2010, Mr. Akbar joined India Today and Headlines Today as Editorial Director. He holds a BA in English from Presidency College, Calcutta.

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Farea Al-Muslimi
Farea Al-Muslimi
Yemen's Colleague, Resonate Yemen

Farea Al-Muslimi is a 23 years old Yemeni writer and consultant. He is also one of Yemen most prominent youth activists and have co-founded and led many youth initiatives since 2007. Last April, he gave a testimony about the human consequence of US Drone strikes in Yemen before US Senate.  Al-Muslimi graduated with a BA in public policy from the American University of Beirut in January 2013.

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John Allen
John Allen
Distinguished Fellow, The Brookings Institute

General John R. Allen, US Marine Corps (Ret.) is a distinguished fellow in the Foreign Policy program at Brookings, working within the Center on 21st Century Security and Intelligence. Prior to joining Brookings, General Allen commanded the NATO International Security Assistance Force and United States Forces in Afghanistan from July 2011 to February 2013. Prior to assuming command of the NATO and US forces in Afghanistan, Allen commanded at every level in the Marine Corps through Marine Expeditionary Brigade. As a general officer, Allen served as the principal director of Asia/Pacific policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, a position he held for nearly three years. He remains a permanent and active member of the Council. General Allen holds a B.S. in operations analysis from the U.S. Naval Academy, a M.A. in national security studies from Georgetown University, a M.S. in strategic intelligence from the Defense Intelligence College, and a M.S. in national security strategy from the National Defense University.

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James Appathurai
James Appathurai
Deputy Assistant Secretary General, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Mr. James Appathurai is NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs and Security Policy and the Secretary General’s Special Representative for the Caucasus and Central Asia. James Appathurai was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary General in December 2010. As DASG, he is responsible for NATO’s political relations with countries across the globe, international organizations, enlargement, and arms control. He provides policy advice on political issues affecting the security of the Alliance. He is responsible for implementing and developing NATO’s relations with all its partner countries and organizations, including through Political Agreements, Partnership Cooperation Programmes, and other bilateral and multilateral arrangements. He chairs the meetings of Political Counsellors in NATO, and, in support of the Assistant Secretary General directs the Political Affairs and Security Policy Division of NATO. As the Secretary General’s Special Representative, he is responsible for carrying forward the Alliance’s policy in the two strategically important regions of the Caucasus and Central Asia.

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Derrick N. Ashong
Derrick N. Ashong
Former Host, The Stream - Ashong Ventures LLC - Host, D.N.A.

Mr. Derrick N. Ashong (DNA) is an experienced musician, broadcaster and digital media influencer. Mr. Ashong has carved out a unique niche as an expert in bridging the gap between old and new media. As former host of The Derrick Ashong Experience on SIRIUS XM’s Oprah Radio and Al Jazeera English’s cutting-edge, Emmy-nominated social media TV show, The Stream, he scooped some of the biggest social change stories around the world from the perspective of a new generation. Mr. Ashong is the leader of critically acclaimed Afropolitan band Soulfège, and has been featured in major media including MTV Africa, NPR, the New York Times, Boston Globe and BBC World Service. He has lectured on five continents on the use of media and technology as tools for human development, has had numerous fellowships and is a member of the African Leadership Network. Born in Accra, Ghana, Mr. Ashong was raised in Brooklyn, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and New Jersey. 

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Michael Auslin
Michael Auslin
Resident Scholar, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research and Columnist, Wall Street Journal

Dr. Michael Auslin is a columnist for the Wall Street Journal and a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) for Public Policy Research in Washington DC, where he is a director in Asian and Security Studies. Prior to joining AEI, Dr. Auslin was associate professor of history at Yale University. Dr. Auslin is a prolific author and his books include the new release, Pacific Cosmopolitans: A Cultural History of U.S.-Japan Relations (Harvard University Press, 2011). Dr. Auslin received the Nakasone Yasuhiro Award for Excellence in 2010, and has been named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum, a Marshall Memorial Fellow by the German Marshall Fund, and an Asia 21 Fellow by the Asia Society, in addition to being a former Fulbright and Japan Foundation Scholar. He received a BSc from Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service and a PhD in history from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group

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John Baird
John Baird
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

Minister John Baird was first elected to the House of Commons in 2006 and re-elected in 2008 and 2011. In February 2006, Mr. Baird was sworn in as President of the Treasury Board. In January 2007, he was named Minister of the Environment and, in October 2008, he became Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities. In August 2010, he was named Leader of the Government in the House of Commons. From November 2010 to January 2011, he undertook additional responsibilities as Minister of the Environment. He was named to his current portfolio following the federal election of May 2011. Prior to entering federal politics, Mr. Baird was a member of Ontario’s provincial legislature. During that time, he served as Minister of Community and Social Services, Energy, Francophone Affairs, Children and Youth Services, and as Government House Leader.  In 2008, he was named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum. Mr. Baird holds a Bachelor of Arts in political studies from Queen’s University.

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James Baker
James Baker
Principal Deputy Director, Strategic Plans and Policy, US Department of Defense

As the Principal Deputy Director, Strategic Plans and Policy, Jim Baker is charged with leading and maturing a culture of strategic thinking across the J5 organization, conducting independent "red cell" analysis of current policies, and providing creative and global strategic perspectives on the full array of political-military issues facing the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Prior to assuming his current position, Jim was the Director of the Chairman's Action Group (CAG) for the 17th Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Mike Mullen. Jim has held leadership positions at three different military Research, Development and Test Centers and four staff tours in the Pentagon.  

He spent more than half of his military career in joint assignments, proud to serve with Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine and Coast Guard officers at all levels. Jim is a distinguished graduate of the National War College and holds four graduate degrees, two in engineering disciplines and two in security studies from military institutions. He is an alumnus of Harvard's Advanced Management Program, MIT's Seminar XXI program, and the Army's Air Assault School.

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John Barrasso
John Barrasso
Senator, United States

Senator John Barrasso was sworn in to the United States Senate in 2007 having represented the people of Natrona County in the Wyoming State Senate. Barrasso was then elected to the United States Senate on November 4, 2008 and reelected in 2012 to his first full term. Barrasso is known by many as Wyoming’s Doctor. He has a long and recognized career in both medicine and public service. During 24 years as an orthopedic surgeon in Casper, Barrasso served as President of the Wyoming Medical Society and was named Wyoming Physician of the Year. He also served as medical director of the Wyoming Health Fairs, bringing low-cost health screening exams to people all around the Cowboy State. Senator Barrasso serves on the Republican leadership team as the Chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee. He also serves as Chairman of the Senate Western Caucus. Senator Barrasso serves on the Energy and Natural Resources Committee, the Environment and Public Works Committee, the Indian Affairs Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. A strong advocate for the people of Wyoming, Senator Bar- rasso works hard to ensure that Wyoming’s voice is heard. Barrasso has three children – Peter, Emma and Hadley. He and his wife Bobbi live in Casper. 

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Espen Barth Eide
Espen Barth Eide
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Norway

Espen Barth Eide has been a perennial attendee to the forum since 2009. Since November 2013 Mr Eide has been the managing director of the World Economic Forum. Previously he had served as Norway’s Minister of Foreign Affairs from September 2012 until October 2013. During the Stoltenberg II government (2005-2013), he also held the positions of Minister of Defense, State Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and State Secretary in the Ministry of Defense. In the first Stoltenberg government (2000-2001), he was State Secretary for Foreign Affairs. Apart from his posts in government, Mr. Eide has pursued an academic career in political science, and from 1993 to 2000 and from 2002 to 2005 he was a senior researcher and research director at Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). Mr. Eide has been centrally involved in numerous UN reform processes, in the development of NATO’s new strategic concept, in setting a new international agenda for the Arctic, in fostering closer Nordic cooperation, in building relations with emerging regions, and in a variety of peace processes. In the MOD, he led a major defense reform; established Norway’s Cyber Defense and oversaw several large procurement programs, including the acquisition of the F-35 for the RNoAF. Mr. Eide graduated with a degree in political science from the University of Oslo and has also studied in Barcelona.

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Christine Beerli
Christine Beerli
Permanent Vice President, International Committee of the Red Cross

Ms. Christine Beerli began her political career on Biel, Switzerland’s municipal council, where she served from 1980 to 1983. From 1986 to 1991 she was a member of the legislative assembly of the Canton of Bern. In 1991 she was elected to the upper house of the Swiss parliament, where she remained until 2003, chairing the foreign affairs committee (1998-99) and the committee for social security and health (2000-2001). Ms. Beerli chaired the caucus of the Free Democratic Party in Switzerland's federal assembly from 1996 to 2003. She also served on committees dealing with security policy and economic and legal affairs. She retired from politics in 2003. Since January 2006 she has headed Swissmedic, the Swiss supervisory authority for therapeutic products. She is a former director of the School of Engineering and Information Technology at Bern University of Applied Sciences.

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Henry Sicad Bensurto, Jr.
Henry Sicad Bensurto, Jr.
Assistant Secretary, West Philippine Sea Center

Assistant Secretary Henry Sicad Bensurto Jr. is the Assistant Secretary of the West Philippine Sea Center (WPSC), Office of the Undersecretary for Policy, Department of Foreign Affairs. He was the Secretary-General of the Secretariat of the Commission on Maritime and Ocean Affairs (CMOA), a cabinet level inter-agency coordinating body on the Law of the Sea and other maritime issues. A recipient of the Presidential Award of Gawad Mabini (Rank of Commander) for his contribution in the passage of the Philippine Archipelagic Baselines Law on March 10, 2009, he likewise helped the Philippine partial claim for Extended Continental Shelf (ECS), which was approved by the UN Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf (CLCS) in 2012. Mr. Bensurto earned his Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science (minor in Economics) at the University of the Philippines (UP) in 1985, and his law degree from the San Beda College of Law (Manila) in 1990. As Chevening scholar, Mr. Bensurto pursued graduate studies at Oxford University in 1995-96.

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Steven Blaney
Steven Blaney
Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, Canada

Minister Steven Blaney was first elected to the House of Commons in 2006 and re-elected in 2008 and 2011. In July 2013, Mr. Blaney was appointed Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness. Previously, he was appointed Minister of Veterans Affairs in May 2011, and to the additional position of Minister for La Francophonie in February 2013. Mr. Blaney was appointed Vice-Chair of the Conservative Quebec Caucus and in October 2008 he became Chair of that Caucus. He served on the standing committees on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development, and on Environment and Sustainable Development. In May 2007, Mr. Blaney became Chair of the Standing Committee on Official Languages, which strives to promote linguistic duality throughout the country. After he graduated from the Université de Sherbrooke, Mr. Blaney became a civil engineer in 1988 and then obtained a Master of Business Administration in 2002 in Lévis. Mr. Blaney is married to Marie Bouchard and has two children.

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Lincoln P. Bloomfield, Jr.
Lincoln P. Bloomfield, Jr.
Chairman, Henry L. Stimson Center

The Honorable Lincoln P. Bloomfield, Jr. is chairman of the Henry L. Stimson Center, a non-partisan security think tank in Washington DC. Ambassador Bloomfield was the US special envoy for man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) threat reduction from 2008-2009, and assistant secretary of state for political-military affairs from 2001-2005. Mr. Bloomfield previously served as deputy assistant secretary of state for near eastern affairs (1992-93), deputy assistant to the vice president for national security affairs (1991-92), and principal deputy assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs (1988-89). Mr. Bloomfield is founder and president of Palmer Coates LLC, senior advisor at Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, operating advisor at Pegasus Capital Advisors, L.P., and chairman of Bell Pottinger Communications USA LLC. He graduated from Harvard College and received a MALD from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He is a founding board member of Survivor Corps (formerly Landmine Survivors' Network) and a senior advisor at CSIS. He is editor of Global Markets and National Interests: the New Geopolitics of Energy, Capital, and Information (Washington DC, CSIS Press, 2002). 

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Jason Bordoff
Jason Bordoff
Professor of Professional Practice in International and Public Affairs; Director, Center on Global Energy Policy

Jason Bordoff joined the Columbia faculty after serving until January 2013 as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Energy and Climate Change on the Staff of the National Security Council, and, prior to that, holding senior policy positions on the White House’s National Economic Council and Council on Environmental Quality. One of the nation’s top energy policy experts, he joined the Administration in April 2009. At Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs, Bordoff is a professor of professional practice and serves as Director of SIPA’s Center on Global Energy Policy. Bordoff’s research and policy interests lie at the intersection of economics, energy, environment, and national security. Prior to joining the White House, Bordoff was the Policy Director of the Hamilton Project, an economic policy initiative housed at the Brookings Institution. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a consultant to the National Intelligence Council, and serves on the board of the Association of Marshall Scholars. During the Clinton Administration, Bordoff served as an advisor to the Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Treasury Department. He was also a consultant with McKinsey & Company, one of the leading global strategy consultancies. Bordoff graduated with honors from Harvard Law School, where he was treasurer and an editor of the Harvard Law Review, and clerked on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. He also holds an MLitt degree from Oxford University, where he studied as a Marshall Scholar, and a BA magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Brown University. 

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Scott Borg
Scott Borg
Director and Chief Economist, US Cyber Consequences Unit

Mr. Scott Borg is the CEO of the US Cyber Consequences Unit, an independent, non-profit research institute that advises the U.S. government and critical infrastructure industries on the strategic and economic consequences of cyber attacks. He is widely regarded as the leading authority on the economics of cyber security, as well as certain technical topics. His organization investigates potential cyber attacks and monitors the changing capabilities and goals of attackers.  Because of this and new analytic concepts, Borg’s record for anticipating new cyber-security developments since 2002 is probably unequaled. He publicly predicted Stuxnet, for example, including all of its main features and its exact target, fourteen months before it was discovered. He has been deeply involved in practical security measures and is co-author of one of the world’s most widely used cyber-security check lists.  He has commented frequently on cyber security for major broadcast networks, including NBC, CNN, CBS, Fox Business News, NPR, and the BBC. 

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Darrell Bricker
Darrell Bricker
Chief Executive Officer, Ipsos Public Affairs

Dr. Darrell Bricker is chief executive officer of Ipsos Public Affairs, which conducts corporate reputation and social research around the world. Dr. Bricker has a long history in social and corporate reputation research, as well as research for political campaigns. Prior to joining Ipsos Public Affairs, he was director of public opinion research in the Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Dr. Bricker currently serves, by Ministerial appointment, as the honorary colonel of The Queen's York Rangers, Canada's most historic Regiment and is also on the campaign cabinet for Fort York, Toronto's oldest military facility. For his volunteer work with the military he has received a commendation from the Commander of the Army, and has been awarded the Diamond Jubilee Medal. Dr. Bricker holds a PhD in political science from Carleton University in Ottawa, and a BA and MA from Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo. 

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Ian Brodie
Ian Brodie
Research Director, School of Public Policy, University of Calgary

Ian Brodie joined The School of Public Policy in 2013. He is Research Director and teaches in the Master of Public Policy program. From 2006 to 2008, Brodie worked as the Chief of Staff for Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper. In this role, he demonstrated a deep knowledge of the public policy process and the political context of difficult government decisions. He developed strong experience in dealing with competing interests and demanding stakeholder organizations. From 1997-2003, Brodie was Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Western Ontario. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Calgary and a B.A. (Hons) in Political Science from McGill University. His 2002 book, Friends of the Court, was the first comprehensive study of interest group litigation in Canada. His academic work has been published in Comparative Politics, Canadian Journal of Political Science, and elsewhere. 

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Rosa Brooks
Rosa Brooks
Professor, Georgetown University Law Center and Contributing Editor, Foreign Policy Magazine

Rosa Brooks
Rosa Brooks is a law professor at the Georgetown University Law Center, a columnist and contributing editor for Foreign Policy and a Bernard L. Schwartz senior fellow at the New America Foundation. From April 2009 to July 2011, she served as Counselor to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, Michele Flournoy, and in May 2010 she also became Special Coordinator for Rule of Law and Humanitarian Policy, running a new Pentagon office dedicated to those issues. Brooks wrote a weekly column for the Los Angeles Times from 2005 to 2009, and is an expert on national security, international law and human rights issues. At the Pentagon her portfolio included both rule of law and human rights issues and global engagement, strategic communication, and she received the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service for her work.

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Leslie Campbell
Leslie Campbell
Senior Associate and Regional Director for Middle East and North Africa Programs, National Democratic Institute

Mr. Leslie Campbell joined NDI in 1994 and has directed the Institute’s programs in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region since 1996. As NDI’s senior associate and regional director, Mr. Campbell has overseen a vast expansion of NDI’s programs in the Middle East with the establishment of offices and programs that furnish assistance with political, civic and governance reform throughout the Arab world. Mr. Campbell is a frequent guest and commentator on Middle East issues for major news outlets, and has written a number of articles and papers on the subject of democracy in the Middle East. He has served on task forces and study groups on Middle East democracy at the Brookings Institution, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and the United States Institute of Peace and is a member of the Agenda Working Group for the Halifax International Security Forum.

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Cengiz Çandar
Cengiz Çandar
Journalist, Radikal Daily

Mr. Cengiz Çandar is an expert on the Middle East and the Balkans and has worked for leading Turkish newspapers. Currently, he is the senior political columnist for the daily Radikal in Istanbul. From 1997 to 2011, he was a lecturer at Bilgi University in Istanbul. Between 1999 and 2000, he conducted research as a public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and was a senior fellow at the United States Institute of Peace. Mr. Çandar served as special adviser to Turkish President Turgut Özal between 1991 and 1993.

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Scott Carpenter
Scott Carpenter
Deputy Director, Google Ideas

Mr. Scott Carpenter is the Deputy Director of Google Ideas, where he is responsible for driving the portfolio addressing illicit networks as well as advising on its strategy in three other key areas: confronting violent extremism, expanding freedom of expression in closed societies and securing citizens in weak states. Prior to joining Google, Scott founded and directed Project Fikra as the Keston Family Fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, an effort to use connective technologies to share ideas among Arab democrats and connect them with each other and to policy makers in the US, Europe and elsewhere. Previously, Scott served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of Near East Affairs where he helped conceive and implement the Middle East Partnership Initiative before being named Coordinator for the Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative. His other roles in government include director of governance for the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq and Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Human Rights and Democracy. 

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James Cartwright
James Cartwright
Harold Brown Chair in Defense Policy Studies, Center for Strategic and International Studies

General James Cartwright retired from active duty on 1 September 2011, after 40 years of service in the United States Marine Corps.  Unique among Marines, General Cartwright served as Commander, US Strategic Command, before being nominated and appointed as the 8th Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the nation’s second highest military officer. General Cartwright served his four year tenure as Vice Chairman across two Presidential administrations and constant military operations against diverse and evolving enemies. General Cartwright currently serves as the inaugural holder of the Harold Brown Chair in Defense Policy Studies for the Center for Strategic & International Studies. In addition, General Cartwright serves as a member of The Raytheon Company Board of Directors, a Harvard Belfer Center Senior Fellow, and a defense consultant for ABC News. 

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Wendy Chamberlin
Wendy Chamberlin
President, Middle East Institute

Wendy Chamberlin has been president of the Middle East Institute since 2007. Previously, as deputy high commissioner for refugees from 2004 to 2007, she supervised the administration of the U.N. humanitarian organization. A 29-year veteran of the U.S. Foreign Service, she was ambassador to Pakistan from 2001 to 2002, where she played a key role in securing Pakistan’s cooperation in the U.S.-led campaign against al-Qaeda in Afghanistan in the wake of the terrorist attacks against the U.S. on September 11. Ambassador Chamberlin served as director of global affairs and counter-terrorism at the National Security Council and as deputy in the bureau of international counter-narcotics and law enforcement affairs. Other assignments included U.S. ambassador to the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (1996- 1999), director of press and public affairs for the Near East Bureau (1991-1993), deputy chief of mission in Kuala Lumpur (1993-1996), Arab-Israeli affairs (1982-1984) and postings in Morocco, Pakistan, Malaysia, Laos, and Zaire. 

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Rajiv Chandrasekaran
Rajiv Chandrasekaran
Senior Correspondent and Associate Editor, The Washington Post

Mr. Rajiv Chandrasekaran is the Associate Editor of The Washington Post. Prior to his appointment as Associate Editor, Mr. Chandrasekaran served as National Editor and also headed the Post's Continuous News department, which reports and edits breaking news stories for washingtonpost.com.  From April 2003 to October 2004, he was the Post's bureau chief in Baghdad. Before the U.S.-led war in Iraq, he was the Post's bureau chief in Cairo. Prior to that assignment, he was the Post’s Southeast Asia correspondent, based in Jakarta, Indonesia. He took a sabbatical from the Post in 2005 to serve as the journalist in residence at the International Reporting Project at the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies in Washington and as a public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington.  Mr. Chandrasekaran is the author of Imperial Life in the Emerald City which won the Overseas Press Club book award. 

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Sarah Chayes
Sarah Chayes
Senior Associate, South Asia Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Ms. Sarah Chayes is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program and the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment. Formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, she is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations. She is working on correlations between acute public corruption and the rise of militant extremism. Ms. Chayes became special adviser to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen, contributing to strategic policy on Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Arab Spring. Ms. Chayes is author of The Punishment of Virtue: Inside Afghanistan After the Taliban (Penguin Press HC, 2006). She is a contributing writer for the Los Angeles Times opinion section, and her articles have appeared in the Washington Post, the New York Times, and the Atlantic, among other publications.

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Joe Cirincione
Joe Cirincione
President, Ploughshares Fund

Mr. Joe Cirincione is President of Ploughshares Fund, a global security foundation. He previously served as Vice President for National Security and International Policy at the Center for American Progress and Director for Non-Proliferation at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is the author of Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World Before It Is Too Late (forthcoming, Columbia University Press), Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons and is the author or editor of five other books on nuclear weapons and national security policy.  Cirincione serves on the Secretary of State’s International Security Advisory Board, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and teaches at the graduate School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. Cirincione worked for nine years in the U.S. House of Representatives on the professional staff of the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Government Operations. 

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Lamine Cissé
Lamine Cissé
Former Chief of Defense Staff, Former Minister of Interior, UN Coordinator SSR Guinea, Senegalese Armed Forces

The Army General Lamine Cissé, born in 1939 in Senegal, was a general officer before becoming the Chief of the General Staff of the Armies, Minister of the Interior and Bureau Chief of the West African United Nations. Cissé graduated from the Special Military School of Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan (France) in 1963. Upon returning to Senegal in 1978 after leading observers to supervise the cease-fire between the Moro Liberation Front and the Government of the Philippines, he was appointed Deputy Logistics Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces and Chief of General Studies Division. On July 1, 1996, Cissé became the 7th Chief of Staff of the Senegalese Army. On September 12, Ban Ki-Moon, temporarily assigned Cissé as the head of the UN Office West Africa. Cissé is the president and founder of the International Observatory for Democracy and Crisis Management and Conflict based in Dakar(founded in 2000). In February 2010, ECOWAS and the UN Office of West Africa sent a mission to Guinea. 

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Tom Clark
Tom Clark
Chief Political Correspondent, Global News and Host, The West Block with Tom Clark

Mr. Tom Clark is Chief Political Correspondent for Global News and Host of the network’s flagship political show The West Block with Tom Clark. With Tom at the helm the show has become the most watched political show in Canada. Tom is one of Canada's most recognized and respected journalists. He has interviewed every Prime Minister since Lester B. Pearson and covered every federal election campaign since 1974. Before joining Global News, he was CTV bureau chief in Beijing during the early 1980's, and spent five years as the bureau chief in Washington DC. Tom has spent much of his career travelling the world, reporting from 33 countries and six active war zones, most recently Afghanistan. He was in Berlin when the wall fell and in Tiananmen Square the night the Chinese army attacked.

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Steve Clemons
Steve Clemons
Washington Editor-at-Large, The Atlantic and Editor-in-Chief AtlanticLIVE & QuartzLIVE

Mr. Steve Clemons is Washington Editor-At-Large for The Atlantic and Editor-in-Chief of AtlanticLIVE and QuartzLIVEHe is also Editor-at-Large for Quartz. At AtlanticLIVE, The Atlantic’s premium events division, Clemons develops concepts and editorial content and leads programs as an interviewer, moderator, and host. Clemons joined The Atlantic in June 2011 from the New America Foundation, a think tank devoted to pragmatic, non-ideological policy innovation, and intellectual entrepreneurship. He helped launch the Foundation twelve years ago, served as its Executive Vice President for eight years, founded its American Strategy Program, and continues to serve there as a Senior Fellow. Mr. Clemons also served as Executive Vice President of the Economic Strategy Institute, as Senior Policy Advisor on Economic and International Affairs to Senator Jeff Bingaman (D-NM), and as the first Executive Director of the Nixon Center. He is also a member of the World Economic Forum Council on Geopolitical Risk. 

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Susan Collins
Susan Collins
Senator, United States

Susan M. Collins was first elected to represent Maine in the United States Senate in 1996. Senator Collins serves on the powerful Senate Appropriations Committee, the Select Committee on Intelligence, and as Ranking Member of the Special Committee on Aging. She previously served as the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee and served on the Armed Services Committee. Senator Collins was also the first freshman senator to ever lead Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. On July 12, 2012, Senator Collins cast her 5,000th consecutive roll call vote. She has never missed a roll call vote during her entire time in the U.S. Senate. 

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Diana Quintero Cuello
Diana Quintero Cuello
Deputy Defense Minister for Strategy and Planning, Ministry of Defense, Colombia

Diana Quintero Cuello, economist, was named Deputy Minister for Strategy and Planning of the Colombian Ministry of National Defense on Nov 1, 2011. She came to the position after serving as Director of Investments and Public Finance at the National Planning Department, Director of Sectorial Studies at the Ministry of National Defense, Deputy Director of Budget Consolidation at the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, and Assistant to the Superior Council of Fiscal Policy at the same Ministry. In her academic experience, she earned a BA and MA degree in economics from Universidad de los Andes in Colombia and a MA degree in Public Administration at John F. Kennedy School of Govern- ment from Harvard University in Cambridge MA. 

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Mary (Missy) Cummings
Mary (Missy) Cummings
Associate Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Ms. Missy Cummings received her B.S. in Mathematics from the US Naval Academy in 1988, her M.S. in Space Systems Engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in 1994, and her Ph.D. in Systems Engineering from the University of Virginia in 2004. A naval officer and military pilot from 1988-1999, she was one of the Navy's first female fighter pilots. She is currently an associate professor in the Duke University Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science and the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences. She is also the director of the MIT Humans and Automation Laboratory. Her research interests include human supervisory control, human-unmanned vehicle interaction, human-autonomous system collaboration, human-systems engineering, and the ethical and social impact of technology.

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Arnaud Danjean
Arnaud Danjean
Chair, Subcommittee on Security and Defense, European Parliament

Mr. Arnaud Danjean is the Member of the European Parliament (France, EPP/UMP) Chairman of the Subcommittee on "Security and Defence" Member of the Foreign Affairs Committee. He's also, since 2010, an elected member of the Regional Assembly of Burgundy Member of the French centre-right party UMP, where he's in charge of the European Defense policy. Elected to the European Parliament in June 2009, he's a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee and chairman of the Subcommittee on Security and Defense. After an assignment in Geneva to the French Representation to the United Nations (2002-2005), he joined the cabinet of the French Minister for Foreign Affairs as a personal adviser for South-Eastern Europe and Afghanistan (2005-2007). He served as a civil servant within the French Ministry of Defence from 1994 to 2002, with numerous postings in the Balkans (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo) and as adviser to the head of French External Intelligence Directorate (DGSE) from 2000 to 2002.

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Mikheil Darchiashvili
Mikheil Darchiashvili
Deputy Minister of Defense, Georgia

Mikheil Darchiashvili currently serves as the Deputy Minister of Defense in the Georgian Ministry of Defense, but has held a variety of positions in the Georgian government. Prior to his role as Deputy Minister of Defense, Darchiashvili served as Minister Plenipotentiary in the Embassy of Georgia to the United States of America. Before being elevated to that role, he worked as Senior Political Counselor in the Embassy of Georgia to the United States of America. He was appointed First Secretary, Later Political Counselor for the Mission of Georgia to NATO; and from 2003-2004 he was Head of the Bilateral Political- Military Cooperation Division Political-Military Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia. 

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Premvir Das
Premvir Das
Executive Council, Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses, India

Vice Admiral P.S. Das retired from the Indian Navy in 1998 as Commander-in-Chief of the Eastern Naval Command. After retirement, Admiral Das was elected to the Executive Councils of the Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) and the United Service Institute (USI) two of the leading think tanks in India dealing with security and strategy issues. He is currently serving a fourth term in the council of the IDSA. He is a graduate of the Naval War College, USA, and holds a Master’s degree in Business Administration. Admiral Das is well known in the strategic community. He writes regularly for national newspapers and journals and has more than 300 published articles to his credit. He is a guest speaker at War Colleges of the Armed Forces and at the National Defence College. He is a member of important Track II strategic dialogues with the USA, China, Japan, Russia, Turkey and Singapore and has served as member of India’s National Security Advisory Board.

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Howard Dean
Howard Dean
Founder, Democracy for America

Governor Howard Dean, former DNC Chairman, presidential candidate, six term Governor and physician, currently works as a part time independent consultant focusing on the areas of health care, early childhood development, alternative energy and the expansion of grassroots politics around the world. Governor Dean serves as a CNBC contributor and is the founder of Democracy for America. He also serves on the board of the National Democratic Institute.  Respected on both sides of the political aisle, he was chairman of the National Governors' Association and the Democratic Governors' Association. He left office in Vermont to run for President in 2003 where he implemented innovative fundraising strategies such as use of the Internet. As chairman of the Democratic National Committee, Governor Dean created and implemented the “50 State Strategy” and the development of 21stcentury campaign tools. Dean is credited with helping Democrats make historic gains in 2006 and 2008.

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Francis Delon
Francis Delon
Secretary General for Defense and National Security, Office of the Prime Minister, France

Mr. Francis Delon was appointed Secretary General for National Defense in 2004 and has served as Secretary General for Defense and National Security since 2010. He previously served as president of subsection five of the Litigation Division of the Council of State from 1997 to 2004. Concurrently, he was president of the Appeal Committee of the Organization for Joint Armament Cooperation, and a member of the Board of Directors of the French National Library. Mr. Delon was the principal chief of staff for the Minister of National Education, higher education and research, and previously served as Director for International Affairs and Cooperation at the Ministry of National Education as well as being its senior civil servant for defense issues. From 1988 to 1994, Mr. Delon held the position of First Counselor and Legal Adviser at the Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations in New York. He graduated from ENA, France's school of public management. 

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Jackson Diehl
Jackson Diehl
Deputy Editorial Page Editor, The Washington Post

Mr. Jackson Diehl is Deputy Editorial Page Editor of The Washington Post. He is an editorial writer specializing in foreign affairs and writes a biweekly column that appears on Mondays. Diehl joined The Post in June 1978 as a reporter on the Metro staff. He joined the foreign desk in 1981, working as a correspondent from January 1982 until July 1992 in three of The Post’s bureaus: Buenos Aires, Warsaw and Jerusalem. From October 1992 until November 2000, Diehl worked in several newsroom management positions, including assistant managing editor/foreign and assistant managing editor/national. He became Deputy Editorial Page Editor in 2001. Diehl was awarded the Inter-American Press Association Award for Interpretive Journalism in 1984 for his coverage of South America, and the Bob Considine Award of the Overseas Press Association in 1990 for his coverage of the 1989 revolution in Eastern Europe. 

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Paula Dobriansky
Paula Dobriansky
Senior Fellow, JFK Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University

Ambassador Paula J. Dobriansky is a Senior Fellow at Harvard University's JFK Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Previously, she was Senior Vice President and Global Head of Government and Regulatory Affairs from 2010 to 2012 at Thomson Reuters. She also held the Distinguished National Security Chair at the U.S. Naval Academy.   From 2001-2009, Ambassador Dobriansky served as Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs; and in February 2007, she was appointed the President's Special Envoy on Northern Ireland. She received the Secretary of State's highest honor, the Distinguished Service Medal for her work in these positions. Other government appointments include:  Associate Director for Policy and Programs at USIA, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, Deputy Head of the US Delegation to the 1990 Copenhagen Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council, the White House.  From 1997-2001, she served on the Presidentially appointed U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.  Ambassador Dobriansky also served as Senior Vice President and Director of the Washington office of the Council on Foreign Relations and was the Council's first George F. Kennan senior fellow for Russian and Eurasian studies.  She has a B.S.F.S summa cum laude from Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and an M.A. and Ph.D in Soviet political/military affairs from Harvard University. 

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Gary Doer
Gary Doer
Ambassador of Canada to the United States of America, Embassy of Canada to the United States

In October 2009, Gary Doer assumed his responsibilities as Canada's 23rd representative to the United States of America. Prior to taking up his current position in Washington, Ambassador Doer served as Premier of Manitoba for ten years. During that time, he worked extensively with US Governors to enhance Canada-US cooperation on trade, agriculture, water protection, climate change and renewable energy.  Ambassador Doer won three consecutive elections as Premier of Manitoba with successive increased majorities. In 2005, he was named by Business Week magazine as one of the top 20 international leaders on climate change.  His government introduced balanced budgets during each of his ten years in office while reducing many taxes, including a plan to eliminate small business tax. As Premier, he led strategic investments in health care, education, and training and infrastructure.  Ambassador Doer hails from Winnipeg. He is married with two daughters.

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Lyse Doucet
Lyse Doucet
Chief International Correspondent, BBC

Ms. Lyse Doucet is the BBC’s award winning Chief International Correspondent who attended the forum in 2009 and 2013. She is a presenter for BBC World News TV and BBC World Service radio and is often deployed to anchor special news coverage from the field and report across the BBC. She played a key role in the BBC’s coverage of the “Arab Uprisings “ across the Middle East and North Africa. She is a regular visitor to Afghanistan and Pakistan from where she has been reporting for the past two decades. Her work has also focused on major natural disasters including the Indian Ocean tsunami, and more recently Pakistan floods. Before joining the BBC’s team of presenters in 1999, Ms. Doucet spent 15 years as a BBC foreign correspondent with postings in Jerusalem, Tehran, Amman, Kabul, Islamabad, and Abidjan. Ms. Doucet was born in eastern Canada and has a Masters degree in International Relations from the University of Toronto and a BA Honours from Queen’s University at Kingston.

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Dean Fealk
Dean Fealk
Partner and Group Chair, DLA Piper

Mr. Dean Fealk heads the Global Equity practice at DLA Piper. He advises leading multinational companies on a wide range of legal and strategic issues related to doing business overseas. Prior to joining DLA Piper, Mr. Fealk practiced at leading international law firms in both Silicon Valley and Asia. He has served as a consultant to the World Bank on issues of regulatory reform and business climate and has taught as an adjunct professor or guest lecturer at the law schools of UC Berkeley, UC Hastings, Santa Clara University and Kyunghee University. Active in civic affairs and public policy, Mr. Fealk is a Fulbright Scholar, a Truman National Security Fellow and a Carnegie New Leader of the Carnegie Council. He acts as lead outside counsel to the Halifax International Security Forum and sits on the board of directors of the Foundation for Sustainable Development.

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Dexter Filkins
Dexter Filkins
Foreign Correspondent, The New Yorker

Mr. Dexter Filkins joined The New Yorker in January of 2011. Before coming to The New Yorker, Filkins had been with the New York Times since 2000, reporting from Afghanistan, Pakistan, New York, and Iraq, where he was based from 2003 to 2006. He has also worked for the Miami Herald and the Los Angeles Times, where he was chief of the paper’s New Delhi bureau. In 2009, he won a Pulitzer Prize as part of a team of New York Timesreporters in Pakistan and Afghanistan. He was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University in 2006-07 and a fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government in 2007-08. He has received numerous prizes, including two George Polk Awards and three Overseas Press Club Awards. His 2008 book, “The Forever War” won the National Book Critics Circle Award for Best Nonfiction Book, and was named a best book of the year by the New York Times, the Washington PostTime, and the Boston Globe.

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Helga Flores Trejo
Helga Flores Trejo
Foreign Policy Fellow, The Brookings Institute

Ms. Helga Flores Trejo is a foreign policy expert who has lived and worked in Bonn, Berlin, Belgrade, Washington D.C. and Brasilia. Currently she is the Principal External Relations Advisor for the Inter-American Development Bank where she leads the sustainability work in Latin America. Prior, she worked in Brasil leading communications and strategic relations for the Inter-American Development Bank. She has served for six years as Executive Director of the Heinrich Boell Foundation office in Washington, a foreign policy, democracy and development German think tank. Prior to leading the Foundation, Ms. Flores Trejo worked in the Balkans as Senior Advisor at the Belgrade Mission of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe(OSCE), where she directed a program on parliamentary oversight of the military and security services in the region. Before that she worked as Chief of Staff for the Government of Hamburg and Senior Advisor on foreign policy and development in the German Bundestag.

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Christopher Fomunyoh
Christopher Fomunyoh
Senior Associate and Regional DIrector for Central and West Africa, National Democratic Institute

Dr. Christopher Fomunyoh has organized and advised international election observation missions to nearly a dozen African countries, and designed and supervised country specific democracy support programs with civic organizations, political parties and legislative bodies in nearly twenty African Countries. As an expert on democratization in Africa, Dr. Fomunyoh makes frequent guest appearances on major radio and television networks including CNN, BBC, NewsHour, National Public Radio and provides interviews for major national and international newspapers, including the Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Washington Post, and Le Monde. He has published a number of articles in academic journals on African politics and democratization. Dr. Fomunyoh holds a Licence en Droit from Yaoundé University in Cameroon, a master’s degree (LL.M.) in international law from Harvard Law School; and a Ph.D. in political science from Boston University. 

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Liam Fox
Liam Fox
Member of Parliament, House of Commons, United Kingdom

Dr. Liam Fox was elected as a member of the British Parliament for North Somerset in 1992. In 1993, he was appointed parliamentary private secretary to Home Secretary Michael Howard and in 1994 assistant government whip and then senior government whip. Dr. Fox was a minister at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1996 to 1997, before his appointment as Opposition Front Bench spokesman on constitutional affairs. He also served as shadow secretary of state for health, shadow foreign secretary, and shadow secretary of state for defence. He was secretary of state for defence from May 2010 to October 2011. Dr. Fox studied medicine at the University of Glasgow, worked as a civilian army medical officer and served in the voluntary sector as a divisional surgeon for St Johns before working as a general practitioner. 

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Ulf Gartzke
Ulf Gartzke
Managing Partner & Founder, Spitzberg Partners LLC

Dr. Ulf Gartzke is the Managing Partner and a Founder of Spitzberg Partners LLC, a New York-based boutique corporate advisory firm. Between 2004 and 2013, Dr. Gartzke was Director of the Hanns-Seidel-Foundation’s Washington office, which is the political foundation for Germany’s ruling CSU party, and where he was responsible for relations with the United States and Canada. Previously, Ulf Gartzke worked at the World Economic Forum in Geneva, where he was in charge of the Forum’s engagement with the global automotive industry. Ulf Gartzke studied international relations at the University of Augsburg, Georgetown University, Sciences Po Paris, and holds a PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Dr. Gartzke also teaches at Georgetown University’s BMW Center for German and European Studies. Ulf Gartzke is a frequent commentator on European and international affairs and speaks German, English, French, and Spanish.

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Neil Gershenfeld
Neil Gershenfeld
Director, Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Center for Bits and Atoms

Neil Gershenfeld's unique laboratory is breaking down boundaries between the digital and physical worlds, from creating molecular quantum computers to virtuosic musical instruments. Technology from his lab has been seen and used in settings including New York's Museum of Modern Art and rural Indian villages, the White House and the World Economic Forum, inner-city community centers and automobile safety systems, Las Vegas shows and Sami herds. He is the author of numerous technical publications, patents, and books including Fab, When Things Start To Think, The Nature of Mathematical Modeling, and The Physics of Information Technology, and has been featured in media such as The New York Times, The Economist, NPR, CNN, and PBS. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, has been named one of Scientific American's 50 leaders in science and technology, as one of 40 Modern-Day Leonardos by the Museum of Science and Industry, has been selected as a CNN/Time/Fortune Principal Voice, and by Prospect/Foreign Policy as one of the top 100 public intellectuals. Dr. Gershenfeld has a BA in Physics with High Honors from Swarthmore College, a Ph.D. in Applied Physics from Cornell University, honorary doctorates from Swarthmore College and Strathclyde University, was a Junior Fellow of the Harvard University Society of Fellows, and a member of the research staff at Bell Labs.

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Amos Gilad
Amos Gilad
Head of the Political, Military and Policy Bureau, Ministry of Defense, Israel

Major General (Ret.) Amos Gilad currently serves as director of policy and political military affairs at the Israeli Ministry of Defense as well as chair of security relations with regional and strategic partners. Prior to his discharge from the Israeli Defense Forces in 2003, he worked as coordinator of government activities in the territories (2001-2003); head of the Military Intelligence Research Division and responsible for the overall national intelligence assessment (1996-2001); and IDF spokesperson (1994-1996). Mr. Gilad holds a master’s degree in political science and national security studies from Haifa University in conjunction with the National Security College. He received two awards from the American Defense Establishment “Legion of Merits” and the DIA Director’s Award.

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John K. Glenn
John K. Glenn
Policy Director, U.S. Global Leadership Coalition

Dr. John K. Glenn is policy director of the US Global Leadership Coalition, a broad-based network of businesses and NGOs that supports US global engagement through a "smart power" approach of elevating diplomacy and development alongside defense. He is also adjunct faculty at The George Washington University's Elliott School for International Affairs, where he teaches a graduate seminar on transatlantic relations. Dr. Glenn previously led Transatlantic Trends, an annual survey of foreign policy attitudes in the United States and Europe, while director of foreign policy at the German Marshall Fund of the United States. He is the author of numerous books, articles, and policy briefs and has appeared frequently in the media as a commentator on foreign policy. Dr. Glenn holds a PhD and MA in sociology from Harvard University and a bachelor's degree from Oberlin College. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Ambassador Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović took up her position as NATO’s Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy on 4 July 2011. Having served as Croatia’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration and, more recently, as Croatia’s Ambassador to the United States (2008 – 2011), Ambassador Grabar-Kitarović is well-versed in Euro-Atlantic diplomacy and security issues. Born in Rijeka, Croatia, Ambassador Grabar-Kitarović holds a masters degree in international relations from the Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb. She has been a Fulbright Scholar at the George Washington University, a Luksic Fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and a visiting scholar at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of the Johns Hopkins University in Washington, DC. She is the first woman ever to be appointed Assistant Secretary General of NATO.

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Camille Grand
Camille Grand
Director, The Foundation for Strategic Research

Dr. Camille Grand has been the Director of the Foundation for Strategic Research, the leading French think tank on defense and security, since September 2008. Prior to this assignment, he was Deputy Director for disarmament and multilateral affairs in the directorate for strategic, security, and disarmament affairs of the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. Dr. Grand was previously the deputy diplomatic adviser to French Defense Minister Mrs. Alliot-Marie. He also served as an expert on nuclear policy and nonproliferation in the Strategic Affairs Department of the French Ministry of Defense. Dr. Grand has taught graduate courses in international and security affairs at Sciences Po Paris and at the École Nationale d'Administration. Dr. Grand primarily focuses on current strategic affairs, including European security, nuclear policy, nonproliferation, and disarmament. 

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Jonathan W. Greenert
Jonathan W. Greenert
Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy

Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert is a native of Butler, Pennsylvania. He graduated from the US Naval Academy in 1975 and completed studies in nuclear power for service as a submarine officer.  Admiral Greenert has served in various fleet support and financial management positions, including deputy chief of Naval Operations for Integration of Capabilities and Resources (N8); deputy commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet; chief of staff, U.S. 7th Fleet; head, Navy Programming Branch and director, Operations Division Navy Comptroller. Most recently he served as 36th vice chief of naval operations.  He is a recipient of various personal and campaign awards including the Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal and Legion of Merit. In 1992 he was awarded the Vice Admiral Stockdale Award for inspirational leadership. He considers those awards earned throughout his career associated with unit performance to be most satisfying and representative of naval service. Admiral Greenert became the 30th Chief of Naval Operations Sep. 23, 2011.

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Chuck Hagel
Chuck Hagel
Secretary of Defense, US Department of Defense

Secretary Chuck Hagel was sworn in as the 24th Secretary of Defense on February 27, 2013 becoming the first enlisted combat veteran to lead the Department of Defense, having earned numerous military decorations and honors, including two Purple Hearts, during his service. In 1981, Secretary Hagel was nominated by President Ronald Reagan to serve as Deputy Administrator of the Veterans Administration. In 1996, Secretary Hagel was elected to the United States Senate and represented Nebraska until 2009. Following his Senate career, Secretary Hagel served as Co-Chairman of President Obama’s Intelligence Advisory Board and a member of the Secretary of Defense Policy Board. He was a Distinguished Professor in the Practice of National Governance at the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and Chairman of the Atlantic Council, a non-partisan institution devoted to promoting transatlantic cooperation and international security. Secretary Hagel is author of the 2008 book America: Our Next Chapter

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Joseph Hall
Joseph Hall
Vice President, Halifax International Security Forum

Based overseas for 15 years, Mr. Joseph Hall has returned to the U.S. to join the leadership of Halifax International Security Forum. Mr. Hall most recently served as senior advisor for the Middle East and North Africa and senior director for Lebanon for the National Democratic Institute in Beirut. Since 1997, he has provided strategic advice to civic organizations and political parties throughout the Middle East, West Africa and the former Soviet Union and has conducted election observation and civic programs in the West Bank and Gaza, Azerbaijan, Sierra Leone, Egypt and Lebanon. Mr. Hall opened the first NDI office in Cairo in 2005 and had the privilege to be in Cairo in January and February of 2011. He has more than 30 years experience in nonprofit management and fundraising and has served on the boards of directors of national advocacy organizations and philanthropic institutions in the US and abroad. He maintains a home in Washington, DC and in the mountains of Lebanon.

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Aleqa Hammond
Aleqa Hammond
Premier, Government of Greenland

Premier Aleqa Hammond is the first female Greenlandic Prime Minister. She was first elected to Greenland’s Parliament in 2005, where she was elected with the 5th highest number of personal votes.  She has served as Minister of Family and Justice as well as Foreign Affairs and Finance. During her service she has experienced being the only female Minister in government. Ms. Hammond was named Chair of the Siumut Party in 2009, after an election defeat prompted the resignation of the former Chairman. Ms. Hammond was educated at Arctic College in Nunavut and University of Greenland.

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Husain Haqqani
Husain Haqqani
Senior Fellow and Director for South and Central Asia, Hudson Institute

Ambassador Husain Haqqani served as Pakistan's ambassador to the United States from 2008-2011 and is widely credited with managing a difficult partnership during a critical phase in the global war on terrorism. He is currently Director for South and Central Asia at Hudson Institute in Washington DC and Professor of the Practice of International Relations at Boston University. He has been a journalist, academic and diplomat in addition to serving as advisor to four Pakistani Prime Ministers, including the late Benazir Bhutto. His 2005 book Pakistan Between Mosque and Military was acclaimed for explaining the roots of Pakistan’s foreign and domestic policies and sold more copies than any other acaJane Harman resigned from Congress February 28, 2011 to join the Woodrow Wilson Center as its first female Director, President and CEO. Representing the aerospace center of California during nine terms in Congress, she served on all the major security committees: six years on Armed Services, eight years on Intelligence, and eight on Homeland Security.  During her long public career, Harman has been recognized as a national expert at the nexus of security and public policy issues.  She received the Defense Department Medal for Distinguished Service in 1998, the CIA Seal Medal in 2007, and the CIA Director’s Award and the Director of National Intelligence Distinguished Public Service Medal in 2011.  She is a member of the Defense Policy Board, State Department Foreign Policy Board, the Director of National Intelligence’s Senior Advisory Group, the Homeland Security Advisory Committee.   She was a member of the CIA External Advisory Board from 2011 to 2013.  Harman is a Trustee of the Aspen Institute and the University of Southern California.  A product of Los Angeles public schools, Harman is a magna cum laude graduate of Smith College, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and Harvard Law School. Prior to serving in Congress, she was a top aide in the United States Senate, Deputy Cabinet Secretary to President Jimmy Carter, Special Counsel to the Department of Defense, and in private law practice. She has four adult children and four grandchildren.demic book on Pakistan in the last decade. His next book Magnificent Delusions: US, Pakistan and an Epic History of Misunderstanding is due in November 2013.

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Jane Harman
Jane Harman
Director, President and CEO, Woodrow Wilson Center

Jane Harman resigned from Congress February 28, 2011 to join the Woodrow Wilson Center as its first female Director, President and CEO. Representing the aerospace center of California during nine terms in Congress, she served on all the major security committees: six years on Armed Services, eight years on Intelligence, and eight on Homeland Security.  During her long public career, Harman has been recognized as a national expert at the nexus of security and public policy issues.  She received the Defense Department Medal for Distinguished Service in 1998, the CIA Seal Medal in 2007, and the CIA Director’s Award and the Director of National Intelligence Distinguished Public Service Medal in 2011.  She is a member of the Defense Policy Board, State Department Foreign Policy Board, the Director of National Intelligence’s Senior Advisory Group, the Homeland Security Advisory Committee.   She was a member of the CIA External Advisory Board from 2011 to 2013.  Harman is a Trustee of the Aspen Institute and the University of Southern California.  A product of Los Angeles public schools, Harman is a magna cum laude graduate of Smith College, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and Harvard Law School. Prior to serving in Congress, she was a top aide in the United States Senate, Deputy Cabinet Secretary to President Jimmy Carter, Special Counsel to the Department of Defense, and in private law practice. She has four adult children and four grandchildren.

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Jeanine Antoinette Hennis-Plasschaert
Jeanine Antoinette Hennis-Plasschaert
Minister of Defense, Ministry of Defense, Kingdom of the Netherlands

Minister Jeanine Antoinette Hennis-Plasschaert started working at the Directorate-General Enlargement of the European Commission in Brussels. During that time she also spent two years working for the EC in Riga, Latvia. From 2000 to 2002, she worked as a consultant for KPMG after which she became the political assistant to one of the municipal executive board members Amsterdam, a position she held until 2004. From 2004 to 2010, Mrs. Hennis-Plasschaert became a Member of the European Parliament for the VVD (People's Party for Freedom and Democracy). As MEP, she was a member of, among other things, the Committee on Transport and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs. On 17 June 2010, Mrs. Hennis-Plasschaert was elected as Member of the Dutch House of Representatives for the VVD. On 5 November 2012, Mrs. J.A. Hennis-Plasschaert was appointed Minister of Defence in the Rutte-Asscher government.

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Steven Heydemann
Steven Heydemann
Vice President of the Center for Applied Research on Conflict, US Institute of Peace

Steven Heydemann, PhD serves as Vice President of the Center for Applied Research on Conflict at the US Institute of Peace, where he has also held the position of special advisor for Middle East initiatives. Heydemann is a political scientist who specializes in the comparative politics and the political economy of the Middle East, with a particular focus on Syria. His interests include authoritarian governance, economic development, social policy, political and economic reform and civil society. From 2003 to 2007, Heydemann directed the Center for Democracy and Civil Society at Georgetown University. From 1997 to 2001, he was an associate professor in the department of political science at Columbia University. Earlier, from 1990-1997, he directed the Social Science Research Council’s Program on International Peace and Security and Program on the Near and Middle East. 

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Rodrigo Hinzpeter
Rodrigo Hinzpeter
Minister of National Defense, Ministry of National Defense, Chile

Mr. Rodrigo Hinzpeter was appointed Minister of National Defence on November 5, 2012, after being head of the Interior Ministry from March 10, 2010, period in which highlights the promulgation of the law creating the new Ministry of the Interior and Public Security, been the first citizen to hold this position. With a remarkable professional career, Mr. Hinzpeter has been advisor and director of different enterprises. Member of the Chilean Bar Association, he served as a foreign lawyer at the Simpson, Thatcher & Bartlett firm in New York City. He has combined his lawyer and academic activity with highly relevant political participation, being founder, National Secretary, first Vice-president and a member of the Political Commission of Renovación Nacional political party. In 2009 he was general coordinator for the campaign that took President Piñera in to office.

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Heather Hurlburt
Heather Hurlburt
Executive Director, National Security Network

Ms. Hurlburt is the Executive Director of the National Security Network. Previously, she ran her own communications and strategy practice, working on global and political issues. From 1995-2001, she served in the Clinton Administration as special assistant and speechwriter to the President, speechwriter for Secretaries of State Albright and Christopher, and member of the State Department’s Policy Planning staff. Ms. Hurlburt has also worked for the International Crisis Group, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the Congressional Helsinki Commission. She comments frequently in print and new media. Ms. Hurlburt holds a B.A. from Brown University and M.A. from the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Wolfgang Ischinger
Wolfgang Ischinger
Chairman, Munich Security Conference

The Honorable Wolfgang Ischinger is Chairman of the Munich Security Conference and Global Head of Governmental Relations, Allianz SE (since 2008). He is also a Member of the Supervisory Board of Allianz Deutschland AG, Munich. He has been Germany’s Ambassador to the Court of St. James’ (2006-08) and he served as Germany’s Ambassador to the United States of America (2001-2006). In 2007, he was the European Union’s Representative in the Troika negotiations on Kosovo. Mr. Ischinger was State Secretary (Deputy Foreign Minister) at the German Foreign Office (1998-2001). From 1993 - 95, he was Director of Policy Planning at the German Foreign Ministry, and from 1995 - 98 he was the German Political Director representing Germany at a number of international negotiating processes, including the Bosnia peace talks at Dayton, Ohio, and the negotiations on NATO and EU enlargement. Mr. Ischinger has published widely on foreign policy as well as on European and transatlantic issues. 

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Bruce Jackson
Bruce Jackson
Founder and President of the Project on Transitional Democracies

Mr. Bruce Jackson is the founder and president of the Project on Transitional Democracies, a multi-year endeavor aimed at accelerating the pace of reform in post-1989 democracies and advancing the date for the integration of these democracies into the institutions of the Euro-Atlantic. From 1979 to 1990, Mr. Jackson served in the United States Army as a military intelligence officer. He also worked in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and served as vice president for strategy and planning at Lockheed Martin Corporation. Mr. Jackson also served as president of the US Committee on NATO. He has been recognized for his work on democratic change and European integration by numerous governments and has written extensively on the engagement of Russia and Eastern European democracies by the EU and the US.

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Charles Jacoby
Charles Jacoby
Commander, United States Northern Command, North American Aerospace Defense Command

General Charles H. Jacoby, Jr. is the Commander of North American Aerospace Defense Command and United States Northern Command, headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado.  A 1978 West Point graduate, he holds an M.A. in History from the University of Michigan.  He has commanded at the platoon, company, battalion, joint task force, corps, and U.S. Army Alaska levels, as well as being the Commanding General, Multi-National Corps-Iraq, and Deputy Commanding General, Combined Joint Task Force-76 and Operation ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan.  Prior to his current assignment, General Jacoby was Director, Strategic Plans and Policy (J5), The Joint Staff, Pentagon.     

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Roman Jakič
Roman Jakič
Minister of Defense, Republic of Slovenia

Minister Roman Jakič is a deputy in the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia.  He was appointed Minister of Defense in 2013. Minister Jakič’s first political role saw him serve as Deputy of the Chamber of associated Labour of the Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia from 1990-1992. From 1993 to 1996, he was Secretary-General of the Liberal Academy, and Vice President and Secretary-General of the International Federation of Liberal Youth. From 1996 to 2000, he was Deputy of the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia. Minister Jakič has a long and distinguised history serving the sporting needs of the Slovenian people. He served as President of the Slovenian Atheltics Association from 2001-2005 and still found the time to serve as a MEP from 2003 to 2004. Additionally, he was Director of Javni zavod Šport Ljubljana from 2008-2009 and has served as President of the the Subcommittee for disability Sports since 2006. 

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Cesar Jaramillo
Cesar Jaramillo
Program Officer, Project Ploughshares

Cesar Jaramillo works on the Space Security and Nuclear Disarmament programs. He manages the Space Security Index (SSI), an international research consortium focused on research and analysis of space security trends, and is managing editor of the SSI’s annual report. Cesar also leads the implementation of Ploughshares’ nuclear disarmament initiatives. He graduated from the University of Waterloo with an MA in global governance and has bachelor’s degrees in honours political science and in journalism. Prior to joining Project Ploughshares, Cesar held a fellowship at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), an international think-tank that addresses international governance challenges. 

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Josef Joffe
Josef Joffe
Publisher-Editor, Die Zeit

Dr. Josef Joffe is publisher-editor of the German weekly Die Zeit. Previously, he was columnist and editorial page editor of Süd- deutsche Zeitung (1985-2000). He writes for numerous publications, including the New York Review of Books, Commentary, New Republic, Slate, Weekly Standard, Prospect (London), Commentaire (Paris), Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Washington Post, Time and Newsweek. In 2005, he co-founded the foreign policy journal The American Interest in Washington, where he serves on the Executive Committee. In addition to his work as a journalist, he is very active in academia. Dr. Joffe was appointed senior fellow at Stanford's Institute for International Studies and fellow in international relations at the Hoover Institution. He has taught at Harvard, Johns Hopkins, the University of Munich, Princeton and Dartmouth. Dr. Joffe is the author of numerous books and articles, most recently The Myth of America’s Decline (W.W. Norton, 2013). Dr. Joffe received his MA from Johns Hopkins University and PhD in Government from Harvard University. 

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Suat Kınıklıoğlu
Suat Kınıklıoğlu
Executive Director, Center for Strategic Communication (STRATIM), Former Member of Turkish Parliament

Mr. Kınıklıoğlu is the executive director of the Center for Strategic Communication and a columnist for Today's Zaman, an English-language daily in Turkey. From 2007 to 2011, he served as a Member of Parliament and the party's Deputy Chairman of External Affairs. Mr. Kınıklıoğlu was spokesman of the Parliament's Foreign Affairs Committee and chairman of the Turkey-US Inter-Parliamentary Friendship Group. He was founding director of the German Marshall Fund office in Ankara. Mr Kınıklıoğlu began his career as liaison officer in the Turkish Air Force in 1986. He earned a B.Sc. in Electronics from the Turkish Air Force Academy, a BA in Political Science from Carleton University in Canada, and a MA in International Relations from Bilkent University in Ankara. He is currently pursuing a PhD at Bilkent University. 

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Tim Kaine
Tim Kaine
Senator, United States

Senator Tim Kaine grew up in Kansas City and graduated from the University of Missouri and Harvard Law School. Tim began his public service career when he took a year off from law school to work with Jesuit missionaries in Honduras. After finishing law school, Tim practiced law for 18 years, specializing in representing people who had been denied housing due to their race or disability. He also began teaching at the University of Richmond, an association that continues to this day. Tim entered political life in 1994, running for the Richmond City Council to help bridge divisions in city leadership. He served until 2001 as a Councilman and Mayor. In 2001, Tim was elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia and worked for four years with then-Governor Mark Warner. In 2005, Tim was elected Virginia’s 70th Governor. During his tenure as Governor, Kaine cut the Virginia state budget by more than $5 billion, including a reduction in his own salary. 

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Eiichi Katahara
Eiichi Katahara
Professor and Director, Regional Studies Department, National Institute for Defense Studies

Mr. Eiichi Katahara is Professor and Director, Regional Studies Department at the National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS) of the Japanese Ministry of Defense. Prior to joining NIDS, he was Professor of International Relations at Kobe Gakuin University; a visiting fellow at Stanford University’s Asia-Pacific Research Center; a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California’s Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC); lecturer in the Department of Political Science and research fellow at the Australia-Japan Research Center both at the Australian National University. He is Editor-in-Chief of the East Asian Strategic Review 2013 (Tokyo: National Institute for Defense Studies, 2013) and the East Asian Strategic Review 2012 (Tokyo: National Institute for Defense Studies, 2012). He earned a Ph.D. in Asian and International Studies from Griffith University, an MA in International Relations from The Australian National University, and a BA in Economics from Keio University.

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Adam Kinzinger
Adam Kinzinger
Representative, United States

Adam Kinzinger was first sworn into the United States House of Representatives in January 2011. He serves as the Representative for the Sixteenth Congressional District of Illinois and was appointed to the Energy & Commerce Committee as well as the Foreign Affairs Committee. Kinzinger also serves as a Deputy Republican Whip. At the age of 34, Kinzinger is one of the youngest Members of Congress and was named one of Time Magazine’s 40 under 40 “Rising stars in American Politics.” Kinzinger became active in his community early on. As a 20-year old sophomore at Illinois State University (ISU), he challenged a three-term incumbent for the McLean County Board. Kinzinger advocated for restoring local government back into the hands of the people and won a seat on the board, becoming one of the youngest board members in McLean County history. After serving on the McLean County Board for five years, Kinzinger joined the United States Air Force. He holds the current rank of Major. 

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Rachel Kleinfeld
Rachel Kleinfeld
Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace - President Emeritus, Truman National Security Project

Dr. Rachel Kleinfeld served as the Founding CEO and President of the Truman National Security Project from its inception through 2013 and remains engaged as President Emeritus.  She is now a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she works on deepening the rule of law in other countries.  She has consulted for the World Bank, the EU, OECD, and multiple government agencies and private organizations, and was appointed to the Foreign Affairs Policy Board, the advisory body to the U.S. Department of State.  Rachel authored Advancing Rule of Law Reform Abroad: The Next Generation (2012) and co-authored Let There Be Light: A Market-Based Solution to Electrifying the Developing World (2011). Rachel received her B.A. from Yale University and her M. Phil and D. Phil in International Relations from St. Antony’s College, Oxford, which she attended as a Rhodes Scholar. She was born and raised in a log house on a dirt road in her beloved Fairbanks, Alaska. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Kathleen Koch
Kathleen Koch
Author and Journalist

Ms. Kathleen Koch is a Washington-based author, speaker, moderator and freelance journalist. She travels to disaster-stricken areas including Japan, the Jersey Shore and Greensburg, Kansas to speak to communities and their leaders about resilience and recovery. Koch developed her expertise while covering numerous disasters for CNN including Hurricane Katrina. She anchored two prize-winning documentaries on the recovery of her hometown, Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, and recorded its journey in a best-selling book, Rising from Katrina, which was named Best Non-fiction in the Southeast Region in the 2011 Independent Publisher Book Awards.  For 18 years, Koch was a CNN Washington correspondent specializing in aviation reporting and covering the Pentagon, White House and Capitol Hill where she received multiple awards including the Peabody.  In 2011, Koch led the largest letter-writing campaign in the United States to encourage the survivors of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan, collecting and distributing nearly 6000 cards and letters.

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David J. Kramer
David J. Kramer
President, Freedom House

Mr. David Kramer is President of Freedom House, which he joined in October 2010. Prior to joining Freedom House, Mr. Kramer was a Senior Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States. Before joining GMF, Mr. Kramer served as Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor from March 2008 to January 2009. He also was a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, responsible for Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus affairs as well as regional non-proliferation issues. Previously, he served as a Professional Staff Member in the Secretary of State’s Office of Policy Planning. Kramer has also served as an Adjunct Professor at the Elliott School for International Affairs at The George Washington University.  Additionally, Mr. Kramer is a member of the Board of Directors of the Halifax International Security Forum.  

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Ivan Krastev
Ivan Krastev
Chairman of the Board, Programme Director, Political Research, Centre for Liberal Studies

Mr. Ivan Krastev is chairman of the Centre for Liberal Strategies, Sofia, and permanent fellow at the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna (IWM). He is a founding board member of the European Council on Foreign Relations, a member of the advisory board of the ERSTE Foundation, a member of the global advisory board of Open Society Foundations, New York, and a member of the advisory council of the Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA) and the European Cultural Foundation (ECF). His latest books in English are “In Mistrust We Trust: Can Democracy Survive When We Don't Trust Our Leaders?” (TED Books, 2013); "The Anti-American Century", co-edited with Alan McPherson, (CEU Press, 2007) and "Shifting Obsessions: Three Essays on the Politics of Anticorruption" (CEU Press, 2004). He is a co-author with Stephen Holmes of a forthcoming book on Russian politics.

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Thomas Lawson
Thomas Lawson
Chief of Defence Staff, Canadian Forces, Canada

General Thomas J. Lawson was appointed the Canadian Forces' Chief of the Defence Staff in October 2012. Previously, he was posted to Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado, where he assumed responsibility as the deputy commander North American aerospace defence command. In 2009, he was appointed assistant chief of the air staff. In May 2007, he was appointed Commandant of the Royal Military College in Kingston. In 2006, he completed a year as a Wing Commander before being promoted to Brigadier-General. General Lawson joined the CF Transformation Team in 2005 where he led the stand-up of the Strategic Joint Staff organization. He has held numerous other positions within the Royal Canadian Air Force. General Lawson has a master's degree in public administration from Auburn University and an electrical engineering degree from the Royal Military College of Canada.

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Jean-Yves Le Drian
Jean-Yves Le Drian
Minister of Defence, France

After having been elected Deputy for Morbihan in 1978 for the first time, Jean-Yves Le Drian left the National Assembly in 2007.  Throughout these mandates, he sat on the National defence committee. In this capacity, he served as the Rapporteur for the budget of the French Navy, as well as rapporteur for the commission of inquiry about the safety of Sea transport of dangerous and polluting products. President François Mitterrand appointed Jean-Yves Le Drian as Junior Minister for the Sea (1991-1992). In 2004, François Hollande, the then First Secretary of the Socialist Party, appointed him as National Secretary in charge of defence matters. He entrusted him with a similar responsibility during the Presidential campaign of 2012. Jean-Yves Le Drian was appointed as Minister for Defence on May 16, 2012.  Mr. Le Drian holds an “agrégation” in History (1971) and is an honorary Inspector General in the French National Education Department.

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Paul J. LeBlanc
Paul J. LeBlanc
President, Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency

Mr. Paul J. LeBlanc assumed the responsibilities of president of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA) on November 15, 2010. Mr. LeBlanc joined ACOA in 1987 to support the newly created Agency as Director General of Human Resources. Over the years, he has held numerous positions with the Agency, including Director General, Development (entrepreneurship, tourism, and trade); Corporate Secretary; Vice-President, Prince Edward Island; Vice-President, Finance and Corporate Services; and Senior Vice-President, Policy and Programs. Mr. LeBlanc left ACOA in September 2004 to join the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, where he held the position of Senior Assistant Deputy Minister of Socio-Economic Policy and Regional Operations. He rejoined ACOA in September 2006 as Executive Vice President. Mr. LeBlanc was educated at Université de Moncton, where he completed bachelor's degrees in psychology and social work and a MBA. 

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Pierre Lellouche
Pierre Lellouche
Deputy for the 1st District of Paris, French National Assembly

After completing his military service, Mr. Lellouche joined the Groupe d’Etudes et de Recherches sur les Problèmes Internationaux (GERPI) at the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme. From 1979 to 1988, he co-founded and was one of the leaders of the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI). During his tenure, he was responsible for the strategic policy section and was deputy editor of the review Politique Etrangèr. He taught atENAINSEAD, various military schools and at Galatasaray University (Istanbul). Mr. Lellouche was elected to the House of Representatives in 1993, and was re-elected in 1997, 2002 and 2007, representing the fourth constituency of the city of Paris. He has been a member of the city of Paris and département councils since March 2001. From June 2009 to November 2010, he served as Minister of State for European Affairs. He graduated from theFaculté de Droit de Paris in 1973 and from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques in Paris in the same year. He attended Harvard Law School, earning an LLM (1974) and a SJD (1979). 

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Nancy Lindborg
Nancy Lindborg
Assistant Administrator for the Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance, USAID

Ms. Nancy Lindborg is the USAID Assistant Administrator for the Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA) and leads the efforts of more than 500 team members in nine offices focused on supporting democracy, crisis prevention, response, recovery and transition. Since being sworn into office in October 2010, Ms. Lindborg has led DCHA teams in response to the ongoing Syria Crisis, the Sahel 2012 and Horn of Africa 2011 droughts, the Arab Spring, and numerous other global crises. She continues to spearhead USAID efforts to advance resilience and tackle fragility as a means to help communities out of chronic crisis. The nine offices of DCHA include the newly established Center for Excellence for Democracy, Rights and Governance, the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, the Office of Food for Peace, the Office of Transition Initiatives, the Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation, and the Office of Civil-Military Cooperation.

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Linas Linkevičius
Linas Linkevičius
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Lithuania

Mr. Linas Linkevičius was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs in December of 2012. Minister Linkevičius, has a long and distinguished history serving Lithuania in a variety of important roles. He has served as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Belarus (2012), Ambassador-at-Large of the Transatlantic Cooperation and Security Policy Department in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2011-2012), and as Permanent Representative of Lithuania on the North Atlantic Council (2005-2011). He served twice as Minister of National Defense (2000-2004) (1993-1996), and as Deputy Chairman of Parliamentary Commission of Foreign Affairs, Head of Lithuanian Parliamentary Delegation to the North Atlantic Assembly (1992-1993). He was elected to Parliament in 1992, and served in that capacity for four years. Prior to his time in Parliament, Minister Linkevičius held a variety of positions in civic organizations. 

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Klaus Linsenmeier
Klaus Linsenmeier
Executive Director, Heinrich Böll Foundation North America

Mr. Klaus Linsenmeier has been the Executive Director of the Heinrich Böll Foundation North America since 2009.  He holds a Master of Arts in Economics from the Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg/Breisgau and studied Enterprise Promotion at Cranfield School of Management (UK) and Business Administration (MBA) at the University of Hagen/University of Wales. He is a partner in a German family-owned mid-size company. Klaus started his professional career in the private business sector before joining Medico International in Frankfurt, a German human rights NGO, as program coordinator and later managing director. Further steps in his career were closely related to the development of the Heinrich Böll Foundation, which he joined in 1989. Before moving to Washington, Klaus was Director of the Foundation’s International Division in Berlin, where he supervised the Foundation’s thirty international offices.

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Gal Luft
Gal Luft
Co-Director, Institute for the Analysis of Global Security

Dr. Gal Luft is co-director of the Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS) a Washington-based think tank focused on energy security. He is a senior adviser to the United States Energy Security Council and co-founder of the Set America Free Coalition an alliance of national security environmental, labor, and religious groups promoting ways to reduce Americas dependence on oil. He specializes in strategy, geopolitics, terrorism, energy security, natural resources and economic warfare. Newsweek Magazine called him a "tireless and independent advocate of energy security," the business magazine Poder called him "one of the most recognizable figures in modern energy and security issues," and Esquire Magazine included him in its 2007 list of America's Best and Brightest. Dr. Luft has published numerous studies and articles on security and energy issues in various newspapers and publications such as Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The American Interest, Commentary Magazine, Middle East Quarterly, LA Times, The Washington Post, and The Wall Street Journal. He is co-author of Energy Security Challenges for the 21st Century (2009), Turning Oil into Salt: Energy Independence Through Fuel Choice (2009), and Petropoly: The Collapse of America's Energy Security Paradigm (2012). He is author of Beer, Bacon and Bullets: Culture in Coalition Warfare from Gallipoli to Iraq. He appears frequently in the media and consults to various think tanks and news organizations worldwide. Dr. Luft testified before committees of the U.S. Congress, including Senate Foreign Relations, House International Relations, House Science and the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. He holds degrees in international relations, international economics and strategic studies, and a doctorate in strategic studies from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University.

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John MacDonell
John MacDonell
Partner, Stewart McKelvey

Mr. John MacDonell is a Partner in Stewart McKelvey, Atlantic Canada’s first and largest regional law firm, practising in Ottawa. He graduated from the University of King’s College and Dalhousie Law School, receiving awards in Constitutional Law and Insurance Law, and the Dickson Medal for Distinguished Advocacy. He has been involved in Conservative politics for 32 years, serving in roles including President of the Progressive Conservative Party of Nova Scotia, and Vice President of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. In 2003, he was one of 12 original petitioners to Elections Canada to establish the Conservative Party of Canada, where he served as a member of the Party’s first governing body. From 2006 to 2013, he served as Chief of Staff to the Honourable Peter MacKay, in the portfolios of Foreign Affairs and National Defence. John is a Knight Commander of the Order of St. George, and was awarded the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medal by the Lieutenant-Governor of Québec. He lives in Gatineau with his wife Jenn Gearey.

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Peter MacKay
Peter MacKay
Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada

Peter MacKay was born in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. After graduating from Acadia University, he studied law at Dalhousie University and was called to the Nova Scotia Bar in June 1991.

Mr. MacKay opened a private law practice in New Glasgow, specializing in criminal and family law. In 1993, he accepted an appointment as Crown Attorney for the Central Region of Nova Scotia. Peter MacKay was first elected to Parliament in 1997. In his first five years, he served as House Leader for the Progressive Conservative (PC) caucus. On May 31, 2003, he became Leader of the PC Party of Canada. In 2004, he was named Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. In July 2013, Mr. MacKay was appointed Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. Previously, he was Minister of National Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency.

Mr. MacKay has been a philanthropist and advocate for numerous charitable organizations, including Big Brothers Big Sisters Canada and Right to Play. He is married to international human rights activist and founder of Stop Child Executions, Mrs. Nazanin Afshin-Jam-MacKay. They have a beautiful baby boy, Kian Alexander.

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Mona Makram-Ebeid
Mona Makram-Ebeid
Senator, Arab Republic Of Egypt

As a lecturer of Political Science and Sociology at AUC, Mona Makram-Ebeid has established herself in the Egyptian political and intellectual community. She is a graduate of Harvard University (1982), The American University in Cairo and Cairo University She has been a vocal and dynamic Member of Parliament from 1990-1995 where she served on the committees on Foreign Affairs, Education and Budget. She was concurrently elected Regional President of Parliamentarians for Global Action, an NGO based in New York. From 1992-1995 she served as advisor to the World Bank (MENA region) and Consultant to the Center for Strategic International Studies (CSIS) in Washington. She has recently been appointed to the Egyptian National Council for Human Rights. She became a Member of the Egyptian Senate in January 2013. As an active member of the civil society she founded and chaired the Association for the Advancement of Education, (1995) a Cairo based NGO which supervises 100 government primary schools

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Peter Mansbridge
Peter Mansbridge
Chief Correspondent, CBC News

Mr. Peter Mansbridge is the chief correspondent of CBC News. He anchors CBC's flagship nightly news program The National and all CBC News specials. He is also host of CBC News Network's Mansbridge: One on One. Mr. Mansbridge became chief correspondent and anchor of The National in 1988. Previously, he was The National's reporter in Saskatchewan in 1975, and, in 1976, was named one of the program's parliamentary correspondents in Ottawa. In 1971, he moved to Winnipeg as a reporter for CBC Radio and in 1972 he joined CBC Television. Mr. Mansbridge began his career in 1968 in Churchill, Man., where he helped develop CBC Radio's news service to Northern Canada. During a decorated career, Mr. Mansbridge has received 12 Gemini Awards for excellence in broadcast journalism. In 2008, Mr. Mansbridge was made an officer of the Order of Canada by Gov. Gen. Michaëlle Jean. In 2009, he was named chancellor of Mount Allison University in New Brunswick. 

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Anja Manuel
Anja Manuel
Principal, RiceHadleyGates LLC

Ms. Anja Manuel is a Co-Founder and Partner along with former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and others, in RiceHadleyGates LLC, a strategic consulting firm. She also teaches at Stanford University’s International Policy Studies Program. From 2005 to 2007, Ms. Manuel served as an official at U.S. Department of State, where she had responsibility for South and Central Asia Policy, Congressional outreach, and legal matters. She was part of the negotiating team for the U.S.‐India civilian nuclear accord; helped to secure passage of the accord in the U.S. Congress, and was extensively involved in developing U.S. policy toward Afghanistan and Pakistan. She holds a B.A. and M.A. from Stanford University with distinction, and a J.D. from Harvard Law School cum laude. Ms. Manuel is a member of the Aspen India Strategy Group, the Council on Foreign Relations.  She serves on the Board of Advisors for the Center for a New American Security, the non-profit Developments in Literacy, and is a board director of Zipcourt, Inc. 

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Vivek Maru
Vivek Maru
CEO, Namati

Mr. Vivek Maru is the CEO of Namati, the leading international organization dedicated to legal empowerment.
In a world where 4 billion people live outside the protection of the law, Namati is dedicated to putting the law in people’s hands. Namati is building a movement of grassroots legal advocates who help communities enforce their rights, protect their land, secure essential services, and take part in decisions that govern their societies.
Prior to launching Namati, Vivek served as senior counsel in the Justice Reform Group of the World Bank. His work focused on rule of law reform and governance, primarily in West Africa and South Asia. Vivek also co-founded and co-directed for four years the Sierra Leonean organization Timap for Justice, which has been recognized by the International Crisis Group, Transparency International, and President Jimmy Carter as a pioneering model for delivering justice services in the context of a weak state and a plural legal system. Vivek clerked for Hon. Marsha Berzon on the Ninth Circuit of the U.S. Court of Appeals, and studied at Harvard College and Yale Law School.

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Bill McCaffrey
Bill McCaffrey
President and CEO, MEG Energy Corp.

Bill McCaffrey is the Founder, President and CEO of MEG Energy Corp, which was formed in 1999. Under his leadership, in just 10 years MEG grew to become one of the largest private oil and gas companies in Canada, focused on bitumen development and production.  Independent reservoir engineers estimate that MEG has 2.6 billion barrels of proved and probable reserves and 3.4 billion barrels of contingent resources. If the categories were combined, this would be roughly equivalent to 24% of total U.S. proven oil reserves.  The company went public with an IPO in August, 2010, is currently producing 34,250 barrels per day and is working on plans to grow bitumen production capacity to 260,000 barrels per day by 2020.  Corporate assets include ownership of major pipeline and tank terminal infrastructure linking its bitumen leases to key energy hubs in Edmonton, Alberta and beyond. To fund its growth, MEG has raised more than $8.0 billion in equity and debt in the last ten years. In 2006 MEG received the E&P sector’s “Deal of the Year” for the company’s innovative institutional Term Loan B debt transaction. In 2010, Oilsands Review Magazine awarded MEG the Producer of the Year award, and MEG’s public offering was awarded IPO of the year.

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John McCain
John McCain
Senator, United States

The Honorable John McCain is a Republican Senator of the state of Arizona. He was first elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986. Senator McCain attended college at the United States Naval Academy and launched a 22-year career as a naval aviator upon his graduation. Senator McCain’s last Navy duty assignment was to serve as the naval liaison to the United States Senate. He retired from the Navy in 1981. His naval honors include the Silver Star, Bronze Star, Legion of Merit, Purple Heart, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. In 1982, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona, serving until his election to the U.S. Senate. Senator McCain is currently the ranking member on the Senate Armed Services Committee. He also serves on the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions; Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; and the Committee on Indian Affairs.

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Imad Mesdoua
Imad Mesdoua
Political Analyst, Pasco Risk Management

Mr. Imad Mesdoua is a political analyst specialising in political and security risk analysis for the Middle East and North Africa. He has worked as a political consultant in the Gulf and the Balkans, advising high-level political officials and organisations, including the United Nations. Imad has also written extensively for a wide range of international and regional publications, including the Guardian and the Huffington Post. He regularly appears as a guest commentator for international television and radio news networks. Imad recently testified to the UK Parliament' Foreign Affairs Committee on growing instability in North Africa and the Sahel.

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Jeanne Meserve
Jeanne Meserve
Senior Fellow, The George Washington University Homeland Security Policy Institute, and the Aspen Institute's Homeland Security Advisory Group

Ms. Jeanne Meserve is a senior fellow of the George Washington University Homeland Security Policy Institute and the Aspen Institute's Homeland Security Advisory Group. An award-winning journalist, Ms. Meserve was a CNN anchor and served as the homeland security correspondent following September 11, covering a broad array of stories about terrorism, law enforcement, security and preparedness. On the ground in New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina, she was the first to report on the devastating flooding inundating portions of the city. CNN's coverage of the storm and its aftermath won a Peabody Award. Ms. Meserve received a B.A. in English Literature from Middlebury College. 

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Heba Morayef
Heba Morayef
Egypt Director, Middle East and North Africa Division, Human Rights Watch

Ms. Heba Morayef, Egypt director in the Middle East and North Africa division, investigates human rights abuses in Egypt. She produces detailed reports, news releases and op-eds based on her findings and conducts local and international advocacy. Before joining Human Rights Watch, Ms. Morayef worked at Amnesty International's international secretariat in London as campaigner on Libya and Tunisia. She has also worked as Middle East program officer at Article 19 in London, and at UNDP's Human Rights Capacity Building Project in Cairo. Ms. Morayef holds a bachelor's degree in political science with a specialization in public international law from the American University in Cairo and a degree in public international law from the London School of Economics and Political Science. She speaks English, Arabic, and French.

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Pedro Morenés
Pedro Morenés
Minister of Defense, Ministry of Defense, Spain

Mr. Pedro Morenés Eulate Morenés has been serving as Minister of Defence of Spain since 2011. In 1996 he was appointed as Secretary of State for Defense in the Ministry of Defense. Then in 2000 he was appointed as Secretary of State for Security in the Ministry of Defense.  In 2002 he was Secretary of State for Scientific and Technological Policy in the Ministry of Science and Technology. Following this, from 2005 to 2010, he became the General Secretary of the Businessmen Association. From 2009 to 2011 he served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of "Construcciones Navales del Norte.” Morenés began his professional life as a lawyer in 1979 with a focus on Maritime Law, becoming a Corporate Lawyer in 1988 at Astilleros Españoles, S.A. where he headed the International Contracting Department. In 1991 he became Head of the Legal Services of the Shipbuilding Division at the National Industries Institute (NII).  

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Mouaz Moustafa
Mouaz Moustafa
Executive Director, The Syrian Emergency Task Force

Mr. Moustafa was born and raised in Damascus, Syria before moving to the US as a teenager. He is the current Executive Director for SETF, Political Director for UFS (United For a Free Syria), as well as a board member of the Coalition for a Democratic Syria (CDS). As former staffer for Congressman Vic Snyder and Senator Blanche Lincoln, Mr. Moustafa spent four and a half years working in Congress before leaving to work briefly with Egyptian opposition. Mr. Moustafa also worked with the Libyan Revolution. During this period, Mr. Moustafa was the Executive Director of the Libyan Council of North America (LCNA), Political Director of the Libyan Emergency Task Force (LETF), and worked closely with top officials within the Transitional National Council (TNC). Mr. Moustafa joined SETF in the fall of 2011 to help advocate on behalf of the pro-democracy movement in his native Syria. Moustafa boasts an extensive network of Syrian activists, opposition figures, and FSA commanders with whom he is in regular contact. 

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Andrew Murrison
Andrew Murrison
Minister for International Security Strategy, Ministry of Defence, UK

In September 2012 Dr. Andrew Murrison became the Minister for International Security Strategy. In May 2010 he was asked by the Prime Minister to review and make recommendation on healthcare for members of the Service community. The principal recommendation in the subsequent reports 'Fighting Fit' and 'A Better Deal for Military Amputees' are now being rolled out by the government. In November 2011 Dr. Murrison was appointed by the Prime Minister as his Special Representative for the Great War Centenary Commemorations. Dr Murrison served for 18 years as a Medical Officer in the Royal Navy leaving in October 2000 as a Surgeon Commander. He was recalled in 2003 to serve in Iraq. Dr. Murrison was first elected in 2001 and re-elected for the constituency of South West Wiltshire in May 2010. Mr. Murrison studied medicine at Bristol (MD, MB CHB) and public health at Hughes Hall, Cambridge (DPH).  

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Walter Natynczyk
Walter Natynczyk
President, Canadian Space Agency

General (Ret) Walt Natynczyk joined the Canadian Forces in 1975 after spending 5 years as an Air Cadet. He has served in numerous regimental command positions at all levels from tank troop leader up to commanding officer of the Royal Canadian Dragoons. General Natynczyk served as Canada’s Chief of Defence Staff from 2 July 2008 to 29 October 2012. His decorations include the Commander of the Order of Military Merit (Canada), the Meritorious Service Cross (Canada), the Commander Legion of Merit (US), Commander Légion d’Honneur (France), Commander’s Cross of the Order of Merit (Poland) and the Medal of Merit in Gold (Netherlands). After he retired from the Canadian Armed Forces, General Natynczyk assumed the responsibilities of the President of the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) as of 6 August 2013.

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Pauline Neville-Jones
Pauline Neville-Jones
Patron to Cyber Security Challenge and Special Government Representative to Business on Cyber Security, House of Lords, United Kingdom

Baroness Pauline Neville-Jones was formerly the minister of state for security in the United Kingdom. Most recently, she was appointed as Patron to Cyber Security Challenge and Special Government Representative to Business on Cyber Security, in 2007, Baroness Neville-Jones was appointed shadow security minister and national security adviser to the Leader of the Opposition. She is also an honourary fellow of Lady Margaret Hall and doctor of London University, City University and the Open University. She was made a companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George in 1987 and a dame commander in the 1996 New Year's Honours. From 1994 until her retirement, she was political director in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, in which capacity she led the British delegation to the Dayton negotiations on the Bosnia peace settlement.

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Rob Nicholson
Rob Nicholson
Minister of National Defence, Department of National Defence, Canada

Minister Rob Nicholson serves as the Member of Parliament for Niagara Falls. He was first elected in 1984 and re-elected in 1988, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2011. In July 2013, Mr. Nicholson was named Minister of National Defence. Previously, he was appointed Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister for Democratic Reform and Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. During his first term in Parliament, Mr. Nicholson served as Minister for Science and Minister responsible for Small Business, as well as Parliamentary Secretary to the Leader of the Government and Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. Mr. Nicholson holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Queen’s University and a law degree from the University of Windsor. A lifelong resident of Niagara Falls, he practiced law and was involved in municipal politics. Mr. Nicholson is married to Arlene and is the father of three children.

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Masashi Nishihara
Masashi Nishihara
President, Research Institute for Peace and Security

Masashi Nishihara is President of the Research Institute for Peace and Security. Previously, he served as president of the National Defense Academy, where he was also a professor of international relations. Among others, Nishihara is a member of the Trilateral Commission and of The U.K.-Japan 21st Century Group. Between 2004 and 2006, he served as a member of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission chaired by former Swedish Foreign Minister Hans Blix. Nishihara has published extensively on Japanese foreign and security policy issues, and he has contributed to international newspapers such as The International Herald Tribune and The Washington Post.

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Jacqueline O’Neill
Jacqueline O’Neill
Director, The Institute for Inclusive Security

Ms. Jacqueline O’Neill is responsible for overall policy, political advocacy, and field research. She also heads the Institute’s African regional initiatives. She is an expert on security sector reform, about which she writes and speaks frequently, including through the US National Defense University and mass media. Besides consulting regularly with NATO and other multilateral organizations on disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of combatants, she has also designed training for police, military, and civilian professionals. Previously, along with former Lt. General Roméo Dallaire, she helped found an initiative to address the issue of child soldiers. Before joining Inclusive Security in 2006, she was concurrently at the UN Mission in Sudan and at Khartoum’s Ahfad University for Women. She now works extensively with the Institute’s coalition of women leaders from Sudan and South Sudan, which she helped organize, and with similar coalitions in Afghanistan, Israel, Palestine, and Pakistan. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Dixon Osburn
Dixon Osburn
Director of the Law and Security Program, Human Rights First

Mr. Dixon Osburn is the director of Human Rights First’s Law and Security Program, which advocates for national securities policies that respect the rule of law and human rights. Mr. Osburn has an extensive background in legal and policy advocacy, having spent 14 years as Executive Director and Co-Founder of the Service members Legal Defense Network, one of the US’ largest LGBT civil rights and advocacy organizations. In that role, he is credited with significantly changing public opinion and reframing the debate over the military’s “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy, leading to its repeal. Dixon is also the author of Making Giants Dance: Strategies and Social Change(publication pending), has published op-eds in The New York Times and USA Today, and has appeared extensively on national television and quoted in the press. Dixon received his JD/MBA from Georgetown University and an AB with distinction from Stanford University. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Jean-Paul Paloméros
Jean-Paul Paloméros
Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

General Jean-Paul Paloméros was confirmed by the North Atlantic Council as Supreme Allied Commander Transformation in August 2012. From 2009 to 2012, General Paloméros served as Air Force Chief of Staff. In 2005, he was appointed Vice-Chief of Staff of the French Air Force, where he implemented a new organization named "Air 2010." Throughout his career he acquired extensive experience both as an operational commander and as a fighter pilot, having flown 82 combat missions and more than 3,500 flying hours. General Paloméros graduated from the Royal Air Force Staff College in 1993 where he was awarded the Curtis Prize by the Chief of the Air Staff of Great Britain. He joined the French Air Force Academy in 1973 and qualified as a fighter pilot in 1976. He has been awarded the rank of Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honour, is an Officer of the National Order of Merit and holds the Aeronautical Medal. 

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Roland Paris
Roland Paris
Director of Centre for International Policy Studies, University of Ottawa

Mr. Roland Paris is founding director of the Centre for International Policy Studies at the University of Ottawa, where he is also University Research Chair in international security and governance. Previously, he was Director of Research at the Conference Board of Canada and foreign policy advisor in the Department of Foreign Affairs andRepresentative Tom Perriello is President and CEO of the Center for American Progress Action Fund and Counselor for Policy to the Center for American Progress. Prior to joining CAP, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Central and Southern Virginia. After receiving his law degree from Yale University, he accepted an assignment working to end atrocities in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Representative Perriello also served as special advisor and spokesperson for the International Prosecutor and as a national security analyst for the Century Foundation. He helped found FaithfulAmerica.org and Catholics in Alliance for the Common Good, which bring together faith communities to fight for children’s health care, supporting a higher minimum wage, environmental stewardship, and responsible solutions in Iraq. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group. the Privy Council Office of the Canadian government. He was also an assistant professor of political science at the University of Colorado and visiting researcher at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington DC. His first book At War's End: Building Peace After Civil Conflict won three prizes including the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order. In 2012, he was appointed a global ethics fellow by the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs. He is a fellow of the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute and a member of the Board of Directors of World University Services Canada. 

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Tom Perriello
Tom Perriello
President & CEO of the Center for American Progess Action Fund, Counselor to the Center for American Progress

Representative Tom Perriello is President and CEO of the Center for American Progress Action Fund and Counselor for Policy to the Center for American Progress. Prior to joining CAP, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Central and Southern Virginia. After receiving his law degree from Yale University, he accepted an assignment working to end atrocities in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Representative Perriello also served as special advisor and spokesperson for the International Prosecutor and as a national security analyst for the Century Foundation. He helped found FaithfulAmerica.org and Catholics in Alliance for the Common Good, which bring together faith communities to fight for children’s health care, supporting a higher minimum wage, environmental stewardship, and responsible solutions in Iraq. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Fabrice Pothier
Fabrice Pothier
Director Policy Planning, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

As head of policy planning in the private office of the Secretary General, Fabrice Pothier oversees the review of current and future strategic policy issues facing NATO.  He provides policy advice and brings a broad range of expertise to the NATO Secretary General, senior management and the North Atlantic Council by collaborating across NATO's divisions, as well as with the broader expert community, including think-tanks, academic institutions and non-governmental organisations. Prior to his NATO appointment, Pothier was founding director of Carnegie Europe, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s pan-European foreign policy centre based in Brussels. Previously, Pothier was head of policy analysis and co-founder of the International Council on Security and Development (ICOS), which was initiated by the Network of European Foundations. He was International Research Manager at the London-based strategic consultancy Europe Japan Centre, owned by Japanese energy group Osaka Gas. He holds Masters degrees from London Metropolitan University and Université de Versailles.

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Esa Pulkkinen
Esa Pulkkinen
Director General, Ministry of Defense Finland

Esa Pulkkinen was born in Southern Finland in 1957. He joined the Finnish Armed Forces shortly after completing his conscription in 1977. He has served in several international assignments, most recently as a Director of Operations in the European Union Military Staff  in Brussels in 2008–2010. The planning and implementation at the political-strategic level of the EU’s anti-piracy operation ATALANTA was one of his major responsibilities. He also commanded the Arctic Brigade, the northernmost army unit in Lapland, from 2003 to 2006. This unit is a center of the arctic know how in Finland. Pulkkinen was a post-graduate student in the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva in 1995–1996. He was appointed as Director General Defense Policy in the Finnish MOD in January 2011. In 2013 he has been responsible for chairing the Policy Steering Committee of NORDEFCO (Nordic Defense Cooperation between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden). He has two grown children and spouse Hanna.

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Celina Realuyo
Celina Realuyo
Professor of Practice of National Security Affairs, William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies, National Defence University

Celina Realuyo serves as President of CBR Global Advisors, LLC and has dedicated most of her life to the study, practice, and promotion of international relations. As a former U.S. diplomat, international banker with Goldman Sachs, senior U.S. foreign policymaker, and professor of international relations, Celina has almost two decades of international experience in the public and private sectors. Prior to returning to Washington, Celina was a private banker in London with Goldman Sachs International providing strategic wealth advisory services to the most prominent families in Europe. In Washington, Celina served at the highest levels of government, in the State Department Operations Center, National Security Council’s White House Situation Room, and as Special Assistant to the Secretary of State. Celina is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, International Institute for Strategic Studies, Women in International Security, Middle East Institute, and the Professional Risk Managers International Association. She is an Aspen Institute Socrates Society Scholar, French-American Foundation Young Leader, and Atlantik-Brücke German-American Young Leader.

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Daniel Restrepo
Daniel Restrepo
Senior Fellow, Center for American Progress

For nearly six years and through two presidential campaigns, Daniel Restrepo served as the principal advisor to President Barack Obama on issues related to Latin America, the Caribbean, and Canada, serving as special assistant to the president and senior director for Western Hemisphere affairs at the National Security Council from March 2009 to July 2012 and as an advisor to and surrogate for Obama for America during the 2008 and 2012 campaigns. Previously, Restrepo created and directed The Americas Project—focused on Latin America and on the role of Hispanics in the United States, their future, and the implications for public policy—at the Center for American Progress. First joining the Center shortly after it was established, Restrepo also helped stand up its government and external relations department and served as deputy counsel. 

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Carla Robbins
Carla Robbins
Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations

Dr. Carla Anne Robbins joined the editorial board of The New York Times in July 2006 and became deputy editor in January 2007. Dr. Robbins was previously the Chief Diplomatic Correspondent at The Wall Street Journal and Latin America Bureau Chief for U.S. News & World Report, and a reporter for Business Week. She was awarded Georgetown University’s 2003 Edward Weintal Prize for diplomatic coverage. She also shared in two Pulitzer prizes and other prizes at the Journal, and is a winner of an Overseas Press Club award. Dr. Robbins is a graduate of Wellesley College and holds an M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley and was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard. She is

Gideon

a member of the Aspen Strategy Group. 

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Rafal Rohozinski
Rafal Rohozinski
Principal and CEO, The SecDev Group

Mr. Rafal Rohozinski is a Canadian expert and practitioner in the fields of information security, cyber warfare, and the globalization of armed violence. He is a principal and CEO with The SecDev Group, a Canadian company with a global mission to engage with complex problems of insecurity and violence. Mr. Rohozinski is also CEO and founder of Psiphon Inc. and Secdev.cyber, and a senior scholar at the Munk School of Global Affairs. He was formerly the director of the Advanced Network Research Group at the University of Cambridge and a senior visiting fellow at the International Development Research Centre in Canada, where he developed conceptual approaches to studying the telegeography of conflict zones, including a case study of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He is widely published and frequently appears as a commentator on the BBC World Service, CBC, CNN and other international media. 

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Gideon Rose
Gideon Rose
Editor, Foreign Affairs

Dr. Gideon Rose is the Editor of Foreign Affairs. He served as Managing Editor of the magazine from December 2000 to September 2010. From 1995-2000, he was Olin Senior Fellow and Deputy Director of National Security Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, and from 1994-95 he served as Associate Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs on the staff of the National Security Council. In 1986-87 he was Assistant Editor atThe National Interest, and in 1985-86 held the same position at The Public Interest.  He has taught American foreign policy at Columbia and Princeton universities.  Dr. Rose received a B.A. in Classics from Yale University and a Ph.D. from the Department of Government at Harvard University. 

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Kevin Rudd
Kevin Rudd
26th Prime Minister, Commonwealth of Australia

Kevin Rudd served as Australia’s 26th Prime Minister between 2007-2010 and subsequently as Australia’s Foreign Minister from 2010 until 2012. Mr. Rudd was elected as Leader of the Labor Party in 2006. As Prime Minister, Mr. Rudd led Australia’s response during the Global Financial Crisis. Australia was the only major advanced economy not to go into recession, in large part because of the Australian Government’s policy response, which the OECD/IMF assessed as one of the most effective in the world. Mr. Rudd is internationally recognized as one of the founders of the G20, the premier global economic decision-making institution. He is recognized as a major driving force behind the 2010 decision to expand the East Asia Summit to include the United States in this important regional institution. This was a major step forward to realizing his longer term vision for an Asia Pacific Community which he first proposed in 2008. 

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Laurent Ruseckas
Laurent Ruseckas
Senior Advisor, HIS

Laurent Ruseckas is Director of the Europe & Eurasia Practice at Eurasia Group. Formerly head of the Caspian Energy practice at Cambridge Energy Research Associates, Laurent has more than a decade of experience advising energy companies, financial institutions, and governments on issues of political risk, investment climate, and oil and gas economics in Eurasia and Turkey. A Russian speaker, Laurent holds a BA with honors in Russian and Soviet Studies from Harvard College, and he is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at Columbia University. He is a frequent speaker at international industry conferences and policy symposia, and his analyses have appeared in the Journal of International Affairs, AccessAsia Review, and edited volumes published by the East-West Institute and the Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research. Laurent’s areas of expertise include Russian politics and investment, Caspian region oil and gas economics, US policy toward Eurasia, Baltic energy issues, Turkish and European gas markets, and upstream oil and gas investment in Eurasia and the Middle East. 

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George Sabra
George Sabra
President, Syrian National Council

Mr. George Sabra is a leading member of the Syrian Democratic People’s Party and the elected leader of the Syrian National Council. He has been politically active in opposition since the 1970s, and was arrested in 1987 during a government crackdown on his party and imprisoned for eight years. A few years after his release, in 2000, he was assigned to represent his party in the National Democratic Assembly, a coalition that was originally formed in 1979, and he was subsequently elected to the assembly’s Central Committee in 2005. Mr. Sabra remained in Syria after the uprising began in March 2011 and was imprisoned twice over the course of the year. In October, he went into exile and joined the Syrian National Council as thPresident, Syrian National Councile representative of the Democratic People’s Party. Mr. Sabra was elected as chairman of the Syrian National Council in 2012. Mr. Sabra graduated with a geography degree from Damascus University in 1971 and a degree in educational technology systems from the University of Indiana in 1978. 

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Sabrina Saqeb
Sabrina Saqeb
Co-founder, Institute for Rethinking Policies, Research Institute for Women, Peace and Security

Sabrina Saqeb’s family fled Afghanistan to escape political persecution and war during the Communist regime when she was just 18 months old. For 20 years she was a refugee in Iran, returning to Afghanistan in 2003 to help with humanitarian efforts after the fall of the Taliban regime. At 25, Ms. Saqeb became the youngest elected member of the Afghan parliament, serving on the women’s rights, human rights, and civil society commission, as well as the oversight commission for implementing the constitution. She led calls for legislative reforms that are sensitive to the needs of women and children. When her five-year term in parliament ended, Ms. Saqeb spent a year at the University of York to earn a master’s in conflict, governance and development. In 2011, she returned to Afghanistan and cofounded the Institute for Rethinking Policies, as well as the Research Institute for Women, Peace and Security, which advances the role of women in the peace process through research, training, and advocacy. She’s also involved in activities that use sports, literature, and arts to promote stability and social cohesion among young people around the world. 

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Randy Scheunemann
Randy Scheunemann
Foreign Policy and National Security Analyst

Mr. Randy Scheunemann is a foreign policy analyst based in Washington D.C. From 2007-2008, Mr. Scheunemann served as Director of Foreign Policy and National Security for the McCain-Palin 2008 campaign. In 2002, he founded the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (CLI) to promote freedom for the Iraqi people. In 2001, Scheunemann served as a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense. From 1999-2000, Scheunemann served as Defense and Foreign Policy Coordinator for the “McCain 2000” presidential campaign.  During 1996, Mr. Scheunemann was a senior adviser to Republican Presidential Candidate Bob Dole. Previously, Mr. Scheunemann served as National Security Adviser to Senate Republican and Majority Leaders Bob Dole and Trent Lott, and also served on the staffs of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and the House Republican Policy Committee. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Peter Semneby
Peter Semneby
Ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Sweeden

Mr. Semneby served as EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus from 2006 to 2011, concentrating on the protracted conflicts, political reform, human rights issues, and crisis management. Previously he was Head of the OSCE Mission to Croatia between 2002 and 2005 and Head of the OSCE Mission to Latvia between 2000 and 2002. In Croatia, Peter Semneby and his staff assisted Croatia in post-conflict rehabilitation and reconciliation. His work in Latvia focused on citizenship and language issues. Ambassador Semneby is currently on leave from the Swedish Foreign Service. He has been responsible for the European Security and Defense Policy in the Swedish Foreign Ministry and has also served in the Swedish embassies in Germany, Ukraine and the USSR. Apart from his native Swedish, Peter Semneby speaks English, Russian, German and French, and has a working knowledge of Croatian and Serbian. 

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Juu Seung Baek
Juu Seung Baek
Vice Minister of National Defence, Republic of Korea

Vice Minister Baek Seung Joo was appointed Vice Minister of the Ministry of National Defense in 2013. Prior to the appointment, Baek Seung Joo was the Director of the Center for Security and Strategy at Korean Institute for Defense Analysis (KIDA) from 2009 to 2012.  He previously served as the Director of the North Korean Military Research Division of KIDA from 2002 to 2006. His first position in KIDA was in 1990 as a Senior Research Fellow. Baek Seung Joo attended Pusan National University, earning a B.A. in Political Science and International Relations in 1983, and holds a Ph.D in Political Studies from Kyungpook National University in 1993.

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Robin Shepherd
Robin Shepherd
Director, International Affairs, Henry Jackson Society

Mr. Robin Shepherd is director of international affairs at the Henry Jackson Society, the non-partisan, London-based think tank. He is also a senior fellow of the Central European Policy Institute (CEPI), based in Bratislava, Slovakia. Mr. Shepherd has held senior fellowships with several top think tanks in the United States, Britain and Europe. Before entering the think tank world a decade ago, he was a foreign correspondent, firstly for Reuters and subsequently The Times of London, where he was the Moscow bureau chief. He is also the owner/publisher of Britain's fastest growing new media outlet, The Commentator. He has been associated with Halifax International Security Forum since its inception.

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Vaclav Smil
Vaclav Smil
Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of Manitoba

Vaclav Smil does interdisciplinary research in the fields of energy, environmental and population change, food production and nutrition, technical innovation, risk assessment, and public policy. He has published more than 30 books and some 400 papers on these topics. He is a Distin- guished Professor Emeritus at the University of Manitoba, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (Science Academy), the first non-American to receive the American Association for the Advancement of Science Award for Public Understanding of Science and Technology, and in 2010 he was listed by Foreign Policy among the top 100 global thinkers. He has worked as a consultant for many US, EU and international institutions, has been an invited speaker in more than 300 conferences and workshops in the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia and Africa, and has lectured at many universities in North America, Europe and East Asia. His wife Eva is a physician and his son David is an organic synthetic chemist. 

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Julianne Smith
Julianne Smith
Senior Vice President, Beacon Global Strategies LLC Former Deputy National Security Advisor to the Vice President

Ms. Julianne Smith joined Beacon Global Strategies LLC in August 2013. Prior to that, Smith served as the Deputy National Security Advisor to the Vice President from April 2012 to June 2013.  Previously, she served as the Principal Director for European and NATO Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon. Before joining the Obama administration, Smith served as director of the CSIS Europe Program. Earlier, Smith served as deputy director of CSIS’s International Security Program. Previously, she worked at the German Marshall Fund in the Foreign Policy Program and director of communications for the Project on the Role of American Military Power. She also worked in Germany at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. Smith is a recipient of the American Academy in Berlin Public Policy Fellowship and the Fredin Memorial Scholarship for study at the Sorbonne. She received her B.A. from Xavier University and her M.A. from American University. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Nancy Southern
Nancy Southern
Chair, President & Chief Executive Officer ATCO Ltd. & Canadian Utilities Limited

Nancy Southern was appointed Chair, President & Chief Executive Officer, ATCO Ltd. and Canadian Utilities Limited December 1, 2012. Ms. Southern has full responsibility for executing strategic direction and the ongoing operations of the corporation, reporting to the Board of Directors. Ms. Southern serves on the Boards of all the ATCO Group subsidiary companies and is a Director of AKITA Drilling Ltd. and Sentgraf Enterprises Limited. She is a member of the U.S. Business Council; the Canadian Council of Chief Executives ; the American Society of Corporate Executives and the C.D. Howe Institute. Ms. Southern is a Canadian Member of the Trilateral Commission and was appointed by the Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance, as a member of his Economic Advisory Council. She also serves as Executive Vice President of Spruce Meadows, renowned as one of the world's finest show jumping facilities and is an Honourary Director of the BMO Financial Group.

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Janice Gross Stein
Janice Gross Stein
Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management, University of Toronto

Ms. Janice Gross Stein is the Belzberg professor of conflict management in the Department of Political Science and the director of the Munk School for Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. She is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and an honorary foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She was the Massey Lecturer in 2001 and a Trudeau fellow. Ms. Stein was awarded the Molson Prize by the Canada Council for an outstanding contribution by a social scientist to public debate. She has received an Honorary Doctorate of Laws from the University of Alberta, the University of Cape Breton, and McMaster University. She is a member of the Order of Canada and the Order of Ontario.

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Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson
Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Iceland

In May of 2013, Gunanar Bragi Sviensson was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade. In addition to this role, he is simultaneously serving as a Member of the Parliament of Iceland (Althingi), representing the Northwest constituency, a position he has held since 2009. Sviensson has a varied career history, including sixteen years in the public sector, where he served as Chairman of the Progressive Party (2009-2013), as a Member of the Foreign Affairs Committee (2011-2013), a
 Member of the Special Committee on the Standing Orders of Althingi (2011-2013), a Member of the Industry Committee (2009-2011), and as Political advisor to the Minister of Social Affairs (1997-1999). Sviensson also has experience in the private sector, where he was Managing director of Abær Ltd. from 2002-2007.  Additionally, Sviensson worked as an editor of the district newspaper, Einherji from 1991-1992. He is married to Elva Björk Guðmundsdóttir, and has five sons. 

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Andrew J. Tabler
Andrew J. Tabler
Senior Fellow, The Washington Institute

Mr. Andrew J. Tabler is a senior fellow in the Program on Arab Politics at The Washington Institute, where he focuses on Syria and US policy in the Levant. The cofounder and former editor-in-chief of Syria Today, Mr. Tabler achieved unparalleled long-term access to Bashar al-Asad's Syria. During 14 years of residence in the Middle East, Mr. Tabler served, most recently, as a consultant on US-Syria relations for the International Crisis Group and as a fellow of the Institute of Current World Affairs. Mr. Tabler is author of In the Lion's Den: An Eyewitness Account of Washington's Battle with Syria (Lawrence Hill Books, 2011), and the 2007 Stanley Foundation report The High Road to Damascus: Engage Syria's Private Sector. Mr. Tabler received his MA in comparative politics and Arabic from American University in Cairo and his BA from Washington & Jefferson College.

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Jonathan Tepperman
Jonathan Tepperman
Managing Editor, Foreign Affairs

Mr. Jonathan Tepperman is managing editor of Foreign Affairs. He previously worked atForeign Affairs from 1998 to 2006 before moving to Newsweek International, where he was deputy editor in charge of Asia, Europe, Africa, and Middle East coverage. In 2010, he served as managing editor and a director at Eurasia Group.  He has written for a range of publications including the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, International Herald Tribune, The New Republic, American Prospect, and others. His other publications include The U.S. vs Al Qaeda: A History of the War on Terror (co-edited with Gideon Rose; Council on Foreign Relations, 2011).  Mr. Tepperman has law degrees from Oxford and New York University. 

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Sue Mi Terry
Sue Mi Terry
Senior Research Scholar, Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University

Ms. Sue Mi Terry is a Senior Research Scholar at Columbia University’s Weatherhead East Asian Institute. She is also the President of Peninsula Strategies Inc., a political research and consulting firm, which provides insight on how macro political and economic developments affect markets and business opportunities in the East Asian region. Previously, she was a Senior Managing Director and Head of Strategic Advisory at Gerson Global Advisors, where she oversaw Global Research and Government Relations (2011-2013). From 2010 to 2011, she was the National Intelligence Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. Before coming to New York, she had a distinguished career in the U.S. government. From 2009 to 2010, she was the Deputy National Intelligence Officer for East Asia at the National Intelligence Council (NIC). Sue Mi Terry holds a Ph.D. and M.A. in International Relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and a B.A. in Political Science and East Asian Studies from New York University. 

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Eneken Tikk-Ringas
Eneken Tikk-Ringas
Senior Fellow for Cyber Security, IISS

Ms. Eneken Tikk-Ringas is the Senior Fellow for Cyber Security at the International Institute for Strategic Studies based out of the Middle East office in Manama, Bahrain.  Before joining IISS, Eneken worked as legal adviser and the head of the legal and policy team at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn, Estonia. She was one of the lead experts to analyze and write about cyber attacks against Estonia in 2007 and has since worked with many governments and organizations on strategic cyber security matters. Prior to joining the NATO Centre she worked as attorney in the field of information technology, focusing on EU regulations and standards for information systems. Eneken serves as international research associate at the Georgetown University Center for Law, Technology and Security and has long teaching experience at Tallinn Technical University and Swedish National Defence College.  Ms Tikk-Ringas speaks Estonian, English, German and Russian. She holds a PhD in law from the University of Tartu in Estonia.

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Hubert Védrine
Hubert Védrine
President, François Mitterand Institute

Mr. Hubert Védrine has been the President of the François Mitterrand Institute since 2003 and previously served as Minister of Foreign affairs from 1997 – 2002, during which France held the Presidency of the European Union.  Mr. Védrine was first elected in 1978 and held significant posts in the subsequent years, including Spokesman for the Elysée and Secretary-General for the Presidency of the Republic.  Mr. Védrine regularly publishes books and articles regard French foreign policy and he teaches International Relations at the Paris Institute of Political Science. Mr. Védrine studied at the Paris Institute of Political Studies and graduated from the French National School of Administration (ENA) in 1974.

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Peter Van Praagh
Peter Van Praagh
President, Halifax International Security Forum

Mr. Peter Van Praagh is the founding President of Halifax International Security Forum. Peter has served as Senior Director for Foreign Policy and Civil Society at the Washington, DC-based German Marshall Fund of the United States, as Deputy Vice President of Programs at the National Endowment for Democracy in Washington, DC, and as Chief of Party for the National Democratic Institute both in the former Soviet Union and in Turkey. In 2006-07, Peter served as Senior Policy Advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada. Peter is a graduate of University College, the University of Toronto and the London School of Economics. He is married to Lena Van Praagh and has three children, Yasha, Sophia Joy and Elizabeth.

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Nirmal Kumar Verma
Nirmal Kumar Verma
High Commissioner of India to Canada, High Commission of India

Admiral (Retd.) Nirmal Verma was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1970. An alumnus of the National Defence Academy at Khadakwasla, the Admiral’s four decades of service afforded him immense experience in command, staff and training assignments afloat as well as ashore. He had the privilege of commanding three ships during his naval career, including the coveted command of an aircraft carrier. Admiral Verma attended mid and senior level professional courses at the Royal Naval Staff College and the Naval Command Course at the U.S. Naval War College. The Admiral is a post graduate in Defence Studies from the Chennai University. In his assignments as a senior flag officer, the Admiral has steered development of maritime capability, formulation of induction policy, guided the HRD programme of the Indian Navy, and structured the framework of transformation of the Navy’s Combat capability and infrastructure development.

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Alexander Vershbow
Alexander Vershbow
Deputy Secretary General, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Ambassador Alexander Vershbow is the Deputy Secretary General of NATO, the first American to serve in the position. He took up his position in February 2012 after serving for three years as the US. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, where he was responsible for U.S. security and defense relations with Europe, Eurasia, the Middle East and Africa.  From 1977 to 2008, Vershbow was a career member of the U.S. Foreign Service, serving as U.S. Ambassador to NATO (1998-2001); Russia (2001-2005), and the Republic of Korea (2005-2008).  Previous posts include Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European Affairs at the National Security Council (1994-97) and State Department Director for Soviet Union Affairs (1988-91). Vershbow, a native of Boston, Massachusetts, holds degrees from Yale and Columbia Universities in Russian/East European Studies and International Relations.

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Kurt Volker
Kurt Volker
Executive Director, McCain Institute for International Leadership

The Honorable Kurt Volker is executive director of the McCain Institute for International Leadership, part of Arizona State University and a senior fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations at the Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies. He is a member of the Atlantic Council's Strategic Advisory Group, serves on the board of the Wall Street Fund and is a trustee of the Institute for American Universities in Aix-en-Provence, France. He was a career member of the US Senior Foreign Service, with over 23 years of experience working on European policy under five US administrations. He served as ambassador to NATO, principal deputy assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs, and acting senior director for European and Eurasian affairs at the National Security Council. He holds a BA from Temple University and MA from the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Nicolai Wammen
Nicolai Wammen
Minister of Defense, Ministry of Defense, Denmark

Mr. Nicolai Wammen was appointed Minister of National Defense in August 2013.  Mr. Wammen served as Minister of European Affairs from 2011 until his most recent appointment.   From 2006 – 2011, Mr. Wammen served as the Mayor of the Municipality of Aarhus as well as heading numerous local organizations, including Chairman of the Board of the Aarhus Festival, Chairman of the Board of the Port of Aarhus, Member of the Board of Local Government Denmark.  Mr. Wammen was first elected as a Member of Parliament in 2001 and served as a Member of the Board of the Social Democratic parliamentary group.  Mr. Wammen also served as Vice-President of the Social Democrats from 2005.  He holds a MSc, Political Science, from the University of Aarhus.

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W. Bruce Weinrod
W. Bruce Weinrod
Senior Advisor, Global Impact, Inc.

Mr. W. Bruce Weinrod is an attorney and international business advisor and a senior fellow with The Potomac Foundation. Mr. Weinrod has been the Secretary of Defense representative for Europe/defense advisor to the US Mission at NATO (2007-2009), and earlier the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for European and NATO policy (1989-93). In the private sector, Mr. Weinrod has advised companies regarding US and international regulatory, legislative and policy matters. He has also been a Senate-confirmed member of the Board of Directors of the US Institute of Peace; a Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; a Distinguished Research Fellow at the US National Defense University and a Leadership Fellow of the Japan Society. He is currently a member of the International Board of the Geneva Center for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces (DCAF) and the US State Department's Defense Trade Advisory Group (DTAG).

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Jonathan Weisstub
Jonathan Weisstub
Executive Vice President, Corporate Development, Infrastructure Ontario and Chairman of the Board of Halifax International Security Forum

Mr. Jonathan Weisstub is chairman of the board of Halifax International Security Forum. Mr. Weisstub also serves as Managing Partner of CDNX Advisory Group. Mr. Weisstub was most recently the Executive Vice President, Corporate Development for Infrastructure Ontario where he led the privatization initiatives of the Province of Ontario.  Prior to this appointment, he led government wide expenditure management initiatives as assistant deputy minister and head of the program review secretariat within the Ontario Ministry of Finance. Jonathan also served as vice president of corporate affairs for Gabriel Resources, a TSX listed gold company. Prior to joining Gabriel Resources, he practiced with the law firm of Stikeman Elliott LLP in the area of securities and corporate law. Jonathan also served as senior policy advisor to the Prime Minister of Canada, from 2004 – 2006. Jonathan has a B.A. from McGill University, a M.Phil in politics from Oxford University and a law degree from the University of Toronto. 

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Michael Werz
Michael Werz
Senior Fellow, Center for American Progress

Mr. Michael Werz is a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress, where his work as member of the national security team focuses on the nexus of climate change, migration, and security and emerging democracies. Mr. Werz has been a senior transatlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund where his work focused on transatlantic foreign policy and the European Union. He has held appointments as a public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington DC, and as a John F. Kennedy Memorial Fellow at Harvard's Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies. He is a graduate of Frankfurt University's Institute for Philosophy and was professor at Hannover University in Germany. He is currently an adjunct professor at Georgetown University's BMW Center for German and European Studies. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Alexis Wichowski
Alexis Wichowski
Media Analyst, US Mission to the United Nations, US Department of State

Ms. Alexis Wichowski is a media analyst and advisor in the Office of Press and Public Diplomacy at the US Mission to the United Nations where she advises on public diplomacy and social media for the mission and its ambassadors. A former Presidential Management Fellow, she has worked with various State Department offices focused on diplomatic use of technology, including the Office of eDiplomacy and the Secretary's Office of Innovation. She has received two Meritorious Honor Awards for her service, from both the Office of eDiplomacy in 2011 and the Office of Press & Public Diplomacy at the US Mission to the United Nations in 2012. Wichowski holds a Ph.D. in Information Science from the University at Albany, where her research focused on online political communication. She also has BA in Chinese from Connecticut College and was a Fulbright scholar in China in 1996-97. Her publications include a chapter, co-authored with Dr. Jennifer Stromer-Galley, in Wiley-Blackwell’s "Handbook of Internet Studies.” 

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Werner Wnendt
Werner Wnendt
Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office

Ambassador Wnendt was appointed Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Canada in September 2012. Prior to assuming his present position, he served as Associate Deputy Minister for Culture and Communication at the Federal Foreign Office in Berlin. From 2005 until 2007, Mr. Wnendt was head of the OSCE mission in Kosovo, having previously completed an assignment as Senior Deputy High Representative of the International Community to Bosnia and Herzegovina from 2003 to 2005. Between 2000 and 2003, Mr. Wnendt served as a foreign adviser to Germany’s Federal President. From 1998, he was Deputy Head of Mission at the German Embassy to the Czech Republic. Before that, he had been Chef de Cabinet to the MinisterAmbassador of the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of State for European Integration in Germany’s Federal Government from 1995. Mr. Wnendt joined the German Foreign Service in 1980. He has also held positions in missions to the European Union in Brussels, to the U.S., Pakistan, and Kenya. 

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Moshe Yaalon
Moshe Yaalon
Minister of Defense, Ministry of Defense, Israel

The Honorable Moshe Yaalon is Minister of Defense of Israel. Mr. Yaalon is a member of Knesset at the Likud party and served as Minister for Strategic Affairs and Vice Prime Minister from 2009-2013.

Mr. Yaalon served as the 17th Chief of the Israeli Defense Force General Staff, from 2002 to 2005, head of the military intelligence, OC central command and deputy chief of Staff. Prior to entering political life, Mr. Yaalon was a distinguished military fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy and a distinguished fellow at the Shalem Center's Adelson Institute for Strategic Studies. Mr. Yaalon pursued advanced studies at the command and staff college in Camberly, England and holds a bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of Haifa.

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Hasan Kemal Yardimci
Hasan Kemal Yardimci
Deputy Minister of National Defence, Republic of Turkey

Mr. Hasan Kemal Yardımcı was appointed as the Deputy Minister of National Defense in 2011. Mr. Yardımcı was formally Chairman of the National Defence Board of the Turkish Parliament.  Mr. Yardımcı entered politics during the 23rd term of Parliament as an Istanbul deputy for the ruling Justice and Development Party.  Prior to entering politics, Mr. Yardımcı worked as board chairman of Yardımcılar Holding AŞ. Mr. Yardımcı also spent time as captain and CEO of the Rizespor Club’s professional football team, and was a member of the Fenerbahce Sports Club congress. In addition, Yardımcı spent time working with various charities.  He has been the member of İstanbul Chamber of Shipping Assembly and founder member of Rize Social Welfare Foundation. He is a civil engineer, industrialist and shipowner. Mr. Yardımcı is a graduate of the Governmental Academy of Architecture and Engineering School of İstanbul Vatan. He is still the İstanbul Consulate General of the Government of the Bahamas.

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