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5K run with the Hon. Harjit Sajjan, Minister of National Defence, Canada


Plenary Recaps




PLENARY 7 Spies Love Us: Protecting Information in the Age of Openness

The first plenary of Day Three opened with a recognition of how significant it was that cyber security made it on the Forum’s agenda. The discussion focused on the need for critical and flexible infrastructure to address current security challenges, particularly those involving new cyber threats. Panelists agreed that we are moving into a world of artificial intelligence, where our increasingly interconnected society will require more and more security. Cyber threats involve a variety of state and non-state actors. This is why solutions need to be implemented through joint partnerships between the government and the private sector. At the end of the session, speakers reminded the audience that there is no one-size fits all approach to curbing cyber threats. We should aim for resilience, as opposed to achieving perfect security.  


“Privacy as we know it is gone.” –  General Amos Yadlin

“You don’t have to be a great expert to become a successful penetrator of the system.” – Baroness Pauline Neville Jones DCMG

“The whole challenge of cyber security is about to get a whole lot harder because of quantum computing.” – Ms. Greta Bossenmaier

“Just because someone comes at us with cyber does not mean we have to respond in kind. We have to play to the strengths of our nation and those of our friends and allies.” – Admiral Michael Rogers

“The essence of good classification is keep it to a minimum.” – Pauline Neville Jones

“The press has an incredibly important role … it has stood us in good stead. Is it challenging at times? Heck ya.” – Admiral Michael Rogers

Plenary 7 Introductory Video


PLENARY 8 | Return of the Nation State

Moderator Kathleen Koch opened the final plenary session by posing a question about the recent rise of nationalist feelings and what it means for the rest of the world. Are countries beginning to turn inward? The debate focused on ways to achieve a balance between the need for national self-determination and the creation of state institutions. It is also vital to ensure good governance, regardless of geography. Speakers made a theoretical distinction between characteristics of patriotism and nationalism. They then applied that theory to case studies such as Russia, the United States, Israel, and Kurdistan. 

“We have to be careful about the assumption that there are things that have always existed called nations. We also should be careful about the assumption that every nation should necessarily have their own state.” – Dr. Eliot Cohen

“Patriotism is not nationalism.” – Dr. Eliot Cohen

“You can’t just make democracy by toppling tyrannical regimes and holding elections.” – The Hon. Moshe Ya’alon

“After the Mosul operations, this process will start.” – H.E. Minister Falah Mustafa Bakir on Kurdish independence negotiations with Iraq

“The bad manner of nationalism is mobilizing the people against someone else.” – The Hon. Moshe Ya’alon

Plenary 8 Introductory Video


Closing Press Conference

WATCH: The Hon. Harjit Sajjan, Canada’s Defence Minister and President Peter Van Praagh deliver remarks to the press to close the 2016 Halifax International Security Forum.b12df9f1-a250-4f01-aba8-7b5a30dd68b5 

In Pictures


Here is how you can revisit any of this weekend’s on the record sessions and stay connected with us as we gear up for the 2017 Halifax International Security Forum.

On Twitter: Follow us at @HfxForum for updates. 

On Facebook: Like our Facebook page where you can watch all of the plenary videos.

On our website: Revisit all the plenaries on our website.

On YouTube: Watch all of the on the record sessions on our YouTube page.

As the 2016 Forum comes to a close, we offer our sincere thanks to all the panelists, participants, staff and volunteers for their critical roles in another successful event. The thoughtful and provocative discussions we heard here are proof of how indispensable the Forum has become to the promotion of global security and democracy. Thank you for reading Heard@Halifax, and we look forward to seeing you all again in 2017.

Press Releases

Canada Unveils New Defence Policy

WASHINGTON, DC – Canadian Minister of National Defence Harjit S. Sajjan released Canada’s new defence policy yesterday, entitled Strong, Secure, Engaged. This policy announcement is the…

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