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Zaffar Abbas
Zaffar Abbas

Mr. Zaffar Abbas attended the Forum in 2010 and 2014 as the Editor of Dawn, Pakistan’s oldest and most prestigious English language newspaper. With over 30 years of experience in journalism, Mr. Abbas has covered events extensively in Pakistan as well as other countries such as India, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh. During this period he has worked for several news organizations, including the BBC as one of its Pakistan correspondents. Some of the major events covered by him during his journalistic career include Pakistan’s complicated civil-military relations, rise of the Islamic militancy in the country, and its links with the insurgency in Kashmir and Afghanistan. Because of his bold and objective coverage of armed militancy, he twice faced the wrath of different militant groups in the past, but luckily survived with non-fatal injuries. Mr. Abbas is a keen follower of both the Pakistani and regional politics, has covered the civil war in Afghanistan from the days of the Soviet occupation, and separatist movements in Kashmir and within Pakistan. The last few years have been mostly dedicated to report and analyze the fall-out of the so-called war on terror on Pakistan, the tricky peace process between India and Pakistan, as well as the complicated political developments in the country.

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Stéphane Abrial
Stéphane Abrial

General (retired) Stéphane Abrial attended the Forum in 2010 and 2011 as Supreme Allied Commander Transformation of NATO, attended in 2012 as former commander, and attended in 2013 as President and CEO of Safran.  General Abrial served as a flight commander in a unit of the German Luftwaffe from 1981 to 1984 and with a unit of the Greek Air Force in 1988. He served as commander of the French Air Force’s 5th Fighter Wing during Operation Desert Storm. From 1996 to 1999, he served at the NATO International Military Staff in Brussels. He completed several appointments in the private offices of the French prime minister and president, and went on to serve as head of the French air defense and air operations command, and finally as Air Force chief of staff from 2006 to 2009. General Abrial is a graduate of the French Air Force Academy; the US Air War College, Montgomery, Alabama; and of the French Institute for Advanced Studies in National Defense.

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Said Abd Al-Rahman Ahmad Abu-Ali
Said Abd Al-Rahman Ahmad Abu-Ali

The Honourable Said Abu-Ali attended the Forum in 2011 as Minister of the Interior of the Palestinian National Authority. Previously, he was Minister of Interior and National Security and Governor of the cities of Ramallah and Nablus. He also served as Director of the Palestinian Planning Center “President’s Office.” Dr. Abu-Ali holds a Ph.D. in political science from Tunis University and a Ph.D. in international organizations from Toulouse University. He also has lectured on public law and international relations at Al-Azhar University, Jerusalem University and Beir-Zeit University.

 

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M.J. Akbar
M.J. Akbar

Mr. M.J. Akbar attended the Forum in 2011 and 2012 as the Editorial Director of India Today, in 2013 as Editor-in-Chief of Sunday Guardian, and in 2014 as a Spokesperson for the Bhartiya Janata Party. Mr. Akbar is a leading Indian author, columnist, and public figure. His books include India: The Siege Within, Nehru: The Making of India, Kashmir: Behind the Vale, The Shade of Swords, Blood Brothers, and Tinderbox: The Past and Future of Pakistan, which examines how the foundational impulse of theocracy has turned the first Islamic state in the post-colonial era into a “jelly” nation that has become a sanctuary for jihadists determined to spread instability through terrorism. Mr. Akbar joined the present ruling party, BJP, before the general elections in which Prime Minister Narendra Modi won a historic victory, and served as the party spokesperson during the polls and thereafter.

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John Allen
John Allen

General John R. Allen, US Marine Corps (Ret.) was named the Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL by President Obama on September 12, 2014. He served in that position until November, 2015. From April 2013 to May 2014, he served as Senior Advisor to the Secretary of Defense on Middle Security leading the Security Dialogue of the Middle East Peace Process. General Allen commanded the NATO International Security Assistance Force and United States Forces in Afghanistan from July 2011 to February 2013. Prior to that tour, he served as Deputy Commander, of the US Central Command.  From 2007-2008, as the Deputy Commander of Multi-National Force – West in the Al Anbar province of Iraq, he played a major role in the Sunni tribal “Awakening Movement” or Sahawa al Iraq. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. General Allen holds a B.S. in operations analysis from the US Naval Academy, a M.A. in national security studies from Georgetown University, a M.S. in strategic intelligence from the Defense Intelligence College, and a M.S. in national security strategy from the National Defense University.

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Hakan Altinay
Hakan Altinay

Mr. Hakan Altinay attended the Forum in 2011 as a Senior Fellow at The Brookings Institution, where he works on questions of constituency building and normative frameworks for enhanced global cooperation and governance. In his book, Global Civics: Responsibilities and Rights in an Interdependent World, Mr. Altinay and others argue that the web of cross-border interactions and interdependencies have become too thick to manage without a draft global social contract. In 2009, he was a World Fellow at Yale University. He was also the founding executive director of the Open Society Institute and the Open Society Foundation in Turkey, where he is currently the chairman of the board.

 

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Antony Bertram Anderson
Antony Bertram Anderson

Major General Antony Bertram Anderson attended the Forum in 2011 and 2012 as Chief of Defence Staff of the Jamaica Defence Force. Major General Anderson was appointed chief of defence staff of the Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) in October 2010. Prior to this appointment, Major General Anderson served for two years as deputy chief of defence staff with responsibility for force strategy, operational policy, planning and development, national security strategy coordination and the implementation of the Strategic Defence Review. In 2006, he oversaw the CARICOM Operations Planning and Coordinating Staff, an organization formed to develop the regional security plans for the ICC Cricket World Cup. He holds a bachelor’s degree in engineering and a master’s in defense administration from Cranfield University in the United Kingdom. He is a graduate of the Canadian Land Forces Command and Staff College and the US Army Command and General Staff College. Major General Anderson has also received the Order of Distinction, Commander Class for distinguished service to the Jamaica Defence Force.

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James Appathurai
James Appathurai

James Appathurai was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary General in December 2010. As DASG, he is responsible for NATO’s political relations with countries across the globe, international organisations, enlargement, and arms control.  He provides policy advice on political issues affecting the security of the Alliance.  He is responsible for implementing and developing NATO’s relations with all its partner countries and organisations, including through Political Agreements, Partnership Cooperation Programmes, and other bilateral and multilateral arrangements. As the Secretary General’s Special Representative, he is responsible for carrying forward the Alliance’s policy in the two strategically important regions of the Caucasus and Central Asia.  Mr. Appathurai previously served as NATO’s Spokesperson from 2004 to 2010. Prior to that he served as Deputy Head and Senior Planning Officer in the Policy Planning and Speechwriting Section of NATO’s Political Affairs Division from 1998 to 2004. He served in the Canadian Defence Department from 1994 to 1998.

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Shlomo Avineri
Shlomo Avineri

Dr. Shlomo Avineri is Professor of Political Science at Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. He is a graduate of Hebrew University and the London School of Economics and served as Director-General of Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the government of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. He held visit- ing appointments at Yale, Cornell, University of California, Car- dozo School of Law, Australian National University, Oxford, and Northwestern University. He has been a fellow at the Brookings Institution, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Institute for World Economy and International Relations, and Collegium Budapest. In 1996, he received the Israel Prize, the country’s highest civilian decoration. His most recent book is Theodor Herzl and the Foundation of the Jewish State.

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John Baird
John Baird

The Honourable John Baird attended the Forum in 2013 and 2014 as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada. He was first elected to the House of Commons in 2006 and re-elected in 2008 and 2011. In February 2006, Mr. Baird was sworn in as President of the Treasury Board. In January 2007, he was named Minister of the Environment and, in October 2008, he became Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities. In August 2010, he was named Leader of the Government in the House of Commons. From November 2010 to January 2011, he undertook additional responsibilities as Minister of the Environment. He was named to his current portfolio following the federal election of May 2011. Prior to entering federal politics, Mr. Baird was a member of Ontario’s provincial legislature. During that time, he served as Minister of Community and Social Services, Energy, Francophone Affairs, Children and Youth Services, and as Government House Leader.  In 2008, he was named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum. Mr. Baird holds a Bachelor of Arts in political studies from Queen’s University.

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Ehud Barak
Ehud Barak

The Honorable Ehud Barak attended the Forum in 2010 as the Minister of Defense, in 2011 as the Minister of Defense and Deputy Prime Minister, and in 2014 as the former Prime Minister of Israel. He served as Prime Minister of Israel from 1999 to 2001. During his tenure, Prime Minister Barak led the country out of prolonged recession and into an economic boom, with 5.9% annual growth (9% 3rd Q), record foreign investments, near zero inflation, a halved deficit and significantly decreased external debt. However, the core of the Barak government’s effort was devoted to the peace process: in May 2000 Prime Minister Barak ordered the withdrawal of the Israeli Defense Forces from South Lebanon ending 18 tragic and bloody years of Israel’s presence there. Before being elected Prime Minister, Barak completed an illustrious 36-year career in the Israeli Defense Forces as the most decorated soldier in its history. Additionally, he served as Chief of the General Staff of the IDF where he was involved in the negotiation and implementation of the 1994 peace treaty with Jordan. Barak also served his country as Minister of the Interior, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Defense Minister. He received his B.S. in Mathematics and Physics from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and his M.SC in Economic Engineering Systems at Stanford University in California.

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John Barrasso
John Barrasso

Senator John Barrasso has a long and distinguished career in both medicine and public service. In 2012, Barrasso was reelected to the US. Senate with over 75% of the vote to represent his home state of Wyoming. He is the fourth-ranking member in the Senate Republican leadership as Chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee. He serves on committees that directly impact Wyoming’s economy, energy interests, public lands, national parks, and trade. He is also Chairman of the Senate Western Caucus. Senator Barrasso is known by many as Wyoming’s Doctor. During his 24 years as an orthopedic surgeon, Barrasso served as President of the Wyoming Medical Society and was named Wyoming Physician of the Year. Barrasso has three children: Peter, Emma, and Hadley. He and his wife Bobbi live in Casper.

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Gitte Lillelund Bech
Gitte Lillelund Bech

The Honorable Gitte Lillelund Bech attended the Forum in 2010 while serving as the Minister of Defense of Denmark. Ms. Lillelund Bech served as Minister of Defense from 2010 to 2011 and then as a Member of Parliament from 2011 to 2013. She served as an MP for the Liberal Party since 1999, representing the Gladsaxe Circle. After graduating from the Gymnasium Faaborg, she attended the Copenhagen Business School in 1999. She then worked as an analyst at Danish Bank, and then as a consultant with COWI Consulting Engineers A/S.

 

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Steven Blaney
Steven Blaney

The Honourable Steven Blaney attended the Forum in 2013 and 2014 as the Canadian Minister of Public Safety. Mr. Blaney was first elected to the House of Commons in 2006 and re-elected in 2008 and 2011. In July 2013, Mr. Blaney was appointed Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness. Previously, he was appointed Minister of Veterans Affairs in May 2011, and to the additional position of Minister for La Francophonie in February 2013. Mr. Blaney was appointed Vice-Chair of the Conservative Quebec Caucus and in October 2008 he became Chair of that Caucus. He served on the standing committees on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development, and on Environment and Sustainable Development. In May 2007, Mr. Blaney became Chair of the Standing Committee on Official Languages, which strives to promote linguistic duality throughout the country. After he graduated from the Université de Sherbrooke, Mr. Blaney became a civil engineer in 1988 and then obtained a Master of Business Administration in 2002 in Lévis. Mr. Blaney is married to Marie Bouchard and has two children.

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Luvsanvandan Bold
Luvsanvandan Bold

The Honourable Luvsanvandan Bold attended the Forum in 2010 and 2011 as the Mongolian Minister of Defense. Mr. Bold was appointed Minister of Defense in September 2008. Previously appointed Chairman of the Mineral Resources and Petroleum Authority of Mongolia, Mr. Bold has held leadership positions across the business and government sectors. He was elected to parliament and served as chair of the Parliamentary Committee on the Promotion of Foreign Investment from 1996 to 2000 before working as chairman of the Board of Governors at the Golomt Bank of Mongolia and president of the Mongolian Bankers Association from 2000 to 2005. Active in the NGO sector, Mr. Bold has been awarded the Order of the Polar Star in Mongolia and Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. He is a graduate of the Trade Union University Bernau in Berlin, Germany.

 

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Susan Bonner
Susan Bonner

Susan Bonner attended the Forum in 2009 and 2010 the Washington Correspondent for CBC News and in 2014 as the host of CBC Radio’s World at Six. Susan draws on decades of experience to guide Canadians through the major news stories of the day on the flagship newscast. For close to 30 years she’s been a CBC reporter with postings in just about every province as well as a decade in CBC’s parliamentary bureau and most recently four years in Washington. Born in Montreal, Susan earned a journalism degree from Ryerson University in Toronto. She learned about Canada on its front lines, joining CBC in 1985 as a national summer trainee. To beat any central Canada bent out of her, she was promptly sent west where she spent several years working in Saskatoon and Calgary. To balance things out she went to Halifax where she honed her love of political reporting. That led to a posting in Montreal in the post Meech Lake turbulence. Susan also spent several years in Toronto as a writer and producer but was lured back into reporting in the late 90s, covering the economy. From there she went to Ottawa for a decade of reporting on the end of Liberal dominance, the tumultuous minority government era and the birth and rise of Stephen Harper’s conservative government. Susan has recently come home from an exhilarating stint in CBC’s Washington bureau, covering the Obama government and all the major global issues that dominate the US capital. She lives in Toronto with her husband and son.

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Stephen Breyer
Stephen Breyer

The Honorable Stephen Breyer attended the Forum in 2009 as an Associate Justice for the United States Supreme Court. Mr Breyer was nominated by President Clinton in 1994. From 1980–1990, he served as a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, and as its chief judge from 1990–1994. He also served as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States, 1990–1994, and of the United States Sentencing Commission, 1985–1989. He was an assistant professor, professor of law, and lecturer at Harvard Law School, 1967–1994, a professor at the Harvard University Kennedy School of Government, 1977–1980, and a visiting professor at the College of Law, Sydney, Australia and at the University of Rome. He received an A.B. from Stanford University, a B.A. from Magdalen College, Oxford, and an LL.B. from Harvard Law School.

 

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Darrell Bricker
Darrell Bricker

Dr. Darrell Bricker holds a Ph.D. in political science from Carleton University, and a B.A. and M.A. from Wilfrid Laurier University. He has been awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree by Wilfrid Laurier University, which named him one of their top 100 graduates in the last 100 years. Dr. Bricker has written five national bestselling books. His latest, The Big Shift (with John Ibbitson), is a major release with Harper Collins. Dr. Bricker is a popular public speaker who regularly engages with audiences around the world. He has written articles for publications as diverse as Canada’s Globe and Mail and France’s Le Monde. Dr. Bricker is the Honorary Colonel of the Queen’s York Rangers, a reserve regiment in the Canadian Army. He has received commendations from the Commanders of Canada’s Army and Navy, and has been awarded the Diamond Jubilee Medal for community service.

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Scott Brison
Scott Brison

Scott Brison, the Member of Parliament for Kings–Hants (Nova Scotia), has been elected to Canada’s House of Commons in seven general elections: June 1997, November 2000, June 2004, January 2006, October 2008, May 2011, and October 2015. He was a key spokesperson on economic issues and served as the Critic for Finance as well as Vice-Chair of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. Mr. Brison has been a member of the Trilateral Commission and was named by the World Economic Forum of Davos, Switzerland, as one of its “Young Global Leaders.” In August 2010, he was awarded the Order of San Carlos by Colombian President Álvaro Uribe in recognition of his contributions to the Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement. He served as Minister of Public Works and Government Services, and Receiver General of Canada, from 2004 to 2006, and was the youngest member of Prime Minister Paul Martin’s Cabinet. He also served on three Cabinet committees: Treasury Board, Domestic Affairs, and Expenditure Review. Mr. Brison has had extensive private sector experience as an entrepreneur and investment banker. Mr. Brison and his partner, Maxime St-Pierre live in Cheverie, Nova Scotia, on the shores of the Minas Basin, home of the world’s highest tides. He was born in Windsor, Nova Scotia, on May 10, 1967, and in 1989 graduated from Dalhousie University with a Bachelor of Commerce degree in Finance.

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Gerry Brownlee
Gerry Brownlee

The Honourable Gerry Brownlee attended the Forum in 2014 as the New Zealand Minister of Defence. Minister Brownlee is the Member of Parliament for the Christchurch constituency of Ilam, a seat he has held comfortably since 1996. Ranked number three in Cabinet, he is Minister of Defence, Leader of the House (with responsibility for the Government’s legislative programme), Minister Responsible for the Earthquake Commission, and Minister for Canterbury Earthquake Recovery. He became Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Minister since soon after a devastating 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch on September 4, 2010. His role got much larger following the 22nd of February 2011 when a 6.3 magnitude quake hit the city, killing 185 people and resulting in widespread residential and commercial property destruction. The earthquakes, and the subsequent rebuild of New Zealand’s second largest city, are New Zealand’s costliest event. Following a long involvement in the National Party he won the constituency of Ilam in 1996. During his political career he has served as Junior Whip and Deputy Leader of the National Party, Minister for Economic Development, Minister of Energy and Resources, Associate Minister for the Rugby World Cup and Minister of Transport. He has always been involved in the local community and served on the Riccarton Bush Trust. He is a strong advocate for sport and cultural activity for all New Zealanders.

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Mark Carney
Mark Carney

Mr. Mark Carney attended the Forum in 2010 while he was the Governor of the Bank of Canada. Mr. Carney was appointed Governor of the Bank of England in 2013. Within the Bank of England, Mr. Carney is a member of the Monetary Policy Committee, the Financial Policy Committee, and is on the board of the Prudential Regulation Authority. In addition to his duties at the Bank of England, he serves as Chairman of the Financial Stability Board (FSB) and as a member of the Board of Directors of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). Mr. Carney is also a member of the Group of Thirty and the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum. Born in Fort Smith, Northwest Territories, Mr. Carney received a bachelor’s degree in economics from Harvard University in 1988. He received a master’s degree in economics in 1993 and a doctorate in economics in 1995, both from Oxford University. Prior to entering public service, Mr. Carney had a 13-year career with Goldman Sachs in its London, Tokyo, New York and Toronto offices. Mr. Carney was appointed Deputy Governor of the Bank of Canada in August 2003. In November 2004, he left the Bank to become Senior Associate Deputy Minister of Finance. In February 2008 he became the Governor of the Bank of Canada – a position he held until his appointment to Governor of the Bank of England.

 

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Steve Clemons
Steve Clemons

Mr. Steve Clemons attended the Forum in 2011 as a Senior Fellow of the American Strategy Program at the New America Foundation. He attended is 2012 and 2013 as Editor-at-Large at The Atlantic, and in 2014 as the Washington Editor-At-Large for The Atlantic and Editor-in-Chief of AtlanticLIVE and QuartzLIVE. He is also Editor-at-Large for Quartz. At AtlanticLIVE, The Atlantic’s premium events division, Clemons develops concepts and editorial content and leads programs as an interviewer, moderator, and host. Clemons joined The Atlantic in June 2011 from the New America Foundation, a think tank devoted to pragmatic, non-ideological policy innovation, and intellectual entrepreneurship. He helped launch the Foundation twelve years ago, served as its Executive Vice President for eight years, founded its American Strategy Program, and continues to serve there as a Senior Fellow. Mr. Clemons also served as Executive Vice President of the Economic Strategy Institute, as Senior Policy Advisor on Economic and International Affairs to Senator Jeff Bingaman (D-NM), and as the first Executive Director of the Nixon Center. He is also a member of the World Economic Forum Council on Geopolitical Risk.

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Roger Cohen
Roger Cohen

Mr. Roger Cohen attended the Forum in 2009 as a columnist at The New York Times and The International Herald Tribune and in 2010 as a columnist for The International Herald Tribune. He has been a foreign correspondent for more than a decade and is currently serving as foreign editor and columnist for The New York Times. Since 2004, he has written a column for The Times-owned International Herald Tribune, first for the news pages and then, since 2007, for the op-ed page. Mr. Cohen has written Hearts Grown Brutal: Sagas of Sarajevo (Random House, 1998), an account of the wars of Yugoslavia’s destruction, and Soldiers and Slaves: American POWs Trapped by the Nazis’ Final Gamble (Alfred A. Knopf, 2005). He has also co-written a biography of General Norman Schwarzkopf, In the Eye of the Storm (Farrar Straus & Giroux, 1991).

 

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Tom Cotton
Tom Cotton

The Honorable Tom Cotton attended the Forum in 2014 as the Senator-elect for the State of Arkansas. A native of Dardanelle, Tom graduated from Harvard and Harvard Law School. He clerked for the US Court of Appeals and practiced law before joining the United States Army as an infantry officer. Tom spent nearly five years on active duty, deploying to both Iraq and Afghanistan. Tom’s military decorations include the Bronze Star Medal, Combat Infantryman Badge, and Ranger tab. Most recently, Tom worked as a management consultant for McKinsey & Co. He began his first term in Congress in January 2013 and currently sits on the Financial Services and Foreign Affairs Committees.

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Ted Cruz
Ted Cruz

The Honorable Ted Cruz attended the Forum in 2014 as the 34th US Senator from Texas. A passionate fighter for limited government, economic growth, and the Constitution, Sen. Cruz serves on several committees, including the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Judiciary. Before being elected, Ted served under Attorney General Greg Abbott as the Solicitor General of Texas, the State’s chief lawyer before the US Supreme Court. He has authored more than 80 US Supreme Court briefs and argued 43 oral arguments, including nine before the US Supreme Court. Prior to becoming Solicitor General, he served during the Bush Administration at the Federal Trade Commission and the US Department of Justice. After graduating from Harvard Law, Ted served as a law clerk to Chief Justice William Rehnquist on the US Supreme Court. Ted and his wife Heidi live with their two daughters in his hometown of Houston, Texas.

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Premvir Saran Das
Premvir Saran Das

Vice Admiral P.S. Das attended the Forum in 2010 as a Distinguished Fellow at the Institute of  Peace and Conflict Studies in India, and attended in 2011, 2012, and 2013 representing the executive council of the Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses. Mr. Das retired from the Indian Navy in 1998 as commander-in-chief of the Eastern Naval Command. He was also chief of staff of the Eastern Naval Command, fleet commander of the Eastern Fleet, fortress commander of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and director general of the Defence Planning Staff. After retirement, Admiral Das served on the Executive Council of the Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) and the United Service Institute, two of the leading security and strategy think tanks in India. Admiral Das writes regularly for national newspapers and journals and has served as member of the National Security Advisory Board in the Office of the Prime Minister. He is a graduate of the U.S. Naval War College and holds an M.B.A.

 

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Howard Dean
Howard Dean

Howard Dean attended the Forum in 2013 and 2014 as a Senior Strategic Advisor at McKenna Long Aldridge LLP. Dean served as Governor of Vermont for six terms from 1991 to 2003 – the second longest serving governor in the state. He gained national prominence as a leading Democratic candidate in the 2004 Presidential election. Dean was elected as Chairman of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) in 2005, serving until 2009. As Chair, Dean was lead strategist, spokesman, and fundraiser for the DNC. He is credited with pioneering an energetic 50-state strategy and the development of 21st century campaign tools that helped Democrats make historic gains in the 2006 and 2008 elections. Dean has also served as Chairman of the National Governors’ Association, the Democratic Governors’ Association, as well as the New England Governors’ Conference while serving as Governor of Vermont. He is the founder of Democracy for America, a MSNBC contributor, and serves on the Board of Directors for National Democratic Institute (NDI). Before entering politics Dean worked as a physician. Dean currently works as an independent consultant focusing on the areas of health care, early childhood development, alternative energy, and the expansion of grassroots politics and democracy around the world. He serves on the Board of the National Democratic Institute and focuses on Ukraine, Moldova, and the Balkans. He has also spent time in China and Myanmar. He also continues to be active in Democratic Party politics.

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Francis Delon
Francis Delon

Mr. Francis Delon attended the Forum in 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 as the Secretary General for National Defense. He previously served as president of subsection five of the Litigation Division of the Council of State from 1997 to 2004. Concurrently, he was president of the Appeal Committee of the Organization for Joint Armament Cooperation, and a member of the Board of Directors of the French National Library. Mr. Delon was the principal chief of staff for the Minister of National Education, higher education and research, and previously served as Director for International Affairs and Cooperation at the Ministry of National Education as well as being its senior civil servant for defense issues. From 1988 to 1994, Mr. Delon held the position of First Counselor and Legal Adviser at the Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations in New York. He graduated from ENA, France’s school of public management. 

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Raghida Dergham
Raghida Dergham

Ms. Raghida Dergham attended the Forum in 2011 and 2012 as a senior diplomatic correspondent for the London-based Al Hayat, the leading independent Arabic daily. She writes a regular weekly strategic column on international political affairs. Ms. Dergham is also a member of the International Media Council of the World Economic Forum, composed by 100 of the most respected and influential media figures worldwide and was named one of the 100 Most Powerful Arab Women in 2011. She served as a political analyst for NBC, MSNBC and the Arab satellite LBC for eight years, and is founder and executive chairman of Beirut Institute, an independent and nonpartisan Arab think tank. Ms. Dergham is in the State University of New York’s Hall of Fame as a Distinguished Alumna and received an Honorary Doctorate of Letters in 2003.

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Karen DeYoung
Karen DeYoung

Ms. Karen DeYoung attended the Forum in 2010 and 2011 as the Associate Editor of the Washington Post. She is a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, associate editor and senior national security correspondent for the Washington Post. In more than three decades at the paper, she has served as bureau chief in Latin America and London and correspondent covering the White House, U.S. foreign policy and the intelligence community, as well as assistant managing editor for national news, national editor and foreign editor. She has won numerous awards for national and international reporting and is the author of Soldier, a biography of Colin Powell.

 

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Paula Dobriansky
Paula Dobriansky

Ambassador Paula J. Dobriansky has attended the Forum since 2009, most recently as a Senior Fellow at Harvard University’s JFK Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and Chair, National Board of Directors of the World Affairs Councils of America. From 2010–2012, she was Senior Vice President and Global Head of Government and Regulatory Affairs at Thomson Reuters, and also held the Distinguished National Security Chair at the US Naval Academy. She served as Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs (2001-2009) and from 2007-2009, as the President’s Special Envoy to Northern Ireland. She received the Secretary of State’s highest honor, the Distinguished Service Medal, for her work in these positions. Other high level government positions include: Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, Deputy Head of the US Delegation to the 1990 Copenhagen Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), and Director of European and Soviet Affairs at the National Security Council, the White House. From 1997- 2001, she served as Senior Vice President and Director of the Washington Office of the Council on Foreign Relations and was the first George F. Kennan Senior Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Ambassador Dobriansky received a B.S.F.S. summa cum laude in International Politics from Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and a M.A. and Ph.D. in Soviet political/military affairs from Harvard University.

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Gary Doer
Gary Doer

Gary Doer has attended the Forum since 2010 as the Ambassador of Canada to the United States of America. Prior to taking up his position in Washington, Ambassador Doer served as Premier of Manitoba for ten years. During that time, he worked extensively with US governors to enhance Canada-US cooperation on trade, agriculture, water protection, climate change, and renewable energy. Ambassador Doer won three consecutive elections as Premier of Manitoba with successive increased majorities. In 2005, he was named by Business Week magazine as one of the top 20 international leaders on climate change. His government introduced balanced budgets during each of his ten years in office while reducing many taxes, including a plan to eliminate small business tax. As Premier, he led strategic investments in health care, education, training, and infrastructure. Ambassador Doer hails from Winnipeg. He is married with two daughters.

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Lyse Doucet
Lyse Doucet

Ms. Lyse Doucet is the BBC’s award winning Chief International Correspondent and a Presenter for BBC World News TV and BBC World Service radio who is often deployed to anchor special news coverage from the field and report across the BBC. She played a key role in the BBC’s coverage of the “Arab Uprisings “ across the Middle East and North Africa. She is a regular visitor to Afghanistan and Pakistan from where she has been reporting for the past two decades. Her work has also focused on major natural disasters including the Indian Ocean tsunami, and more recently Pakistan floods. Before joining the BBC’s team of presenters in 1999, Ms. Doucet spent 15 years as a BBC foreign correspondent with postings in Jerusalem, Tehran, Amman, Kabul, Islamabad, and Abidjan. Ms. Doucet was born in eastern Canada and has a master’s degree in international relations from the University of Toronto and a B.A. Honours from Queen’s University at Kingston.

 

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Espen Barth Eide
Espen Barth Eide

Espen Barth Eide attended the Forum in 2009, 2010, and 2013, most recently as the Managing Director of the World Economic Forum. Previously he had served as Norway’s Minister of Foreign Affairs from September 2012 until October 2013. During the Stoltenberg II government (2005-2013), he also held the positions of Minister of Defense, State Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and State Secretary in the Ministry of Defense. In the first Stoltenberg government (2000-2001), he was State Secretary for Foreign Affairs. Apart from his posts in government, Mr. Eide has pursued an academic career in political science, and from 1993 to 2000 and from 2002 to 2005 he was a senior researcher and research director at Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). Mr. Eide has been centrally involved in numerous UN reform processes, in the development of NATO’s new strategic concept, in setting a new international agenda for the Arctic, in fostering closer Nordic cooperation, in building relations with emerging regions, and in a variety of peace processes. In the MOD, he led a major defense reform; established Norway’s Cyber Defense and oversaw several large procurement programs, including the acquisition of the F-35 for the RNoAF. Mr. Eide graduated with a degree in political science from the University of Oslo and has also studied in Barcelona.

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Golnaz 
Esfandiari
Golnaz 
Esfandiari

Ms. Golnaz Esfandiari attended the forum in 2010 and 2013 as a Senior Correspondent in RFE/RL’s Central Newsroom and editor of the Persian Letters blog. She served previously as chief editor of RFE’s Persian-language service, Radio Farda and as head of the newsroom’s Asia desk. Born in Tehran, she has traveled to Afghanistan several times and reported on the country’s first parliamentary elections

 

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Michael Fallon
Michael Fallon

The Right Honorable Michael Fallon MP attended the Forum in 2014 as the Secretary of State for Defence. He has been the Conservative MP for Sevenoaks, Kent since 1997. Fallon was educated at Epsom College and the University of St. Andrews. Fallon was MP for Darlington from 1983 to 1992. He was a minister in the Department for Education and Science from 1990 to 1992. More recently he has held positions on the Treasury Select Committee and was Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party. He was appointed Minister for Business and Enterprise in September 2012 and Minister of State for Energy in March 2013. In 2014 he also became Minister for Portsmouth. Fallon is a former director of Bannatyne Fitness Ltd (fitness clubs), Quality Care Homes plc (nursing homes), Just Learning Ltd (nurseries), Attendo AB (Scandinavian social and health care), and Tullett Prebon plc (inter-dealing broking). Fallon is married and has 2 children.

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Dean Fealk
Dean Fealk

Dean Fealk serves as outside general counsel to the Halifax International Security Forum. He is also a partner at global law firm DLA Piper. He advises leading multinational companies on a wide range of legal and strategic issues related to international business. Dean is active in business and civic leadership in California, serving on the board of directors of the Bay Area Council, the California Business Roundtable. He is an appointed advisor to the US Department of Commerce, US Trade Representative and California Governor’s Office. He represented California as the Governor’s trade and investment delegate to China and Mexico. Dean is a Fulbright Scholar, Presidential Leadership Scholar, Marshall Memorial Fellow, and Truman National Security Fellow. He is a graduate of the London School of Economics, Leadership San Francisco, and the executive leadership program at Harvard Business School.

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Mark Fitzgerald
Mark Fitzgerald

Admiral (retired) Mark Fitzgerald attended the Forum in 2009 while serving as Commander of U.S. Naval Forces Europe, Allied Joint Force Command Naples, and U.S. Naval Forces Africa, and in 2014 as a foreign affairs correspondent for The Irish Times. Mr. Fitzgerald retired from his duties as commander in 2010. He previously served as Director, Navy Staff from December 2006 to November 2007 and Commander, U.S. 2nd Fleet from 2004 until December 2006. He assumed the duties of Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe and Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Naples on November 30, 2007 and assumed the additional duties as Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Africa on March 26, 2009.

 

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Helga Flores Trejo
Helga Flores Trejo

Ms. Helga Flores Trejo attended the Forum in 2011 as a foreign policy fellow at the Brookings Institution, and in 2012 and 2013 as the Principal External Relations Advisor at the Inter-American Development Bank. She is a foreign policy expert who has lived and worked in Bonn, Berlin, Belgrade, Washington D.C. and Brasilia. Currently she is the Principal External Relations Advisor for the Inter-American Development Bank where she leads the sustainability work in Latin America. Prior, she worked in Brasil leading communications and strategic relations for the Inter-American Development Bank. She has served for six years as Executive Director of the Heinrich Boell Foundation office in Washington, a foreign policy, democracy and development German think tank. Prior to leading the Foundation, Ms. Flores Trejo worked in the Balkans as Senior Advisor at the Belgrade Mission of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe(OSCE), where she directed a program on parliamentary oversight of the military and security services in the region. Before that she worked as Chief of Staff for the Government of Hamburg and Senior Advisor on foreign policy and development in the German Bundestag.

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Michèle Flournoy
Michèle Flournoy

Ms. Michèle Flournoy attended the Forum in 2010 as the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy of the United States. She was confirmed in the position by the U.S. Senate on February 9, 2009 and was at the time the highest-ranking woman to hold a post at the Pentagon in the facility’s history. Ms. Flournoy founded and was named president of the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) in 2007. Prior to co-founding CNAS with Kurt Campbell, she was a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, where she worked on a broad range of defense policy and international security issues. Previously, she was a distinguished research professor at the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University (NDU).

 

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Liam Fox
Liam Fox

Dr. Liam Fox attended the Forum in 2010 as the Minister of Defence, and in 2011, 2012, and 2013 as a member of the British Parliament. He was elected a member of parliament for North Somerset in 1992. In 1993, he was appointed parliamentary private secretary to Home Secretary Michael Howard and in 1994 assistant government whip and then senior government whip. Dr. Fox was a minister at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1996 to 1997, before his appointment as Opposition Front Bench spokesman on constitutional affairs. He also served as shadow secretary of state for health, shadow foreign secretary, and shadow secretary of state for defence. He was secretary of state for defence from May 2010 to October 2011. Dr. Fox studied medicine at the University of Glasgow, worked as a civilian army medical officer and served in the voluntary sector as a divisional surgeon for St Johns before working as a general practitioner. 

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Tulsi Gabbard
Tulsi Gabbard

The Honorable Tulsi Gabbard attended the Forum in 2014 as a Representative of the state of Hawai’i. She was born in Leloaloa, American Samoa in 1981, the fourth of five children. At the age of two, Tulsi and her family settled in Hawai’i where as a teenager, she co-founded the Healthy Hawai’i Coalition, a non-profit teaching children to take care of themselves and the environment. An advocate for environmental policy, Tulsi ran for the Hawai’i State Legislature in 2002 and became the youngest person ever elected. A year later, Tulsi joined the Hawai’i National Guard to serve Hawaii’s citizens and our country. In 2004, Tulsi voluntarily deployed to Iraq with her fellow Soldiers of the 29th Brigade eventually serving two tours of combat duty in the Middle East. Tulsi was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal during Operation Iraqi Freedom, was the first female Distinguished Honor Graduate at Fort McClellan’s Officer Candidate School, and was the first woman to ever receive an award of appreciation from the Kuwaiti military on her second overseas tour. Tulsi continues to serve as a Captain in the Hawai’i National Guard’s 29th Brigade Combat Team. Representing Hawaii’s 2nd Congressional District, Tulsi is one of the first two female combat veterans and the first Hindu to ever serve as a member of the US Congress.

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Robert Gates
Robert Gates

The Honorable Robert Gates attended the Forum in 2009 while serving as the United States Secretary of Defense. Mr. Gates is a retired civil servant and university president who served as the 22nd United States Secretary of Defense from 2006 to 2011, and is now the 24th chancellor of The College of William and Mary. Previously, Gates served for 26 years in the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Council, and under President George H. W. Bush as Director of Central Intelligence. Immediately after being recruited by the CIA, he also served as an officer in the United States Air Force. After leaving the CIA, Gates became president of Texas A&M University and was a member of several corporate boards. Gates also served as a member of the Iraq Study Group, the bipartisan commission co-chaired by James A. Baker III and Lee H. Hamilton, that has studied the Iraq War.

 

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Amos Gilad
Amos Gilad

Major General (Ret.) Amos Gilad attended the Forum in 2010 and 2011 as Director of Policy and Political Military Affairs at the Israeli Ministry of Defense and in 2013 as the Head of the Political-Military and Policy Bureau. He has also served as chair of security relations with regional and strategic partners. Prior to his discharge from the Israeli Defense Forces in 2003, he worked as coordinator of government activities in the territories (2001-2003); head of the Military Intelligence Research Division and responsible for the overall national intelligence assessment (1996-2001); and IDF spokesperson (1994-1996). Mr. Gilad holds a master’s degree in political science and national security studies from Haifa University in conjunction with the National Security College. He received two awards from the American Defense Establishment “Legion of Merits” and the DIA Director’s Award.

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Scott Gilmore
Scott Gilmore

Mr. Scott Gilmore attended the Forum in 2011 as founder and executive director of Peace Dividend Trust (PDT), a social enterprise that builds markets and creates jobs in conflict-prone countries by championing local entrepreneurs and connecting them to new business opportunities and global markets. Mr. Gilmore has been named one of 25 “Transformational Canadians,” awarded the Skoll Prize for Social Entrepreneurship, and designated by The Globe & Mail as a “Leading Thinker” on aid in the 21st century. Recently, the World Economic Forum honored him as a Young Global Leader.

 

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John K. Glenn
John K. Glenn

Dr. John K. Glenn is Policy Director of the US Global Leadership Coalition, a coalition of senior business, military, and NGO leaders that advocates for strengthening global development and national security. He is also adjunct faculty at the Elliott School for Public Affairs at George Washington University, where he teaches the graduate seminar on transatlantic relations in the 21st century. He previously served as Director of Foreign Policy at the German Marshall Fund of the United States where he led Transatlantic Trends, an annual survey of foreign policy attitudes in the United States and Europe, and as Executive Director of the Council for European Studies. He has written numerous scholarly books, articles, and policy briefs on contentious politics, social movements, and democratization. He holds a Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology from Harvard University and a bachelor’s degree from Oberlin College. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Misha Glenny
Misha Glenny

Mr. Misha Glenny attended the Forum in 2010 and 2012. He is an investigative journalist, author and broadcaster, and is one of the world’s leading experts on cybercrime and on global mafia networks. He has also written McMafia, Dark Market, The Rebirth of History, The Rise and Fall of Yugoslavia and A History of the Balkans. He contributes regularly to The Guardian, Observer, The New York Times and New York Review of Books as well as specialist journals and books dealing with southeastern Europe. A regular broadcaster on radio and television, he has most recently advised several southern European countries on policy-making and legislation (sponsored by the Greek government) and is informally consulted on a regular basis by the British Foreign Office, the U.S. State Department and the British Army, as well as by U.S., European and southern European think-tanks.

 

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Joanisval Brito Gonçalves
Joanisval Brito Gonçalves

Dr. Joanisval Brito Gonçalves attended the Forum in 2011 and 2012 as a lawyer and a senior counselor on foreign affairs and defense in the Senate of Brazil and the only technical advisor on intelligence for the Brazilian Joint Committee on Intelligence Oversight. He holds a PhD in international relations from the University of Brasilia. Before serving in the legislative branch, he was an intelligence officer at the Brazilian Intelligence Agency. Dr. Brito Gonçalves is a lecturer on intelligence and security issues at the Brazilian War College, the Brazilian Army Military Intelligence School, the Navy’s Intelligence Center, the Air Force Intelligence Center and the Federal Police Directorate of Intelligence. In 2006, he was a visiting fellow at the Canadian Centre of Intelligence and Security Studies, at Carleton University in Ottawa.

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Sherri Goodman
Sherri Goodman

Ms. Sherri Goodman attended the Forum in 2009 as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of Center for Naval Analyses and Executive Director of CNA’s Military Advisory Board. Ms. Goodman is an internationally recognized authority on energy, climate change and national security, having led the projects by CNA’s Military Advisory Board on National Security and the Threat of Climate Change (2007) and Powering America’s Defense: Energy & the Risks to National Security (2009).

 

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Bill Gortney
Bill Gortney

As Commander of NORAD and US-NORTHCOM, Admiral Bill Gortney is responsible for homeland defense, defense support of civil authorities, and security cooperation in North America. Admiral Gortney is a career naval aviator with over 5,360 mishap-free flight hours and 1,265 carrier-arrested landings, primarily in the A-7E Corsair II and the FA-18 Hornet. He has completed seven command tours and five joint tours. A 1977 graduate of Elon College in North Carolina, he entered the Navy as an Aviation Officer Candidate and received his wings of gold in 1978. Over his career, he served in aviation squadrons aboard USS Nimitz, USS Theodore Roosevelt, USS Forrestal, USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, USS John F. Kennedy, and he commanded the USS Harry S. Truman carrier strike group. Admiral Gortney completed three tours of duty in the US Central Command area of operations, participating in combat operations including Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Southern Watch. As commander of the US 5th Fleet in Bahrain, he oversaw US naval operations throughout the Middle East. Admiral Gortney served as the Director of the Joint Staff, and most recently commanded US Fleet Forces Command, where he organized, manned, trained and equipped naval forces for assignment to combatant commanders around the world.

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Lindsey Graham
Lindsey Graham

Senator Lindsey Graham attended the Forum in 2010 as a U.S. senator from South Carolina . He was elected to the Senate in 2002 and reelected in 2008. In the Senate, he serves on the chamber’s most important committees: Appropriations; Armed Services; Budget; and Judiciary. Senator Graham was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1994. From 1984-1988, he was assigned overseas and served at Rhein-Main Air Force Base in Germany. Upon leaving active duty Air Force in 1989, Senator Graham joined the South Carolina Air National Guard where he served until 1995. He continues to serve his country in the U.S. Air Force Reserves and is one of only three U.S. senators currently serving in the Guard or Reserves. A native South Carolinian, Graham earned his undergraduate and law degrees from the University of South Carolina.

 

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Camille Grand
Camille Grand

Dr. Camille Grand has attended the Forum since 2009 as Director of the Foundation for Strategic Research, the leading French think tank on defense and security. Prior to this assignment, he was Deputy Director for disarmament and multilateral affairs in the directorate for strategic, security, and disarmament affairs of the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. Dr. Grand was previously the deputy diplomatic adviser to French Defense Minister Mrs. Alliot-Marie. He also served as an expert on nuclear policy and nonproliferation in the Strategic Affairs Department of the French Ministry of Defense. Dr. Grand has taught graduate courses in international and security affairs at Sciences Po Paris and at the École Nationale d’Administration. Dr. Grand primarily focuses on current strategic affairs, including European security, nuclear policy, nonproliferation, and disarmament.

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Frank Grass
Frank Grass

General Frank J. Grass attended the Forum in 2014 as the 27th Chief of the National Guard Bureau and as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In this capacity, he serves as a military advisor to the President, Secretary of Defense, and National Security Council and is the Department of Defense’s official channel of communication to the Governors and State Adjutants General on all matters pertaining to the National Guard. He is responsible for ensuring the more than 460,000 Army and Air National Guard personnel are accessible, capable and ready to protect the homeland and to provide combat resources to the Army and Air Force. Prior to his current assignment, General Grass served as Deputy Commander, United States Northern Command and Vice Commander, United States Element, North American Aerospace Defense Command (USELEMNORAD) at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. As Deputy Commander, United States Northern Command, General Grass helped lead the command to anticipate, prepare, and respond to threats and aggression aimed at the United States, its territories, and interests within the assigned area of responsibility and, as directed by the President or Secretary of Defense, provide Defense Support of Civil Authorities, including consequence management operations.

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Abdullah  Gül
Abdullah Gül

His Excellency Abdullah Gül attended the Forum in 2014, shortly after leaving his role as the 11th President of Turkey, where he served from 2007 to 2014. A founding member of the AK Party (Justice and Development Party), he served as Prime Minister from 2002 to 2003 and Foreign Minister from 2003 to 2007 at the AK Party governments. Before the AK Party, Mr. Gül was a member of the Virtue Party, where he led the Reformist Movement. He was both a member of and a MP from the Welfare Party, where he served in leading Parliamentary commissions, represented Turkey at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and held the positions of Spokesperson and Minister of State in the 1996 coalition government. Mr. Gül holds a Ph.D. from Istanbul University in Economics. Before his political career, he worked at the Islamic Development Bank in Jeddah from 1983 to 1991. He is married to Hayrünnisa Gül and is the father of three children.

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Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg
Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg

The Honorable Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg attended the Forum in 2009 German Minister of Defense, and in 2011 as a Distinguished Statesman for the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He has also served as Minister of Economics and Technology from February 2009 to October 2009. As Minister of Defense, Mr. zu Guttenberg led the most significant structural reform to the German Bundeswehr since 1955, particularly leading the effort of transforming the Bundeswehr from a conscription-based army to an all-professional military. He also served as a member of the Bundestag from 2002 to 2011 and as a leading member of the Bundestag’s Foreign Affairs Committee from 2002 to 2008. As Distinguished Statesman at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, he leads a new transatlantic dialogue initiative in Washington, D.C. Mr. zu Guttenberg has published numerous articles in national and international papers and magazines on foreign, economic and security policy.

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Stephen Hadley
Stephen Hadley

Mr. Stephen Hadley attended the Forum in 2009 and 2010 as a Senior Advisor of International Affairs for the United States Institute of Peace. On January 2014, Mr. Hadley Became Chairman of the Board of Directors for the United States Institute of Peace.  From 2005-2009, Hadley was the assistant to President Bush for National Security Affairs. In that capacity he was the principal White House foreign policy adviser, directed the National Security Council staff, and ran the interagency national security policy development and execution process. From January 20, 2001, to January 20, 2005, Mr. Hadley was the assistant to the president and deputy national security adviser, serving under then-National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice. From 1993 to 2001, he was both a partner in the Washington D.C. law firm of Shea & Gardner and a principal in the Scowcroft Group. From 1989 to 1993, Mr. Hadley served as the assistant secretary of defense for international security policy under then-Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney. Mr. Hadley graduated magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, in 1969. In 1972, he received his J.D. degree from Yale Law School in New Haven, Connecticut, where he was note and comment editor of the Yale Law Journal.

 

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Yalda Hakim
Yalda Hakim

Yalda Hakim is an award winning foreign correspondent and currently anchors the flagship program, Impact on BBC World News. She joined BBC World News in December 2012 as a presenter and correspondent and made her on-screen debut in March 2013 presenting a special three part series of Our World entitled, Iraq: Ten Years On. For the past twelve months Yalda has reported extensively from Iraq on the rise of ISIS, and from Nigeria on the country’s fight against Boko Haram. Her other investigations include the United States’ use of drones in Yemen, people-trafficking and torture of Ethiopian migrants in Yemen, and following the Bangladesh garment factory collapse, uncovered workers still being put at risk in unsafe premises. Yalda was born in Afghanistan and moved to Australia in the late 1980s. She began her career at SBS’s World News Australia and filmed her first story for Dateline in 2008 called ‘Yalda’s Kabul’. Before joining BBC, Yalda was the presenter of SBS Dateline in Austra- lia. Yalda was a finalist for the Australian Young Journalist of the Year Award and won the United Nations Media Peace Prize for Best Australian Television News coverage in 2009.

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Joseph Hall
Joseph Hall

Joseph Hall is the founding Vice President of the Halifax International Security Forum. Based overseas for 15 years, he returned to the US in 2011 to join the leadership of the Forum. Joe has more than 30 years experience in nonprofit management and fundraising and has served on the boards of directors of national advocacy organizations and philanthropic institutions in the US and abroad. Joe previously served as senior advisor for the Middle East and North Africa and senior director for Lebanon for the National Democratic Institute in Beirut. Since 1997, he has provided strategic advice to political parties and civic organizations throughout the Middle East, West Africa, and the former Soviet Union and has directed election observation and civic programs in the West Bank and Gaza, Azerbaijan, Sierra Leone, Jordan, Egypt, and Lebanon. Joe opened the first NDI office in Cairo in 2005 and led the NDI team during the Egyptian revolution of 2011.

 

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Cecil Haney
Cecil Haney

Admiral Cecil D. Haney attended the Forum in 2014 as Commander of United States Strategic Command. He is a native of Washington, DC is a 1978 graduate of the United States Naval Academy. His career as a submariner includes assignments aboard USS John C. Calhoun (SSBN 630), USS Frank Cable (AS 40), USS Hyman G. Rickover (SSN 709), USS Asheville (SSN 758), and Submarine Squadron 8, culminating in command of USS Honolulu (SSN 718). Subsequent fleet command assignments include Submarine Squadron 1 and Submarine Group 2. Admiral Haney’s shore duty tours include administrative assistant for enlisted affairs at Naval Reactors; congressional appropriations liaison officer for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Comptroller); Deputy Chief of Staff of Plans, Policies and Requirements, US Pacific Fleet (N5N8); Director, Submarine Warfare Division (N87); Director, Naval Warfare Integration Group (N00X); Deputy Commander, US Strategic Command and recently Commander, US Pacific Fleet. Admiral Haney holds master’s degrees in Engineering Acoustics and System Technology from the Naval Post Graduate School, and a master’s degree in National Security Strategy from the National Defense University. Admiral Haney’s decorations include the Navy Distinguished Service Medal (two awards), Defense Superior Service Medal (two awards), Legion of Merit (four awards), Navy Commendation Medal (three awards), Navy Achievement Medal (two awards), and various campaign and unit awards. In addition, he was the 1998 Vice Admiral James Bond Stockdale Leadership Award recipient.

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Jane Harman
Jane Harman

Jane Harman attended the Forum in 2013 and 2014 as the Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Woodrow Wilson Center. Harman resigned from Congress February 28, 2011 to join the Woodrow Wilson Center. Representing the aerospace center of California during nine terms in Congress, she served on all the major security committees: six years on Armed Services, eight years on Intelligence, and eight on Homeland Security.  During her long public career, Harman has been recognized as a national expert at the nexus of security and public policy issues.  She received the Defense Department Medal for Distinguished Service in 1998, the CIA Seal Medal in 2007, and the CIA Director’s Award and the Director of National Intelligence Distinguished Public Service Medal in 2011.  She is a member of the Defense Policy Board, State Department Foreign Policy Board, the Director of National Intelligence’s Senior Advisory Group, the Homeland Security Advisory Committee.   She was a member of the CIA External Advisory Board from 2011 to 2013.  Harman is a Trustee of the Aspen Institute and the University of Southern California.  A product of Los Angeles public schools, Harman is a magna cum laude graduate of Smith College, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and Harvard Law School. Prior to serving in Congress, she was a top aide in the United States Senate, Deputy Cabinet Secretary to President Jimmy Carter, Special Counsel to the Department of Defense, and in private law practice. She has four adult children and four grandchildren.

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Harry Harris
Harry Harris

Admiral Harry Harris was born in Japan and reared in Tennessee and Florida. Following graduation from the US Naval Academy in 1978, he was designated as a naval flight officer. Harris commanded VP-46, Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 1, Joint Task Force-Guantanamo, the US 6th Fleet, Striking and Support Forces NATO, US Pacific Fleet, and in May 2015, assumed command of the US Pacific Command. Harris has logged 4,400 flight hours, including more than 400 combat hours, in maritime patrol and reconnaissance aircraft. Harris’ graduate education includes Harvard’s Kennedy School, Georgetown’s School of Foreign Service, Oxford University, and MIT Seminar 21 Fellow.

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Michelle Howard
Michelle Howard

Admiral Michelle Howard attended the Forum in 2014 as the 38th Vice Chief of Naval Operations. On July 1, 2014, she made US Navy history as the first female promoted to the rank of four-star admiral and the first African-American woman to attain a four-star rank in the history of the Department of Defense. On March 12, 1999 she took command of USS Rushmore becoming the first African American woman to command a ship in the US Navy. She has made numerous shipboard deployments. She supported operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm in the Arabian Gulf, Operation Joint Endeavor in the Adriatic, and conducted operations and training with the naval services of seven African nations off the coast of Western Africa. As commander of Amphibious Squadron Seven, she conducted tsunami relief efforts in Indonesia and maritime security operations in the North Arabian Gulf. She also commanded Expeditionary Strike Group Two and Task Force 151, a multi-national counter-piracy effort in the US Central Command theater.

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Gerald Howarth
Gerald Howarth

The Honorable Gerald Howarth attended the Forum in 2011 as Minister for International Security Strategy for the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence. From 1971-1983, he worked in international banking with his last appointment as manager of syndicated lending at Standard Chartered Bank. From 1983-1992, he served as Conservative member of Parliament for Cannock & Burntwood during which time he was PPS to Michael Spicer at the Department of Energy and from 1991-1992 PPS to Margaret Thatcher. In 1997 he was elected member of Parliament for Aldershot and served on the Home Affairs Select Committee and the Defence Select Committee. From 2002-2010, he served as a shadow defence minister with responsibility for defence procurement and the Royal Air Force. He holds a B.A. in English from the University of Southampton, where he also served with the university air squadron.

 

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Swanee Hunt
Swanee Hunt

The Honorable Swanee Hunt attended the Forum in 2011 as the Chair of the Washington-based Institute for Inclusive Security. During her tenure as U.S. Ambassador to Austria (1993–97), she hosted negotiations and symposia focused on securing the peace in the neighboring Balkan states. Ambassador Hunt is a member of the U.S. Council on Foreign Relations, the Eleanor Roosevelt Lecturer in Public Policy at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, and the president of Hunt Alternatives Fund. Ambassador Hunt has appeared on CNN, MSNBC, and NPR, and written for publications including Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, the International Herald Tribune, the Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times, the Boston Globe, and the Huffington Post. She is the author of Half-Life of a Zealot and This Was Not Our War: Bosnian Women Reclaiming the Peace.

 

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Heather Hurlburt
Heather Hurlburt

Ms. Heather Hurlburt directs the New Models of Policy Change project at New America in Washington. Previously, she was the Executive Director of the National Security Network. From 1995-2001, she served in the Clinton Administration as special assistant and speechwriter to the President, speechwriter for Secretaries of State Albright and Christopher, and member of the State Department’s Policy Planning staff. Ms. Hurlburt has also worked for Human Rights First, the International Crisis Group, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the Congressional Helsinki Commission. She is a frequent media commentator and co-hosts the monthly #Drezburt security program for bloggingheads.tv. Ms. Hurlburt holds a B.A. from Brown University and an M.A. from the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Toomas Hendrik Ilves

His Excellency Toomas Hendrik Ilves attended the Forum in 2014 as the President of the Republic of Estonia. He was born to an Estonian family living in Stockholm, Sweden in 1953. He graduated from Columbia University and went on to receive his M.A. in Psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. From 1993 to 1996, Mr. Ilves served as the Ambassador of the Republic of Estonia to the United States and Canada. Upon returning to Europe, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the North Atlantic Institute, and he went on to be elected a Member of the Estonian Parliament and a Member of the European Parliament, where he was vice-president of the Foreign Affairs Committee. In 2006, Mr. Ilves was elected President of the Republic of Estonia and re-elected for a second term in 2011. During his time in office, President Ilves has served as Chairman of the EU Task Force on eHealth and Chairman of the European Cloud Partnership Steering Board. With a long-standing interest in programming, he has promoted Estonia’s IT-development since the country restored its independence. President Ilves has spoken and written extensively at integration, transatlantic relations, e-government, cyber security, and other related topics. He is married and has a son and two daughters.

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Masafumi Ishii
Masafumi Ishii

The Honourable Masafumi Ishii attended the Forum in 2010 as the Director General of the Foreign Policy Bureau in the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and in 2011 as the Ambassador for Policy Planning and International Security Policy and Deputy Director-General in the Foreign Policy Bureau of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A career member of the Ministry, he joined the Foreign Service in 1980 and has since served in a number of positions, including director of the Planning Division, director of the Second Southeast Asian Division, and private secretary to the Minister for Foreign Affairs. Mr. Ishii was posted in Japan’s embassies in Washington and London, serving as both minister and head of the political section. He holds a degree in law from the University of Tokyo.

 

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Darrell Issa
Darrell Issa

The Honorable Darrell Issa attended the Forum in 2009 as a US Representative from California. He was elected to the United States Congress in 2001. His district includes Camp Pendleton, the largest Marine Corps training facility in the United States. Upon college graduation, Congressman Issa was commissioned as an Army officer, and ultimately obtained the rank of captain. He completed his active-duty military service in 1980. He currently is a member of the House Judiciary Committee and the Oversight and Government Reform Committee, where he serves as the Chairman. Previously, Congressman Issa served on the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Foreign Affairs Committee, the Energy and Commerce Committee, and the Small Business Committee.

 

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Oscar Izurieta
Oscar Izurieta

The Honourable Oscar Izurieta attended the Forum in 2011 and 2013 as the Undersecretary of Defense of Chile, to which he was elected in 2010. An infantry officer, Mr. Izurieta completed 41 years of service in the Army, serving as its commander in chief during 2006 and 2010. After serving as director of the Military Academy between 1995 and 1997, he served as military attaché in Great Britain in 1998 and as chief of the Chilean Army Mission in the United States in 1999. Mr. Izurieta holds a master’s degree in military science from the Catholic University of Chile. He has written numerous articles related to strategy and international relations and is co-author of the book, The Peruvian-Chilean Contemporary Bilateral Relations: A Realistic Approach.

 

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Bruce Jackson
Bruce Jackson

Mr. Bruce Jackson has attended the Forum from 2009 through 2014, most recently as the Founder and President of the Project on Transitional Democracies, a multi-year endeavor aimed at accelerating the pace of reform in post-1989 democracies and advancing the date for the integration of these democracies into the institutions of the Euro-Atlantic. From 1979 to 1990, Mr. Jackson served in the United States Army as a military intelligence officer. He also worked in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and served as Vice President for Strategy and Planning at Lockheed Martin Corporation. Mr. Jackson also served as President of the US Committee on NATO. He has been recognized for his work on democratic change and European integration by numerous governments and has written extensively on the engagement of Russia and Eastern European democracies by the EU and the US.

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Charles Jacoby
Charles Jacoby

General Charles H. Jacoby, Jr. (Ret.) attended the Forum in 2011, 2013, and 2014 as Commander of North American Aerospace Defense Command and United States Northern Command, which is headquartered at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. A 1978 West Point graduate, he holds an M.A. in History from the University of Michigan. He has commanded at the platoon, company, battalion, joint task force, corps, and US Army Alaska levels, as well as being the Commanding General, Multi-National Corps–Iraq, and Deputy Commanding General, Combined Joint Task Force-76, and Operation ENDURING FREEDOM, Afghanistan. Prior to his post as Commander of NORAD and NORTHCOM, General Jacoby was Director, Strategic Plans and Policy (J5), The Joint Staff, Pentagon.

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Ljubica Jelušič
Ljubica Jelušič

The Honourable Ljubica Jelušič attended the Forum in 2011 as the first female Minister of Defense of Slovenia, a position she has held since 2008. She has taught at the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana in the area of defense studies, peace studies, civil-military relations, anthropology of war and peacekeeping operations. In cooperation with the Slovenian Armed Forces, she participated in senior and general staff military education and training at the Command and Staff School. Previously, she was vice dean for research at the Faculty of Social Sciences and chair of the Defense Studies Department. She also received the rank of lieutenant within the Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia. Dr. Jelušič graduated with honours in international relations and defense studies at the then Faculty of Sociology, Political Science and Journalism at the University of Ljubljana and earned an M.S. and a Ph.D. in defense studies with a thesis on the legitimacy of the military.

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Peter Jennings
Peter Jennings

Mr. Peter Jennings attended the Forum in 2011 as the Deputy Secretary for Strategy in the Australian Department of Defence, and in 2012 as the Executive Director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. Mr. Jennings’s career has included extensive experience advising government at senior levels; developing major strategic policy documents; conducting crisis management; and researching, writing and teaching international security. He was the director of programs at a leading think-tank, the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, and has taught postgraduate studies on terrorism at the Australian Defence Force Academy. Mr. Jennings has also served as a senior advisor in the Office of the Prime Minister; as chief of staff to the minister for defence; and as defence advisor to the Federal Opposition. Mr. Jennings received an M.S. from the London Business School as a Sloan Fellow. He also holds an M.A. in international relations from Australian National University and a B.A. in history from the University of Tasmania.

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Hina Jilani
Hina Jilani

Ms. Hina Jilani attended the Forum in 2009 as a Human Rights Lawyer at SGHS Associates Legal Aid Cell and Advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Ms. Jilani was the special representative of the Secretary General on human rights defenders from 2000 until April 2008. Ms. Jilani was appointed advocate of the High Court of Pakistan in 1981, seven years after completing her law studies. In 1992 she was appointed advocate of the Supreme Court. She established Pakistan’s first all-women’s law firm in 1981, and cases she has conducted have on numerous occasions become landmarks for setting standards for human rights in Pakistan. Special areas of concern in her work have been the rights of women, minorities, children and prisoners, including political prisoners. Ms. Jilani has participated in formal and informal expert group meetings of the UN human rights bodies, and has represented UN agencies like UNICEF and UNIFEM at regional and international meetings and conferences as an expert in specific fields of human rights.

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Tim Kaine
Tim Kaine

The Honorable Tim Kaine serves as US Senator from the Commonwealth of Virginia. Kaine, a member of the Armed Services Committee and Chairman of the Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs, and has actively shaped US national security policy since joining the Senate. Kaine has also emerged as a leader on the issue of war powers, launching a bipartisan effort with Senator John McCain to reform the 1973 War Powers Resolution that clearly defines Congress’s role in decisions of war. Kaine began his public service career by taking a year off from law school to work with Jesuit missionaries in Honduras. Kaine entered political life in 1994, serving as a Councilman and then Mayor of Richmond, Virginia until 2001. Kaine was elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 2001 and Virginia’s 70th Governor in 2005. Kaine has helped lead the US Congressional Delegation at both the 2013 and 2014 Halifax International Security Forum.

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Mikhail Kasyanov
Mikhail Kasyanov

Mikhail Kasyanov, Prime Minister of Russia in 2000-2004, is one of Russia’s democratic opposition leaders, Political Leader of the People’s Freedom Party (PARNAS). The party has been initiating massive protests against lawlessness, corruption and Putin’s aggression in Ukraine. As Prime Minister, Kasyanov’s cabinet launched comprehensive structural reforms and implemented systemic transformation measures. During that period the economy and people’s income grew by one third while oil prices were at the level of $20-25 per barrel. Kasyanov was a candidate for president in 2008, but was denied participation on political grounds. In 2006 and 2007 Kasyanov initiated and led Marches of Dissenters, the first large protests against anti-democratic drift in Russia. Prior to serving as Prime Minister, Kasyanov served as Finance Minister, Deputy Finance Minister. His time as Finance Minister saw Russia’s first non-deficit budget.

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John Kelly
John Kelly

General John Kelly attended the Forum in 2014 as the Commander of United States Southern Command. General Kelly was born and raised in Boston, MA. He enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1970 and was discharged as a sergeant in 1972. Following graduation from the University of Massachusetts in 1976, he was commissioned and served in command positions from platoon through Marine Expeditionary Force. He also served as the Commandant’s Liaison Officer to the US House of Representatives, Special Assistant to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, and the Legislative Assistant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps. As Commanding General of First Marine Expeditionary Force (FWD), he led Multinational Force-West in Al Anbar and western Nineveh provinces of Iraq. General Kelly most recently served as the Senior Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Secretaries Robert Gates and Leon Panetta, before taking command of United States Southern Command in November 2012.

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Adam Kinzinger
Adam Kinzinger

Adam Kinzinger attended the Forum in 2013 and 2014 as a Member of the United States House of Representatives, to which he was elected in January 2011. He serves as the Representative for the Sixteenth Congressional District of Illinois and was appointed to the Energy and Commerce Committee as well as the Foreign Affairs Committee. Kinzinger also serves as a Deputy Republican Whip. At the age of 34, Kinzinger is one of the youngest Members of Congress and was named on of Time Magazine’s 40 under 40 “Rising stars in American Politics.” Kinzinger became active in his community early on. As a 20-year old sophomore at Illinois State University (ISU), he challenged a three-term incumbent for the McLean Country Board. Kinzinger advocated for restoring local government back into the hands of the people and won a seat on the board, becoming one of the youngest board members in McLean County history. After serving on the McLean County Board for five years, Kinzinger joined the United States Air Force. He currently holds the rank of Major. 

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Kathleen Koch
Kathleen Koch

Ms. Kathleen Koch has attended the Forum since 2011 as a Washington-based author, speaker, moderator, freelance journalist, and founder and executive director of LeadersLink, the first non-profit to harness and share elected officials’ disaster lessons learned to help communities better prevent, prepare for, and recover from similar crises. Koch developed her expertise while covering numerous disasters for CNN including Hurricane Katrina. She anchored two prize-winning documentaries on the recovery of her hometown, Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, and recorded its journey in a best-selling book, Rising from Katrina, which was named Best Non-fiction in the Southeast Region in the 2011 Independent Publisher Book Awards. For 18 years, Koch was a CNN Washington correspondent specializing in aviation reporting and covering the Pentagon, White House, and Capitol Hill where she received multiple awards including the Peabody. Koch currently writes op-eds for publications including CNN.com, USA Today, and U.S. News & World Report.

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David J. Kramer
David J. Kramer

Mr. David J. Kramer has attended the Forum since 2009, most recently as Senior Director for Human Rights and Democracy at The McCain Institute for International Leadership, part of Arizona State University. Mr. Kramer served as the President of Freedom House from 2010 to 2014. Prior to joining Freedom House, Mr. Kramer was a Senior Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States. Before joining GMF, Mr. Kramer served as Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor from 2008 to 2009. He also was a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, responsible for Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus affairs as well as regional non-proliferation issues. Previously, he served as a Professional Staff Member in the Secretary of State’s Office of Policy Planning. Mr. Kramer has also served as an Adjunct Professor at the Elliott School for International Affairs at The George Washington University. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Halifax International Security Forum.

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Thomas Lawson
Thomas Lawson

General Thomas J. Lawson attended the Forum in 2012, 2013, and 2014 as the Canadian Forces’ Chief of the Defence Staff, to which he was appointed in October 2012. Previously, he was posted to Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado, where he assumed responsibility as the deputy commander North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). In 2009, he was appointed Assistant Chief of the Air Staff. In May 2007, he was appointed Commandant of the Royal Military College in Kingston. In 2006, he completed a year as a Wing Commander before being promoted to Brigadier-General. General Lawson joined the CF Transformation Team in 2005 where he led the stand-up of the Strategic Joint Staff organization. He has held numerous other positions within the Royal Canadian Air Force. General Lawson has a M.A. in Public Administration from Auburn University and an electrical engineering degree from the Royal Military College of Canada.

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Paul J. LeBlanc
Paul J. LeBlanc

Mr. Paul J. LeBlanc attended the Forum in 2011, 2012, and 2013 as the President of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA), a position he assumed on November 15, 2010. Mr. LeBlanc joined ACOA in 1987 to support the newly created Agency as Director General of Human Resources. Over the years, he has held numerous positions with the Agency, including Director General, Development (entrepreneurship, tourism, and trade); Corporate Secretary; Vice-President, Prince Edward Island; Vice-President, Finance and Corporate Services; and Senior Vice-President, Policy and Programs. Mr. LeBlanc left ACOA in September 2004 to join the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, where he held the position of Senior Assistant Deputy Minister of Socio-Economic Policy and Regional Operations. He rejoined ACOA in September 2006 as Executive Vice President. Mr. LeBlanc was educated at Université de Moncton, where he completed bachelor’s degrees in psychology and social work and a MBA. 

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Tzipi Livni
Tzipi Livni

Tzipi Livni has held a variety of ministerial positions in the Israeli government. These include Minister of Foreign Affairs, Acting Prime Minister, Minister of Justice, and Head of the Israeli team in the peace process negotiations with the Palestinians in 2008 and 2013. Livni served as member of the National Security Cabinet and the Senior Security Cabinet during the Second Lebanon War, Operation Cast Lead and Operation Protective Edge. Livni served as a lieutenant in the Israel Defense Forces and later in the Mossad. She holds a law degree and has practiced law for over a decade. She also served as Director General of the Government Companies Authority. Livni is currently the head of the Hatnua Party and co-leader of the Zionist Union, which heads the opposition. She is a member of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee and head of the Subcommittee for International Legal Warfare. She engages in issues of asymmetrical warfare and Israel’s national security.

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Jawed Ludin
Jawed Ludin

The Honourable Jawed Ludin attended the forum in 2010 as the Ambassador to Canada for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Mr. Ludin attend the forum again in 2013  as Deputy Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, a position he assumed in 2012. He was appointed in 2009, by President Hamid Karzai to be Ambassador to Canada and served until late 2011. He previously was the spokesperson and later the chief of staff to President Karzai.

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Mohammed Abu Luhoum
Mohammed Abu Luhoum

Sheikh Mohammed Abu Luhoum attended the Forum in 2011 as the Head of the Department of Economic Relations of the Yemeni General People’s Congress. Mr. Abu Luhoum helped establish the Justice and Building Party in Yemen in 2011. He resigned from the General People’s Congress (GPC), Yemen’s ruling party, on March 18, 2011 and joined the Youth Revolution. Mr. Abu Luhoum served as head of the Foreign Relations Department at the GPC from 2004 until 2007. Between 1990 and 1993, he served as a member of Parliament in Yemen’s first parliament after the unification and founded the Republican Party of Yemen in 1991. Over the years, Mr. Abu Luhoum has served as chairman of various committees, focusing on the economy and development, and was director for bilateral relations at the Ministry of Development. He holds a B.A. and M.A. from George Washington University.

 

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Peter MacKay
Peter MacKay

Peter MacKay has attended the Forum since 2009, as the Minister of National Defence from 2009-2012 and as the Minister of Justice and Attorney General in 2013 and 2014. He was born in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. After graduating from Acadia University, he studied law at Dalhousie University and was called to the Nova Scotia Bar in June 1991. Mr. MacKay opened a private law practice in New Glasgow, specializing in criminal and family law. In 1993, he accepted an appointment as Crown Attorney for the Central Region of Nova Scotia. Peter MacKay was first elected to Parliament in 1997. In his first five years, he served as House Leader for the Progressive Conservative (PC) caucus. On May 31, 2003, he became Leader of the PC Party of Canada. In 2004, he was named Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. In July 2013, Mr. MacKay was appointed Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. Previously, he was Minister of National Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. Mr. MacKay has been a philanthropist and advocate for numerous charitable organizations, including Big Brothers Big Sisters Canada and Right to Play. He is married to international human rights activist and founder of Stop Child Executions, Mrs. Nazanin Afshin-Jam-Mackay. They have a beautiful baby boy, Kian Alexander.

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John P. Manley
John P. Manley

The Honourable John P. Manley, P.C., O.C. attended the Forum in 2010 and 2012 while President of the Canadian Council of Chief Executives, a position he was appointed in January 2010. From 1995-2003, Mr. Manley has served as Minister of Finance, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of Industry. Mr. Manley has been special advisor of ComnetiX, Inc. and a senior counselor at the law firm of McCarthy Tétrault LLP. He also serves as the chairman and director of Optosecurity Inc., and as vice chairman of DG Acquisition Corp. Mr. Manley has been an independent director of Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce since 2005. He serves as a member of the Technical Advisory Board at Data Evolution Corp. For the role he played following the September 11, 2001 attacks, he was named TIME Canada magazine’s “Newsmaker of the Year.” In 2007, Mr. Manley was named chair of the Independent Panel on Canada’s Future Role in Afghanistan by the Prime Minister.

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Wayne Mapp
Wayne Mapp

The Honourable Wayne Mapp attended the forum in 2009 while serving as Minister of Defence for New Zealand. Mr. Mapp was the Minister of Defence of New Zealand from 2008-2011. During this time, he introduced a defence review in 2010, the first such document since 1997, which established a framework for successive reviews every five years. Mapp entered Parliament in 1996 and has continued to represent North Shore following subsequent elections. He was a commissioned officer in the New Zealand Territorial Army where he specialised in military intelligence, infantry and signals. His career has involved both private legal practice (commercial law and litigation) and as Associate Professor of Commercial Law (international trade law, taxation and constitutional issues) at Auckland University, 1994-1996. He was educated at Reporoa College, Auckland University (LL.B Hons), University of Toronto (LL.M) and the University of Cambridge (Ph.D. in international law).

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Bill McCaffrey
Bill McCaffrey

Bill McCaffrey is the Founder, President, and CEO of MEG Energy Corp, which was formed in 1999. Under his leadership, in just 10 years MEG grew to become one of the largest private oil and gas companies in Canada, focused on bitumen development and production. Independent reservoir engineers estimate that MEG has 2.96 billion barrels of proved and probable reserves and 3.7 billion barrels of contingent resources. If the categories were combined, this would be roughly equivalent to 24% of total US proven oil reserves. The company went public with an IPO in August 2010, is currently producing over 70,000 barrels per day, and is working on plans to grow bitumen production capacity to over 100,000 barrels per day in 2017. Corporate assets include ownership of major pipeline and tank terminal infrastructure linking its bitumen leases to key energy hubs in Edmonton, Alberta and beyond. To fund its growth, MEG has raised more than $8.0 billion in equity and debt in the last ten years. In 2006 MEG received the E&P sector’s “Deal of the Year” for the company’s innovative institutional Term Loan B debt transaction. In 2010, Oilsands Review Magazine awarded MEG the Producer of the Year award, and MEG’s public offering was awarded IPO of the year.

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Cindy McCain
Cindy McCain

Cindy Hensley McCain has dedicated her life to improving the lives of those less fortunate both in the United States and around the world. As Chairman of the Board of Trustees for the HALO Trust USA, a non-profit organization dedicated to landmine removal and weapons destruction in war-torn countries. Cindy serves as co-chair of the Arizona Governor’s Council on human trafficking and on the McCain Institute’s Human Trafficking Advisory Council. She is dedicated to efforts to reduce human trafficking in Arizona, throughout the United States and around the world, as well as working to improve the lives of victims of human trafficking. Cindy also served on the Board of Directors for Operation Smile, a non-profit organization whose mission is to repair cleft lips, cleft palates, and other facial deformities for children around the world. She was a founding Member of the Eastern Congo Initiative. Cindy holds an undergraduate degree in education and a master’s in special education from USC and is a member of the USC Rossier School of Education Board of Councilors. Cindy is the Chairman of her family’s business, Hensley Beverage Company, which is one of the largest Anheuser-Busch distributors in the nation. Cindy resides in Phoenix with her husband, US Senator John McCain. Together, they have four children.

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John McCain
John McCain

The Honorable John McCain has attended the Forum since 2009 as a Republican Senator of the state of Arizona. He was first elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986. Senator McCain attended college at the United States Naval Academy and launched a 22-year career as a naval aviator upon his graduation. Senator McCain’s last Navy duty assignment was to serve as the naval liaison to the United States Senate. He retired from the Navy in 1981. His naval honors include the Silver Star, Bronze Star, Legion of Merit, Purple Heart, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. In 1982, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona, serving until his election to the U.S. Senate. Senator McCain is currently the ranking member on the Senate Armed Services Committee. He also serves on the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions; Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; and the Committee on Indian Affairs.

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Beverley McLachlin
Beverley McLachlin

Chief Justice McLachlin attended the Forum in 2009 as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. She was sworn in on January 7, 2000 as Canada’s first female Supreme Court Chief Justice. Chief Justice McLachlin was first called to the Alberta Bar in 1969 and to the British Columbia Bar in 1971 and practised law in Alberta and British Columbia. Commencing in 1974, she taught for seven years in the Faculty of Law at the University of British Columbia as a tenured Associate Professor. In addition to her judicial duties at the Supreme Court, the Chief Justice chairs the Canadian Judicial Council, the Advisory Council of the Order of Canada and the Board of Governors of the National Judicial Institute. She is the first woman in Canada to hold this position.

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Murat Mercan
Murat Mercan

Mr. Hasan Murat Mercan recieved his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Industrial Engineering from Bogazici University, Turkey. He completed his Ph.D. in the Department of Decision and Information Sciences at the University of Florida. Mercan worked as a Professor in the Department of Management at Cleveland State University and at Bilkent University. Dr. Mercan is a founding member of AK Party (Justice and Development Party). He was a member of the Central Decision Making and Administrative Board (2001-2009). Mercan has served as a parliamentarian, held the positions of Chairman of the Turkish Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), and the Vice-President of the Assembly. He also served as a Chairman of the Committee for Foreign Affairs in the parliament. He has worked as the Deputy Minister of Energy upon completion of his parliamentary work (2011-2014). In 2014, he was selected as the Chairman of World Energy Council, Turkey.

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Jeanne Meserve
Jeanne Meserve

Ms. Jeanne Meserve attended the Forum in 2011 and 2012 as a Homeland Security Correspondent for CNN, and in 2013 and 2014 as a Senior Fellow at the Homeland Security Policy Institute at George Washington University  She has been an anchor and correspondent for CNN and ABC News, winning two Emmy Awards, a Peabody Award, and an Edward R. Murrow Award. As Director of Training for The Communication Center she now travels the world providing executive coaching to clients from top corporations, government, educational institutions, and non-profit organizations. Meserve also moderates interviews and policy debates for the World Health Organization, the Aspen Institute, and other academic and policy groups. She continues to do voiceover and on camera work, and is a member of the Aspen Institute Homeland Security Advisory Committee. A graduate of Middlebury College, Meserve is a recipient of the college’s Alumni Achievement Award. Find her on Twitter: @JeanneMeserve.

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Barbara Ann Mikulski
Barbara Ann Mikulski

Senator Barbara Mikulski attended the Forum in 2010 and 2012 as a United States Senator. She is the longest-serving female senator in American history, having served since 1987. She was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1976, and in 1986 she became the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate from Maryland. Senator Mikulski is a member of the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee and also serves as chairwoman of the Health Subcommittee on Primary Health and Aging and Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies.

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Song Min-soon
Song Min-soon

The Honorable Song Min-soon attended the Forum in 2010 and 2011 as a member of the National Assembly of South Korea. He previously served as minister of foreign affairs and trade in the administration of President Roh Moo-Hyun from 2006 to 2008 and prior to that as his national security advisor. Mr. Song was chief negotiator in the Six Party Talks when the September 19 Joint Statement was adopted in 2005. A career diplomat, Mr. Song participated in numerous negotiations, including the Korean Peace Talks in Geneva and the 1st Inter-Korean Defense Ministers’ Talks, and he negotiated the Status of Forces Agreement between the United States and Korea. Song was elected to the National Assembly in June 2008 and currently serves on the Foreign Affairs, Trade & Unification Committee. He has a B.A. in German literature from Seoul National University.

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Saad Mohseni
Saad Mohseni

Saad Mohseni has attended the Forum in 2010, 2012, and 2014 as Chairman and Chief Executive of MOBY Group. Established in 2002 by Saad and his siblings, MOBY Group is a leading media and entertainment company with a focus on emerging markets in South and Central Asia, the Middle East, and beyond. Prior to establishing MOBY Group, Saad headed the equities and corporate finance division at one of Australia’s leading investment banks.   He was born in England where his father was serving as an Afghan diplomat, and spent his early years in Kabul, Islamabad, and Tokyo before immigrating to Melbourne, Australia. Saad served as an Economic Advisor to the Afghan government from 2002 to 2004, where he assisted in the development of the Afghan Investment Support Agency, Industrial Parks Commission, and the High Commission for Investment. In 2011, Time Magazine recognized him as one of the 100 Most Influential People in the world, citing his impact as a shaper of public opinion in Afghanistan through open criticism of the government and challenging of social conventions ingrained by years of Taliban rule. In 2013, Foreign Policy magazine recognized him as one of their 100 Global Thinkers.

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Alaa Murabit
Alaa Murabit

At age 15, Alaa Murabit completed high school in Canada and moved to Libya where she enrolled in medical school and, driven by her desire to create inclusive processes and institutions, founded the Voice of Libyan Women (VLW) in 2011 at the age of 21. With a strong focus on combatting extremism and challenging societal and cultural norms, Murabit champions women’s participation in peace processes and conflict mediation. Her programs, such as the groundbreaking “Noor Campaign” are replicated internationally. The first Ashoka Fellow elected from Libya, Murabit was awarded the Marisa Bellisario International Humanitarian Award, and has been recognized as “One of 25 women under 25 to watch” by Newsweek and as a “100 Top Woman” by the BBC. She is an advisor to the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 Global Study, UN Women, and Harvard University’s “Everywoman, Everywhere”. Murabit’s TED Talk “What my religions really says about women” has been viewed over a million times since its release in July 2015 and was selected as the TED Talk of the Day and “A moving TED Talk you should watch right now” by The New York Times.

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Chris Murphy
Chris Murphy

Senator Christopher S. Murphy is the junior United States Senator for Connecticut. Elected in 2012, Murphy serves on the Appropriations Committee, the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee, the Foreign Relations Committee, and the Democratic Steering & Outreach Committee. Prior to his election to the US Senate, Murphy served Connecticut’s Fifth Congressional District for three terms in the US House of Representatives. The Fifth District includes the towns of Danbury, Meriden, New Britain, Torrington, and Waterbury. During his three terms, Murphy served on the Foreign Affairs Committee, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, the Energy and Commerce Committee, and the Committee on Financial Services. Before his service in the US Congress, Murphy served for eight years in the Connecticut General Assembly. He spent four years representing Southington and the 81st district in the House, and then spent four years representing the 16th Senatorial District. Senator Murphy grew up in Wethersfield, Connecticut, and attended Williams College in Massachusetts. In 2002, he graduated from UConn Law School in Hartford, Connecticut. He practiced real estate and banking law from 2002-2006 with the firm of Ruben, Johnson & Morgan in Hartford. On August 18, 2007, Murphy married Cathy Holahan, an attorney. They have two sons named Owen and Rider.

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Alireza Nader
Alireza Nader

Mr. Alireza Nader attended the Forum in 2011 as a Senior International Policy Analyst at the RAND Corporation and the lead co-author of Coping with a Nuclearizing Iran (2011). His research has focused on Iran’s political dynamics, elite decision-making, and Iranian foreign policy. His commentaries and articles have appeared in a variety of publications and he is widely cited by the U.S. and international media. Prior to joining RAND, Mr. Nader served as a research analyst at the Center for Naval Analyses. He is a native speaker of Farsi. Mr. Nader received his M.A. in international affairs from the George Washington University.

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Janet Napolitano
Janet Napolitano

The Honorable Janet Napolitano attended the Forum in 2010 while serving as the third United States Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security. Ms. Napolitano served as secretary of Homeland Security from January 2009 to September 2013. She has been the president of the University of California since September 2013. Ms. Napolitano was born in New York City and grew up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Albuquerque, New Mexico. She graduated from Santa Clara University, where she won a Truman Scholarship and was the university’s first female valedictorian, and received her Juris Doctor from the University of Virginia School of Law. Before entering public office, Ms. Napolitano served as a clerk for Judge Mary M. Schroeder on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and practiced law in Phoenix at the firm of Lewis and Roca.

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Walter Natynczyk
Walter Natynczyk

General (Ret) Walt Natynczyk attended the Forum from 2009 to 2011 as the Chief of Defence Staff in Canada, in 2012 as Former Chief of Defence Staff, and in 2013 as the President of the Canadian Space Agency. General Natynczyk joined the Canadian Forces in 1975 after spending 5 years as an Air Cadet. He has served in numerous regimental command positions at all levels from tank troop leader up to commanding officer of the Royal Canadian Dragoons. General Natynczyk served as Canada’s Chief of Defence Staff from 2 July 2008 to 29 October 2012. His decorations include the Commander of the Order of Military Merit (Canada), the Meritorious Service Cross (Canada), the Commander Legion of Merit (US), Commander Légion d’Honneur (France), Commander’s Cross of the Order of Merit (Poland) and the Medal of Merit in Gold (Netherlands). After he retired from the Canadian Armed Forces, General Natynczyk assumed the responsibilities of the President of the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) as of 6 August 2013.

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Pauline Neville-Jones
Pauline Neville-Jones

Baroness Pauline Neville-Jones has attended the Forum in 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, and 2014, most recently as the Prime Minister’s Special Representative to Business on Cybersecurity. Pauline is a member of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and Chairman of the Advisory Panel to the Bank of England on Cyber Security. From 2010 to 2011 she was Minister of State in the Home Office responsible for Security and Counter terrorism and a member of the National Security Council. On stepping down from government she became the Prime Minister’s Special Representative to Business on Cyber Security until March 2014. Pauline has a background in government and the private sector. She was a career member of the Diplomatic Service from 1963 to 1996 during which time she was Head of the Foreign Affairs and Defence Secretariat in the Cabinet Office, Chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee, Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet. Among other places, she served in Washington, DC, the European Commission (as Chef de Cabinet to a British Commissioner), and Germany. As Political Director in the FCO, she led the UK delegation to the Dayton Peace negotiations on Bosnia. She became Managing Director for business development at NatWest Markets, the investment banking arm of the NatWest Group in 1996 and non executive Chairman of the defence technology group, QinetiQ, from 2004 to 2007. She was a Governor of the BBC from 1997 to 2004. She became David Cameron’s National Security Adviser in opposition from 2007-2010, and was responsible for the creation of the National Security Council.

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Rob Nicholson
Rob Nicholson

Minister Rob Nicholson attended the Forum in 2013 and 2014 as Minister of National Defence of Canada. He serves as the Member of Parliament for Niagara Falls and, as of 2015, as Minister of Foreign Affairs. He was first elected in 1984 and re-elected in 1988, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2011. In July 2013, Mr. Nicholson was named Minister of National Defence. Previously, he was appointed Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister for Democratic Reform and Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. During his first term in Parliament, Mr. Nicholson served as Minister for Science and Minister responsible for Small Business, as well as Parliamentary Secretary to the Leader of the Government and Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. Mr. Nicholson holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Queen’s University and a law degree from the University of Windsor. A lifelong resident of Niagara Falls, he practiced law and was involved in municipal politics. Mr. Nicholson is married to Arlene and is the father of three children.

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Natalie Nougayrede
Natalie Nougayrede

Natalie Nougayrède attended the Forum in 2009 and 2010 as a Diplomatic Correspondent for Le Monde. She is a member of The Guardian‘s Editorial board, a columnist and Foreign Affairs commentator. She was previously Executive Editor of Le Monde. A former foreign correspondent (Moscow) and diplomatic correspondent for Le Monde, she has covered international security issues and the post-Soviet transitions since the 1990s.

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Jean-Paul Paloméros
Jean-Paul Paloméros

General Jean-Paul Paloméros has attended the Forum in 2012, 2013, and 2014 as Supreme Allied Commander Transformation at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. He was confirmed as Supreme Allied Commander Transformation in 2012. From 2009 to 2012, General Paloméros served as Air Force Chief of Staff. In 2005, he was appointed Vice-Chief of Staff of the French Air Force, where he implemented a new organization named “Air 2010.” Throughout his career he acquired extensive experience both as an operational commander and as a fighter pilot, having flown 82 combat missions and more than 3,500 flying hours. General Paloméros graduated from the Royal Air Force Staff College in 1993 where he was awarded the Curtis Prize by the Chief of the Air Staff of Great Britain. He joined the French Air Force Academy in 1973 and qualified as a fighter pilot in 1976. He was awarded the rank of Grand Officer of the French Legion of Honor and is an Officer of the National Order of Merit, in addition to holding the Aeronautical Medal.

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Farah Anwar Pandith
Farah Anwar Pandith

Ms. Farah Pandith attended the Forum in 2010 as Special Representative to Muslim communities for the United States Department of State, a position she was appointed to in June 2009. As part of her duties, Ms. Pandith is responsible for engaging Muslims around the world on a people-to-people and organizational level. Prior to, she was Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, where she was responsible for policy oversight for integration, democracy, and Islam in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs. Before joining the Department of State, she served as the Director for Middle East Regional Initiatives for the National Security Council.

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Leon Panetta
Leon Panetta

The Honorable Leon Panetta attended the Forum in 2011 as United States Secretary of Defense. Mr. Panetta was sworn in as Secretary of Defense on July 1, 2011. From February 2009 to June 2011, Mr. Panetta served as the director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Before joining CIA, he spent 10 years co-directing with his wife, Sylvia, the Panetta Institute for Public Policy, based at California State University, Monterey Bay. In March 2006, he was chosen as a member of the Iraq Study Group, a bipartisan committee established at the urging of Congress to conduct an independent assessment of the war in Iraq. From July 1994 to January 1997, he served as chief of staff to President Bill Clinton and prior to that was director of the Office of Management and Budget. Mr. Panetta represented California’s 16th (now 17th) Congressional District from 1977 to 1993, rising to House Budget Committee chairman. He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science and a law degree from Santa Clara University.

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Bob Paulson
Bob Paulson

Commissioner Bob Paulson attended the Forum in 2014 as Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Commissioner Paulson joined the RCMP in 1986 in Chilliwack, British Columbia. Prior to joining the RCMP, Commissioner Paulson served for almost seven years in the Canadian Armed Forces. From 1986 to 2005, Commissioner Paulson policed in various locations in British Columbia at the municipal, provincial and federal policing levels. This included work related to unsolved homicides, aboriginal and community policing, and investigating organized crime. In 2005, Commissioner Paulson transferred to National Headquarters in Ottawa, where he served in Major and Organized Crime Intelligence Branch and National Security Criminal Operations. In November 2008, he was promoted to Assistant Commissioner, National Security Criminal Investigations and then Assistant Commissioner, Contract and Aboriginal Policing Services. In November 2010, he was appointed Deputy Commissioner, Federal Policing. Commissioner Paulson became the 23rd Commissioner of the RCMP on November 21, 2011. In November of 2012, Commissioner Paulson was elected to the Executive Committee of Interpol as the Delegate for the Americas. He has two sons and two daughters. Commissioner Paulson and his wife Ms. Erin O’Gorman reside in Ottawa.

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Ruprecht Polenz
Ruprecht Polenz

The Honourable Ruprecht Polenz attended the Forum in 2009 as Chairman of the German Bundestag’s Committee on Foreign Affairs, of which he has been a member since 1994. The focal points of his work are foreign and security policy, with regional emphasis on the Middle East, in particular Iran and Turkey and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He chairs the Bundestag’s Parliamentary Control Panel and is a substitute member of the Joint Committee of the Bundestag and Bundesrat of the Basic Law. In 2000, Mr. Polenz was the Secretary-General of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Today he sits on the executive committee of the North-Rhine/Westphalia CDU und is a member of the CDU’s Federal Committee on Foreign and Security Policy. He is a lawyer and has worked since 1980 for Northern Westphalia Chamber of Industry and Commerce, becoming its director for media and public relations in 1984.

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Victor Renuart
Victor Renuart

General (Ret.) Victor Renuart attended the Forum in 2009 while commander of the U.S. Northern Command and North American Aerospace Defense Command and again in 2010 as Vice President for National Security of BAE Systems. The general entered the Air Force in 1971 following graduation from Indiana University. He was commissioned through the Officer Training School in 1972. He served as Commander of the 76th Fighter Squadron during operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, and supported Operation Deny Flight as Director of Plans for the NATO Combined Air Operations Center at Headquarters 5th Allied Tactical Air Force. The general has served as the U.S. Central Command Director of Operations, wherein he oversaw the planning and execution of all joint and allied combat, humanitarian assistance and reconstruction operations for operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Prior to assuming his final position, General Renuart was the senior military assistant to the Secretary of Defense, Washington, D.C.

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Condoleezza Rice
Condoleezza Rice

Dr. Condoleezza Rice attended the Forum in 2010 as Professor of Political Economy and Political Science at Stanford University. In addition to being a professor at Stanford Ms. Rice is also the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution. From January 2005 to 2009, she served as the 66th Secretary of State of the United States. Before serving as America’s chief diplomat, she served as assistant to the president for national security affairs (national security adviser) from January 2001 to 2005.

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Michael Rogers
Michael Rogers

Admiral Mike Rogers assumed his present duties as Commander, US Cyber Command and Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service in April 2014. Since becoming a flag officer in 2007, Rogers served as the Director for Intelligence for both the Joint Chiefs of Staff and US Pacific Command, and most recently as Commander, US Fleet Cyber Command/US TENTH Fleet. His joint and naval service both afloat and ashore has been extensive to include service on a numbered fleet staff, carrier strike group, and various Naval Security Group elements. Rogers is a native of Chicago and attended Auburn University, graduating in 1981 and receiving his commission via the Navy ROTC. He is also a graduate of the National War College and the Naval War College, holding a Master of Science in National Security Strategy.

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Daniel Runde
Daniel Runde

Daniel Runde has attended the Forum since 2009, most recently as Director of the Project on Prosperity and Development (PPD) at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. PPD focuses on the role of private actors and emerging donors in development. Previously, Mr. Runde was head of the Foundations Unit for the Department of Partnerships and Advisory Service Operations at the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the private-sector arm of the World Bank Group, where he successfully positioned IFC as a partner of choice for private and corporate philanthropy. From 2005 to 2007, he was Director of the Office of Global Development Alliances (GDA) at the US Agency for International Development (USAID), and he led the GDA partnership initiative by providing training, networks, staff, funds, and advice to establish and strengthen alliances. Earlier in his career, Mr. Runde worked for both  CitiBank and BankBoston in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He started his career with Alex. Brown & Sons, Inc. in Baltimore. Mr. Runde received an M.P.P from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and a B.A., cum laude, from Dartmouth College.

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Harjit Singh Sajjan
Harjit Singh Sajjan

Harjit Singh Sajjan has served Canada and his community as both a soldier and a police officer. He continues his service to Canada as the Member of Parliament for Vancouver South and as Minister of National Defence. Harjit is a retired Lieutenant-Colonel in the Canadian Armed Forces and a combat veteran. He was deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina and served three separate deployments to Kandahar, Afghanistan. Harjit has received numerous recognitions for his service, including the Meritorious Service Medal for reducing the Taliban’s influence in Kandahar Province. He is also a recipient of the Order of Military Merit, one of the military’s highest recognitions. Harjit also served as an Aide-de-Camp to the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. Harjit was a police officer with the Vancouver Police Department for 11 years. He completed his last assignment as a Detective-Constable with the Gang Crime Unit specializing in organized crime. He proudly tackled gang violence and drug crimes in Vancouver. Harjit is also a human security specialist, and has lectured to a wide audience in both Canada and the United States.

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Paul Salem
Paul Salem

Dr. Paul Salem focuses on issues of political change, democratic transition, and conflict, with a regional emphasis on the countries of the Levant and Egypt. Salem writes regularly in the Arab and Western press and has been published in numerous journals and newspapers, in addition to authoring a number of books and reports on the Middle East. Prior to joining MEI, Salem was the founding Director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, Lebanon between 2006 and 2013. From 1999 to 2006, he was Director of the Fares Foundation and in 1989 founded and directed the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies. He played a key role in helping establish the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs at the American University of Beirut and has held several academic positions at AUB. In 2002, Salem served on the senior review committee for the United Nations Development Program’s Arab Human Development Report and in 2006 served on Lebanon’s National Commission for Electoral Law Reform. He was also a founding member of several civil society advocacy groups in Lebanon. Paul Salem is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Lobsang Sangay
Lobsang Sangay

Sikyong Dr. Lobsang Sangay has served as the democratically elected head of the Tibetan people and the political successor to His Holiness the Dalai Lama since August 8, 2011. He attended Delhi University, was selected as a Fulbright scholar, and obtained his master’s degree and Doctorate in Law from Harvard Law School, where he was later appointed a Senior Fellow. In an effort to promote Track II Diplomacy, he organized seven major conferences for Chinese, Tibetan, Indian, and Western scholars on contemporary Tibet. Dr. Sangay has been the recipient of multiple awards and honors, and testified before the US Senate in 2008 on the urgency of the Tibetan crisis. He has spoken at universities and think tanks around the world, and his writing has been widely published in international media. Dr. Sangay’s administration has taken major steps to energize the Tibetan people and generate political awareness and social engagement of Tibetans everywhere, including an emphasis on policies that promote widespread, high-quality education, and youth empowerment.

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Randall Scheunemann
Randall Scheunemann

Mr. Randy Scheunemann has attended the Forum since 2009 as the Founder and President of Orion Strategies. He is a foreign policy and national security analyst based in Washington D.C. In 2002, he founded the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (CLI) to promote freedom for the Iraqi people. He served as pro bono president and executive director of CLI until its mission was completed in 2003. In 2001, Mr. Scheunemann served as a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense and from 1999-2000, he served as defense and foreign policy coordinator for the “McCain 2000” presidential campaign. During 1996, Mr. Scheunemann was a senior adviser to Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole and served on the 1996 Republican Platform Committee. Previously, Mr. Scheunemann served as national security adviser to Senate Republican and Majority Leaders Bob Dole and Trent Lott from 1993-99.

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Adam Schiff
Adam Schiff

Congressman Adam B. Schiff attended the Forum in 2014 as a Member of the House of Representatives. Schiff represents California’s 28th Congressional District. Throughout his tenure in Congress, Schiff has focused on improving our economy, bolstering national security, strengthening our communities, helping small businesses and improving education, safety and health care for our children. In his 7th term in the House of Representatives, Schiff currently serves on the House Appropriations Committee and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Schiff has also been a leader on national security efforts and has pushed for a broader strategy that emphasizes diplomacy, intelligence reform, and efforts to stabilize countries that are at risk of becoming future failed states and havens for terrorists. As a member of the Appropriations subcommittee that funds NASA, Schiff has fought hard to preserve and expand the robotic missions undertaken by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory right here in La Cañada Flintridge. Prior to serving in the House of Representatives, Schiff completed a four-year term as State Senator for California’s 21st State Senate District. Born on June 22, 1960, Adam is a graduate of Stanford University and Harvard Law School.  He and his wife Eve have two children, a daughter, Alexa Marion, and a son, Elijah Harris.

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Michael Semple
Michael Semple

Mr. Michael Semple attended the Forum in 2013 as a Visiting Research Professor at Queens University in Belfast. Mr. Semple is a regional specialist on Afghanistan and Pakistan with 25 years of experience in the two countries. From 2012 to 2013 he held a fellowship with the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard’s Kennedy School. As a political officer with the United Nations he contributed to the build-up of the post-2001 Afghan political order, and from 2004 to 2007 served as deputy to the European Union Special Representative for Afghanistan. He is consulted on issues concerning insurgency, reconciliation and political developments in the two countries. He has recently authored a book on reconciliation, published by the United States Institute of Peace, and articles in international publications such as Foreign Affairs. He regularly comments on the region for a range of television and radio channels.

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Jeff Sessions
Jeff Sessions

The Honorable Jeff Sessions attended the Forum in 2010 as a United States Senator from Alabama. Mr. Sessions has been a Republican U.S. senator since 1996. In 2002, he was reelected, becoming the first Republican reelected to the Senate from Alabama. Before Congress, Sessions was elected Alabama Attorney General. In 1981, Sessions was nominated by President Ronald Reagan and confirmed by the Senate to serve as the United States Attorney for Alabama’s Southern District, a position he held for 12 years. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1969 from Huntingdon College in Montgomery, Alabama, and he received a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Alabama in 1973.

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Najam Sethi
Najam Sethi

Mr. Najam Sethi attended the Forum in 2009 as Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Times and in 2010 as Editor-in-Chief of Dunya TV, in Pakistan. From March 2013 to June 2013 Mr. Sethi served a chief minister of Punjab. He is an award-winning Pakistani journalist, is the editor-in-chief of The Friday Times, a Lahore-based political weekly, and the editor-in-chief of Geo News where he hosts a popular political program: “aapas ki baat”. He is the only journalist in Asia to receive three international press freedom awards in a decade. He is the former founding editor-in-chief of Daily Times and Daily Aajkal and former editor-in-chief of Dunya TV. He also established Vanguard Books, an independent, liberal, secular publishing house which has published over 400 titles in history, politics and economics, and Beyond Borders, a public interest production company for South Asian television channels. He has been the Pakistan correspondent of The Economist since 1990 and of the Economist Intelligence Unit from 1999-2005.

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Jeanne Shaheen
Jeanne Shaheen

The Honorable Jeanne Shaheen attended the Forum in 2009, 2010, 2011, and most recently in 2016 as a Democratic Senator from New Hampshire. She was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2008. She became the first woman elected governor of New Hampshire, serving three terms from 1997 to 2003. During her governorship, she led trade missions to Europe and later spent time in Nigeria, Armenia, and the Middle East as an election monitor for the National Democratic Institute. In 2005, she became the director of Harvard University’s Institute of Politics at the Kennedy School of Government. Senator Shaheen currently serves on the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe and is chair of the European Affairs Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the Energy and Natural Resources Committee’s Subcommittee on Water and Power. She is also a member of the Armed Services Committee and the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship. Senator Shaheen earned a bachelor’s degree from Shippensburg University and a master’s degree from the University of Mississippi.

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Robin Shepherd
Robin Shepherd

Mr. Robin Shepherd is Senior Advisor to the Halifax International Security Forum. He has held senior fellowships with several top think tanks in the United States, Britain, and Europe. Before entering the think tank world, he was a foreign correspondent, firstly for Reuters and subsequently The Times of London, where he was the Moscow bureau chief. He has been associated with Halifax International Security Forum since its inception and is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Mohammad Shtayyeh
Mohammad Shtayyeh

Dr. Mohammad Shtayyeh attended the Forum from 2009 to 2012, most recently as the Minister of the Palestinian Economic Council for Development anad Reconstruction. He is a member of the Palestinian Delegation to the Final-Status Talks with Israel. He is a former minister of public works and housing. Dr. Shtayyeh has a decorated career in Palestinian public service. He has previously headed the Palestinian Delegation to the Multilateral Talks on Regional Economic Cooperation and served as secretary general of the Palestinian Central Elections Commission. In addition to official offices held, Dr. Shtayyeh was also president of the Palestinian Center for Regional Studies. He is president of the Board of Trustees of Arab-American University and vice president of the Board of Trustees of Al-Quds University. Dr. Shtayyeh received his Ph.D. in development studies from Sussex University in the United Kingdom.

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Anne-Marie Slaughter
Anne-Marie Slaughter

Dr. Anne-Marie Slaughter attended the Forum in 2011 as the Bert G. Kerstetter ’66 University Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University. From 2009–2011, Dr. Slaughter served as director of policy planning for the United States Department of State, the first woman to hold that position. Prior to her government service, she was the dean of Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and the J. Sinclair Armstrong Professor of International, Foreign, and Comparative Law and director of the International Legal Studies Program at Harvard Law School. Dr. Slaughter also served as the convener and academic co-chair, with Professor John Ikenberry, of the Princeton Project on National Security, aimed at developing a new, bipartisan national security strategy for the United States. She received a B.A. from Princeton, an M.Phil and D.Phil in international relations from Oxford, where she was a Daniel M. Sachs Scholar, and a J.D. from Harvard.

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Julianne Smith
Julianne Smith

Ms. Julianne Smith attended the Forum in 2012 as a Deputy National Security Advisor, and in 2014 as a Senior Vice President with Beacon Global Strategies, which she joined in August 2013. She is also the Director of the Strategy and Statecraft Program at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS). Prior to these positions, Smith served as the Deputy National Security Advisor to the Vice President from April 2012 to June 2013. Previously, she served as the Principal Director for European and NATO Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon. Before joining the Obama administration, Smith served as Director of the CSIS Europe Program. Earlier at CSIS, Smith served as Deputy Director of CSIS’s International Security Program. Before joining CSIS, she worked at the German Marshall Fund in the Foreign Policy Program. She also worked in Germany at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. Smith is a recipient of the American Academy in Berlin Public Policy Fellowship and the Fredin Memorial Scholarship for study at the Sorbonne. She received her B.A. from Xavier University and her M.A. from American University. She is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Nancy Southern
Nancy Southern

Nancy Southern is Chair, President, & Chief Executive Officer of ATCO Ltd., as well as Chair & Chief Executive Officer of Canadian Utilities Limited, an ATCO company. With nearly 9,000 employees and assets of approximately $18 billion, ATCO is a diversified global corporation delivering service excellence and innovative business solutions in Structures & Logistics, Utilities and Energy. Reporting to the Boards of Directors, Ms. Southern has full responsibility for executing the strategic direction and ongoing operations for both companies. Ms. Southern is a member of the US Business Council, the Canadian Council of Chief Executives, the American Society of Corporate Executives, the C.D. Howe Institute and a Canadian Member of the Trilateral Commission. Additionally, she was appointed by the late Hon. Jim Flaherty, former Minister of Finance, as a member of his Economic Advisory Council. She was also appointed by the Minister of Labour and Minister of Status of Women, Dr. Kellie Leitch, to a committee aimed at encouraging increased participation of women on Canada’s corporate boards. She also serves as a member of the Global Markets Action Plan Advisory Council, led by Canada’s Federal Minister of International Trade, Ed Fast.

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James G. Stavridis
James G. Stavridis

Admiral Stavridis attended the Forum in 2009, the first year he assumed duties as Commander of the US European Command and as Supreme Allied Commander, Europe. Mr. Stavridis held his position until 2013. After his tenure as Commander, he became Dean of Tufts University’s Fletcher School and Chair of the Board of the US Naval Institute. Stavridis is a 1976 distinguished graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and a native of South Florida. 

A Surface Warfare Officer, he commanded the Destroyer USS Barry (DDG 52) from 1993-1995, completing UN/NATO deployments to Haiti and Bosnia, and a combat cruise to the Arabian Gulf. He holds various decorations and awards, including two awards of the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal and five awards of the Legion of Merit. In 1998, he commanded Destroyer Squadron 21 and deployed to the Arabian Gulf, winning the Navy League’s John Paul Jones Award for Inspirational Leadership. He is the author or co-author of several books on naval ship handling and leadership, including Command at Sea, Destroyer Captain, and Partnership for the Americas, which is about his tenure in Latin America.

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Janice Gross Stein
Janice Gross Stein

Ms. Janice Gross Stein is the Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management in the Department of Political Science and the Founding Director of the Munk School for Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. She is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and an honorary foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She was the Massey Lecturer in 2001 and a Trudeau fellow. Ms. Stein was awarded the Molson Prize by the Canada Council for an outstanding contribution by a social scientist to public debate. She has received an Honorary Doctorate of Laws from the University of Alberta, the University of Cape Breton, and McMaster University. She is a member of the Order of Canada and the Order of Ontario. She is also a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Ellen Tauscher
Ellen Tauscher

Ms. Ellen Tauscher attended the forum in 2009 while serving as Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs, a position she held from June 2009 to February 2012. After her tenure at the U.S. Department of State, Ms. Tauscher became a Strategic Advisor at Baker Donelson. She was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from California from 1997 until her resignation in 2009, upon joining the State Department. During her most recent term in the House, Ms. Tauscher served as co-chair of the Iraqi Women’s Caucus, Department of Energy Facilities Caucus, Army Corps Reform Caucus, Intelligent Transportation Systems Caucus, and Research and Development Caucus.

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Jonathan Tepperman
Jonathan Tepperman

Jonathan Tepperman has been the Managing Editor of Foreign Affairs magazine since February 2011. Tepperman first joined Foreign Affairs as a junior editor in 1998 and spent several years there before moving on to Newsweek International. There he served as Deputy Editor and ran (at various times) the Asia, Europe, Africa, Middle East, and Latin America sections, oversaw special projects, and wrote cover stories, opinion pieces, and a regular style column. Tepperman writes frequently about international politics for a range of publications, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, The New Republic, and others. In 2013, he served as a guest columnist for the International Herald Tribune. He is the co-editor of a number of books and is the author of the forthcoming Survival of Nations: How Countries Thrive in an Age of Decline (Crown 2016). He is a member of the Board of Directors and the Agenda Working Group for the Halifax International Security Forum.

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Ishaan Tharoor
Ishaan Tharoor

Mr. Ishaan Tharoor attended the Forum in 2011 and 2012 as a writer-reporter at TIME’s headquarters in New York and editor of the Global Spin blog. After graduating from Yale, he joined TIME in 2006 at its Asia headquarters in Hong Kong and went on to report extensively on Asian geopolitics, traveling to, among other places, Maoist camps in Nepal, election rallies in the far south of the Philippines and to Mumbai in the aftermath of the 2008 terror attacks. He is an Indian by citizenship and a New Yorker by upbringing.

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Eka Tkeshelashvili
Eka Tkeshelashvili

The Honourable Ekaterine “Eka” Tkeshelashvili attended the Forum in 2009 while serving as Secretary of the National Security Council of Georgia, and in 2013 and 2014 as President of the Georgian Institute for Strategic Studies. Ms. Tkeshelashvili served as the Georgian minister of Foreign Affairs from May 2008 to December 2008 and then as Secretary of the National Security Council from December 2008 to November 2010. Following her work at the National Security Council of Georgia she was appointed to State Minister for Reintegration, Deputy Prime Minister of Georgia where she served until September 2012. She graduated from the Faculty of International Law and International Relations at Tbilisi State University in 1999 and worked as a lawyer for the International Committee of the Red Cross, Georgia, and then for IRIS Georgia. She has also worked at the Chief Specialist Centre for Foreign Policy Research and Analysis in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia.

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Victor Toews
Victor Toews

The Honorable Victor Toews attended the Forum in 2010, 2011, and 2012 as the Canadian Minister of Public Safety. Mr. Toews was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 2000. In 2006, Mr. Toews was appointed minister of justice and attorney general of Canada and in 2007 named president of the Treasury Board. Prior to his election to the House of Commons, he was active in Manitoba provincial politics. In 1995, he was elected as the member of the Legislative Assembly for Rossmere and was appointed minister of labour. From 1997 to 1999, he served as the attorney general and minister of justice for the Province of Manitoba. Mr. Toews practiced law with the Manitoba provincial Department of Justice from 1976 to 1991 and in 1987 was appointed director of constitutional law for the province. He was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 1991. Mr. Toews graduated from the University of Winnipeg and received his law degree from the University of Manitoba.

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Frances Townsend
Frances Townsend

Frances Fragos Townsend is an Executive Vice President for Worldwide Government, Legal and Business Affairs at MacAndrews and Forbes Incorporated. She works across MacAndrews’ portfolio companies focusing on international, legal, compliance, and business development issues. Prior to that she was a corporate partner with the law firm of Baker Botts, LLP. From 2004 to 2008, Ms. Townsend served as Assistant to President George W. Bush for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and chaired the Homeland Security Council. She also served as Deputy National Security Advisor for Combatting Terrorism from May 2003 to May 2004. Ms. Townsend spent 13 years at the US Department of Justice under the administrations of President George H. W. Bush, President Bill Clinton, and President George W. Bush. She has received numerous awards for her public service accomplishments. Ms. Townsend is a director on the board of three public companies (NYSE: FCX, NYSE: WU, NASDAQ: SGMS) where she serves on: compliance, compensation, and governance committees. She also serves on three private company boards where she chairs all three compensation committees and is the Chairwoman of one Board. She is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. Ms. Townsend has regularly appeared on network and cable television as a foreign policy, counterterrorism, national and homeland security expert.

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Mark Udall
Mark Udall

The Honorable Mark Udall attended the Forum from 2009 to 2012 as a United States Senator. He has represented Colorado in the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives since 1999. Senator Udall’s assignments on the Armed Services, Energy and Natural Resources, Intelligence and Aging committees give him a unique perspective to address security issues spanning from natural resources to border control. In 2011, he introduced the Department of Defense Energy Security Act to spur the Pentagon’s renewable energy development to curb its reliance on oil, reducing costs and increasing troop safety. Senator Udall was born in Tucson, Arizona, graduating from Williams College in 1972. An avid mountaineer, he was Outward Bound’s executive director for a decade. He now lives in Eldorado Springs with his wife, Maggie Fox.

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Jonathan Vance
Jonathan Vance

General Jonathan H. (Jon) Vance is the Canadian Armed Forces Chief of the Defence Staff. He joined the Canadian Armed Forces in 1982 and has served in Canada, Germany and on UN Peacekeeping operations with the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalions, The Royal Canadian Regiment. General Vance has commanded at all levels within the field force from platoon commander to brigade commander and in combat operations as a Joint Task Force Commander in Afghanistan. Following his tours in Afghanistan, General Vance served in Army headquarters as Chief of Staff Land Strategy and as Director of the Strategic Joint Staff in National Defence Headquarters. He completed a tour as Deputy Commander, Allied Joint Force Command Naples in July 2014 before assuming the position as Commander, Canadian Joint Operations Command in September of the same year. General Vance was appointed Chief of the Defence Staff in July 2015.

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Peter  Van Praagh
Peter Van Praagh

Peter Van Praagh is the founding President of Halifax International Security Forum. Peter has served as Senior Director for Foreign Policy and Civil Society at the Washington, DC-based German Marshall Fund of the United States, as Deputy Vice President of Programs at the National Endowment for Democracy in Washington, DC, and as Chief of Party for the National Democratic Institute both in the former Soviet Union and in Turkey. In 2006-07, Peter served as Policy Director to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada. Peter is a graduate of University College, the University of Toronto, and the London School of Economics. He is married to Lena Van Praagh and has three children, Yasha, Sophia, and Elizabeth.

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Julián Ventura
Julián Ventura

The Honorable Julián Ventura attended the Forum in 2011 and 2012 as Undersecretary for North American Affairs for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.  A career diplomat since 1990, he was appointed to his position with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in September 2009. In Mexico, he has served as Director-General for Asia-Pacific Affairs; Chief of Cabinet to the Secretary of External Relations; and Chief of Cabinet to the Undersecretary for Africa, Asia-Pacific, Europe and United Nations affairs. Abroad, he has served as Deputy Chief of Mission of the Mexican Embassy in the United States; Alternate Representative to the Organization of American States for Political and Inter-American Drug Control Affairs; and Political Affairs officer to Mexico’s embassy in Cuba, among other positions. He holds a BA in history from the University of British Columbia in Canada.

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Alexander Vershbow
Alexander Vershbow

Ambassador Alexander Vershbow attended the Forum in 2013 and 2014 as the Deputy Secretary General of NATO, the first American to serve in the position. He took up his position in February 2012 after serving for three years as the US Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, where he was responsible for US security and defense relations with Europe, Eurasia, the Middle East, and Africa. From 1977 to 2008, Vershbow was a career member of the US Foreign Service, serving as US Ambassador to NATO (1998-2001); Russia (2001-2005), and the Republic of Korea (2005-2008). Previous posts include Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European Affairs at the National Security Council (1994-97) and State Department Director for Soviet Union Affairs (1988-91). Vershbow, a native of Boston, Massachusetts, holds degrees from Yale and Columbia Universities in Russian/ East European Studies and International Relations.

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Luis Carlos Villegas Echeverri
Luis Carlos Villegas Echeverri

Luis Carlos Villegas Echeverri is the National Defense Minister of Colombia. Prior to his current role he held positions as Colombian Ambassador to the United States, Governor of the Department of Risaralda, Colombia, Colombian Senator, as well as Vice Minister of Foreign Relations, among other positions. His other roles include being on the Ecopetrol board of directors, Director of the National Federation of Colombian Coffee Growers, acting President of the Colombian National Industrial Association, and President of the National Guild Council and the Andean Industrial Council. Between the years 2012-2013, Mr. Villegas was a member of the Colombian Government’s negotiation team during peace talks with FARC. He studied economics and earned a law degree from Javeriana University in Bogota, Colombia. He is also a candidate for a degree in public administration from the University of Paris II. Mr. Villegas has been honored various times both within and outside of Colombia. He was awarded the Boyacá and San Carlos medals, the Brazilian medal of Rio Branco, the Colombian Congress’ Medal of Democracy, the Medal of Isabel the Catholic, and other distinctions from countries including Argentina, Italy, Peru, and Ecuador.

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Kurt Volker
Kurt Volker

Ambassador Kurt Volker is a leading expert in US foreign and national security policy with some 30 years of experience in a variety of government, academic, and private sector capacities. Ambassador Volker serves as Executive Director of The McCain Institute for International Leadership, a part of Arizona State University based in Washington, DC. He is also a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies, a Senior Advisor at the Atlantic Council, and a Trustee of IAU College in Aix-en-Provence, France. He is a consultant to international business, a member of the Board of Directors of Capital Guardian Funds Trust, and had previously served as Managing Director, International, for BGR Group. He has taught Transatlantic Relations at the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs. He is a member of the Halifax International Security Forum Agenda Working Group.

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Jonathan Weisstub
Jonathan Weisstub

Jonathan Weisstub is a Founding Partner of Common Wealth, a pension advisory firm that serves governments, leading public sector pension plans, and the labor movement. He also serves as a strategic advisor to publicly traded companies. Most recently he was the Executive Vice President, Corporate Development for Infrastructure Ontario where he was responsible for the privatization and review of a number of significant assets of the Province of Ontario. Prior to this appointment, he led government wide expenditure management initiatives for the Province’s $120 billion budget, as Assistant Deputy Minister and Head of the Program Review Secretariat within the Ontario Ministry of Finance. Jonathan also served as Vice President of Corporate Affairs for Gabriel Resources, a TSX listed gold company with a market capitalization of approximately $1 billion. Prior to joining Gabriel Resources, he practiced with the law firm of Stikeman Elliott LLP in the area of securities and corporate law, specializing in public and private mergers and acquisitions, as well as private equity transactions and corporate finance. Jonathan has also served as Senior Policy Advisor to the Prime Minister of Canada, from 2004-2006. Jonathan has a B.A. from McGill University, an M.Phil in politics from Oxford University, and a law degree from the University of Toronto.

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James  Winnefeld, Jr.
James Winnefeld, Jr.

Admiral Winnefeld attended the Forum in 2010 while concurrent Commander of the US Northern Command and the North American Areospace Command. Mr. Winnefeld is currently the ninth vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, a position he has held since August 2011.  In this capacity, he is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the nation’s second highest-ranking military officer. Admiral Winnefeld graduated from the Georgia Institute of Technology and received his commission through the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps Program. He subsequently served with three fighter squadrons flying the F-14 Tomcat, and as an instructor at the Navy Fighter Weapons School. His awards include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, the Defense Meritorious Service Medal, the Meritorious Service Medal, the Air Medal and five Battle Efficiency awards.

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Nancy Youssef
Nancy Youssef

Ms. Nancy Youssef attended the Forum in 2011 as Chief Pentagon Correspondent for McClatchy Newspapers, focusing her coverage on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and also serves as president of the Pentagon Press Association. Before covering the Pentagon, she spent four years covering the Iraq war, most recently as Baghdad bureau chief. She also served as a reporter for the Detroit Free Press, covering legal issues, and traveled throughout Jordan and Iraq for Knight Ridder, covering the Iraq war. She began her journalism career at the Baltimore Sun. She has won several awards for her work including the University of Virginia’s Lawrence Hall Award for Distinguished Journalism covering the Middle East. Ms. Youssef holds a B.A. in economics from the University of Virginia and is currently working on a master’s in security studies from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.

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Amberin Zaman
Amberin Zaman

Ms. Amberin Zaman attended the forum in 2009 and 2010 as the Istanbul-based Turkey correspondent of the UK weekly The Economist. Ms. Zaman, who is Turkish, also writes a column twice a week for the mass circulation Turkish daily Haberturk. Educated in New York and Switzerland, she has covered Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, and Armenia for a wide array of international titles including The Daily Telegraph of London, The Washington Post, and the Los Angeles Times. Ms. Zaman’s fields of interest are minority rights, the Kurds, and Turkish Armenian reconciliation.

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Radwan Ziadeh
Radwan Ziadeh

Dr. Radwan Ziadeh attended the Forum in 2011 as the Co-founder and Executive Director of the Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies in Washington, D.C. He has also served as a visiting scholar at the Dubai Initiative at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government and a fellow at the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding in Washington, D.C. He is the founder and director of the Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies in Syria. He is also the managing editor of the Transitional Justice in the Arab World Project. Before that, Dr. Ziadeh was editor-in-chief of Tyarat magazine and secretary of the Syrian Organization for Transparency. Dr. Ziadeh has been one of the major players in the “Damascus Spring,” a period of intense debate about politics, social issues and calls for reform in Syria after the death of President Hafez al-Assad in 2000. He is a frequent political commentator and writes a bi-monthly op-ed for the leading Arab daily, Al-Hayat.

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